The analysis that follows examines how religious citizenship evolved during the twelve years of Reconstruction (1865-1877) in the United States that followed Lincoln's injunction to his fellow Americans to act in the years ahead with firmness in the right as God gives us to see the right. The essay begins by tracing some of the divergences between postwar religious assumptions in the North and South to attitudes honed during the conflict. It takes as symbols of the contrasting views two of the opposing generals at the Battle of Chancellorsville in 1862, Thomas Stonewall Jackson, the early avatar of the religion of the lost cause in the South, and Oliver Otis Howard, the future head of the Freedmen's Bureau. It then deals with how Americans made peace with the dead at least 620,000 of them, or two percent of the nation's population in ways that included Horace Bushnell's theology of vicarious sacrifice, resurgent spiritualism, and the annihilation of pain and suffering in Mary Baker Eddy's Science and Health (1875). It concludes with the religious impulse to make peace with the living through reuniting the national family. However, this compassionate religious citizenship too often offered only a blinkered definition of family, for reconciliation with the white prodigal sons of the South typically entailed abandoning the newly admitted African American members of the national family.
Even though cultural geography has long exerted a productive influence on theatre studies, the relationship between modern drama and sacred or religious geography has yet to be thoroughly explored. Glaspell’s The Outside is influenced by religion as much as it constructs a sacred geography for the theatre. By reading The Outside through the paradigm of liturgical theology, this essay argues that Glaspell uses the imagery of a natural, exterior, and sacred landscape to open her audience up to the importance of the interior landscape of the spirit.
The paper, after making a few preliminary observations and briefly spelling out the relationship between classical and folk religious traditions in India, describes some of the salient features of folk religion as an “otherness.” The second part of the paper analyzes religious narratives about the origins of village/folk deities, particularly in South Tamil Nadu, a southern state in India. It is shown that most of the folk deities are women who as human beings met untimely and/or unnatural deaths. The victims of unjust social structures, they metamorphosed into spirits of extraordinary power who in their divinized incarnations became powerful guardians of their communities capable of alleviating the hardships of their devotees. The paper concludes that religious stories of folk deities often serve as border zones in which a transition from the social world of humans to the mythical realm of deities takes place in the textual and oral space of mutual interaction.
India, with a rich history of more than 5000 years, the last seven decades of which have been as a modern independent state, is a vibrant democracy in which freedom is cherished, if not always realized, as society progresses amid contradictions and paradoxes. In this article, the author argues that only creative debate and dialogue can make India a viable player in the globalized world of today. In the first part, the author highlights the contribution of Amartya Sen, who equates genuine freedom with enabling development and fostering the capabilities for all citizens. He then turns to the present state of political freedom and democracy in India through the analysis of Mukulika Banerjee. This takes him to the problem of corruption in India and the promise and failings of the Anna Hazare movement’s attempt to address it. In the final sections the author turns to literary and journalistic depictions of Indian modernity that lead him the conclusion that only respectful, on-going dialogue among all players can merge the entangled stories of India within a global Indian identity.
In this article, the premises for state support of religious communities in Sweden are discussed in relation to democratic values. Registered faith communities in Sweden have the possibility to apply for financial support from the state, as well as for help to collect the membership fee through the state tax payment process. One of the most important criteria to receive state support is that the faith community should contribute to the maintenance and strengthening of the fundamental values of society, the state funding opportunity thus being intimately related to the Swedish conception of democracy. In 2016, 43 faith communities were receiving economic support from the state on these premises. Some applications for state funding of religious faith communities have, however, been turned down. This article will focus on one of these cases, the application from Jehovah´s Witnesses, which has been turned down on the critique that the faith community does not contribute to the maintenance and strengthening of the fundamental values of society. This case has been in question since 2007 and is still not resolved. Based on this case, the question of fundamental values of society, a corner stone in the Swedish perspective on democracy, will be problematized, and some dilemmas will be pinpointed.
This study analyzes the causal relationship between the political orientation, age group, gender, residence, and level of education as independent variables and voters' candidate contact channel as the dependent variable. For this study, a telephone survey of Korean adults was conducted. The total sample of the survey is 1,000 which was proportionally extracted by gender, age, and region. The statistical analysis methods to verify research problems are the logistic regression analysis and the cross-tabulations. The results show that 57.8% of the Korean voters contacted with candidates through the traditional contact channel including candidate's promotional materials, home or cellular phone call, and street speech/meeting, while only 25.6% did the online contact channel including email/Facebook/Twitter and mobile text/Kakaotalk. 20s, sex, high school graduates and urban/rural complex dwellers have a significant causal relationship with voters' candidate contact channel. Voters in 20s are about 2 times more likely than those over 30s in the use of the online channel. Male voters are 1.42 times more likely than female voters in the use of the traditional channel. High school graduates are about 2.42 times more likely than college graduates in the use of the traditional channel. Urban/rural complex dwellers are about 2.94 times more likely than other area dwellers in the use of the traditional channel. There is no statistically significant relationship between voter’s political orientation and voters' candidate contact channel.
Living in a globalized society implies that political thinking necessarily extends beyond the national level to reach us in our roles as citizens of the world. Living in today's globalized society also requires a new level of political thinking commensurate with the complexity of its challenges. To overcome the many difficulties we, and the planet we live on, face in the Anthropocene era, It is more important for humans to act as systematic thoughts. This paper will examine how general systemic thinking, critical systems thinking, and whole healing systems thinking can help us both comprehend and overcome these challenges.
This paper explores the feasibility of the basic income system, requiring a new welfare system in the change of the labor market. First, the paper examines the structural change of the labor market and the emergence of the new labor class in Korea. Then, the paper points out the limits of the existing welfare system and estimates budgets of each basic income model with the updated data of 2018. Lastly, this exploratory analysis suggests political implications in order to be set for an alternative income security system.
This paper studies the impact of commercial areas on land prices of neighboring existing commercial areas in innovative cities by studying the relationship between changing prices of commercial areas using Love & Zicchino (2006) and Panel VAR model. First, the land prices of innovative cities are inversely related to land prices of neighboring existing commercial areas. However, it is difficult to show that increased supply of innovative cities have strong causal impact on neighboring existing commercial area due to physical distance being too far to cause a significant impact. Second, there was a stronger negative impact on the prices of incumbent commercial areas when it is located within close proximity of new innovative cities than not, especially in case of new-town and old town exist together. On the other hand, introduction of new innovative cities shows insignificant impact on the prices of commercial area in new town. In essence, introduction of new innovative cities has shown to be one of the causes of degradation of neighboring existing commercial areas. This impact was shown to be more drastic in areas where innovative cities were introduced in close proximity of existing commercial areas. Therefore, it is better to avoid creating duplication of commercial areas and focus on improving social resource infrastructure when developing new innovative cities in an effort to create more balanced regional cities and economies.