This article deals with how religion can relate to healing. This article explores whether religious healing provides any substantive change and recovery in the collective sphere as well as in the individual sphere. This means that religious healing has a positive effect on individual healing and provides "solidarity" of the community. To this end, based primarily on Harold Koenig's idea and argument, this article sheds light on the relationship between personal healing and religion. Likewise, in order to highlight the collective areas of religious healing, it focuses on the case of Rev. Choi, Jasil of the Pentecostal Church, who was very active in religious healing. In so doing, one can see that religion still influences personal healing in modern society, and it serves to strengthen social solidarity through group healing in the collective area. In other words, this article will help readers to ascertain the relationship between religion and healing at the individual and group level.
In the digital age, the environment surrounding copyright has changed dramatically. The recent trend of the 4th Industrial Revolution is accelerating the change. The copyright law system can not catch up with the pace of change. Due to the recent rapid changes in the copyright environment caused by the development of digital technologies and information and communication technologies, the present copyright restriction system has become a time to seek new changes. This study suggests ways to improve the regulation system of current copyright restrictions and to extend the use of fair use to moral rights in order to cope with rapid changes in the copyright related environment. While a overall revision of the system would be desirable, at the very least it is necessary to introduce an exemption regulation for commercial purpose work and works made for hire in which property value has a relative importance and there is no violation of direct personal interests such as defamation. The introduction of immunity regulations will also meet the purpose of our copyright law, which is ultimately aimed at the development of culture and related industries, and It will activate the free use of the works. Ultimately, the interests of the authors and the citizens' interests as users of the works can be balanced.
The goal of this paper is to examine Sigmund Freud's Civilization and Its Discontents from the background and intrinsic value of Mircea Eliade’s ideas, focusing on Eliade's autobiography and journals. This work shows that Eliade's approach is not derived from a notion of essentialism that is far from reality, but from an examination of the existential problems of actual human life based on real life experiences and factual data. The crucial difference between Eliade and Freud is the contrast of their decisive attitude about life and civilization. Freud insisted that the tragic pain caused by human civilization could be solved by the empathic ties of expansion of Eros. On the other hand, Eliade argued that a human being, a historical being who lives through his daily life, is demanding a new humanism through a mythical and religious meaning. Eliade's view seems to be more appropriate for the future of mankind because we will be able to overcome creatively any new hardships by regaining symbolic meanings.
The purpose of this study is to investigate the factor which affects the civic engagement based on the internal heterogeneity according to the middle and old-aged people's income. This study was to divide the population group of middle and old-aged people according to the income in quartile and to confirm the effectiveness on the correlates of civic engagement suggested in preceding study. As for the analysis data, this study was to use Korean Longitudinal Study of Ageing(KLoSA).
The result of this research is may be summed up as follows.
This study has shown that the correlates of most of civic engagement had significant effect on the group of total middle and old-aged people. However, as a result of analyzing it by dividing it into the income distribution group, this study has found out that the influence of variables showed a tendency to be lost in consecutive order as income levels rose. In particular, at the group which showed the highest income level, the whole variable except the education level and health status lost its explanation power. Based on the analysis result, this study was to implicatively suggest that various policies which induced the civic engagement for the middle and old-aged people should have policy resilience which could be applied individually according to the individual income level and needs for the middle and old-aged people.
A transnational network of activists led the international consumer boycott against Nestlé from 1976 to 1984. The boycott aimed to make transnational corporations “immediately stop all promotions of infant formulas in developing nations,” as the deaths of numerous infants in the developing nations were attributed to these formulas. An international movement originating from the U.S. spread to networks of NGOs from 65 nations. Eventually, the boycott successfully pressured Nestlé to abided by the international code drafted by the WHO and UNICEF to sanction excessive marketing of infant formula.
Although this boycott transpired three decades ago, the case deserves a thorough analysis for its political strategy. To effectively pressure Nestlé, activists pushed for "information politics, symbolic politics, leverage politics, and accountability politics" by mobilizing various economic and political actors (e.g. consumers, GOs, IGOs), and leveraging their power against Nestlé. My analysis enriches the understanding of international political economy through illuminating the rich potential of transnational activists’ networks to harness the power of multiple stakeholders to curb multinational corporation.
The research aims to analyze and apply the military leadership of Admiral Yi Sun-shin to modern military leadership to present policy implications for smooth communication, coordination and achievement of the command system. Implementation of Yi's military leadership is important in the current management and application of military leadership to win in the battlefield. Admiral Yi's leadership can be used in modern military organizations to smoothly communicate, recognize the situation, decide rationally the best course of action, and manage the military command through consideration and interest in his subordinates.
I analyze unfamiliar aspects of the political system in the Korean local elections held on June 13, 2018. In particular, an analysis of the election promises made by the mayoral candidates of Gwangju Metropolitan City and superintendent candidates of the Gwangju Metropolitan Office of Education suggest that they lack political system literacy, a concept that is defined in general and as a means of cultivating democracy in South Korea. The election promises promised to the voters are analyzed in terms of political system literacy in relation to current issues in city governance and to problems in public education. One conclusion from this analysis is that better efforts must be made to educate the future leaders of the Korean political system from an early age to improve their political system literacy as the democratic citizenship education.
One of the most blatant expressions of unilateral presidential power in the history of U.S. foreign relations came in the assertion of federal jurisdiction over offshore spaces into what had been state lands or ungoverned international space. In September 1945, President Harry S. Truman claimed jurisdiction and control over the subsoil resources of the continental shelf. This article examines the effort to secure American interests in the submerged lands of the offshore continental shelf after 1945 as part of an unilateralist approach at the heart of American empire. The article argues that unilateralism was a core continuity in United States foreign policy and the pursuit of U.S. power in the global system. The U.S. has over time created sustainable global hegemony through often unilateral assertion of territorial and extraterritorial dominance as a means of governance. This article highlights the arc of presidential unilateralist action as a way of emphasizing continuities over time and puncturing false pieties.