This research explores three types of feedback for a large writing course. Draft revision is an essential step for students who need inspiring experiences to overcome the intimidation of writing. Through an ongoing process of revision, students realize that “seeing again” does improve their essays. In the writing class, I organized three steps for active revision: peer-review, instructor’s review, and self-revision. All three steps were conducted in sequence: students wrote the first draft and had a peer-review session. Through the peer-review process, students gained a critical viewpoint and better evaluated their own essays. The peer-review activity reminded students of the reader’s presence in writing. Students revised their essays based on the comments from the peers and the instructor. Finally, they were asked to revise their first draft and wrote a Writing Process Report at the same time. As meta-writing, the Writing Process Report sets for a plan and a goal of a final draft. Such revision processes promote students’ involvement—active and interactive self-revision. That is, well-designed peer review and self-revision activities ensure students’ self-initiated and spontaneous engagement in writing.
The presence or introduction of Shakespeare into the condensed imaginary world of cartoons and comic books is a fairly recent phenomenon in Korea, compared to a somewhat long history of reception of Shakespeare on stage. Comics were commonly regarded to be a product of lowbrow subculture, and most Koreans took Shakespeare only as an iconic equivalent of the dramatic creation. In the 1960s and 70s, Korean comics became heavily influenced by an influx of the Japanese comics, or manga, and TV animation series including Iron Arm Atom and Candy. Today, many Korean comic books of Shakespearean adaptations are still under this influence. Unlike other Shakespearean comic books and mangas popular in the Western world, the Korean publishing market mostly targeting young children for their elite education is seen as a unique characteristic. This paper introduces a brief history of comic book adaptations of Shakespeare in Korea and examine the socio-cultural context in which these adaptations are commercially appropriated and educationally circulated
The purpose of the study is to analyze the satisfaction and needs of undergraduate international students regarding the educational service and to suggest future measures for service improvement. The primary requirement for the academic adjustment of international students is to reveal how satisfied they are with the current educational administration service and what their needs are. To investigate the satisfaction and needs of undergraduate international students regarding the educational administration service, a survey was administered to 395 international students at 12 local undergraduate institutes. Results of the survey showed that the satisfaction of the learners in Chungcheong Province and Gangwon Province tended to be lower than that of the learners in the capital area, Gyeongsang Province, and Jeolla Province. Moreover, a lower level of satisfaction was shown from groups with smaller numbers of undergraduate international students. With regard to language group, dissatisfaction with the administrative service among learners from Vietnam and other Asian locales was higher than learners from other regions. The study results therefore suggest the need for universities to provide customized administrative support for international students.
This study seeks to verify the effect of individuals’ orientation of students in the computational thinking class, digital literacy and communication on self-efficacy. Also, it wants to ascertain whether digital literacy has improved communication, and whether digital literacy and communication have improved self-efficacy. For this purpose five factors were developed: two types of individual orientation (extrovert or introvert), digital literacy, communication, and self-efficacy. A survey of 31 items was administered to 180 students in the computational thinking class. Analysis was based on results of 166 questionnaires. The study indicated that extroverts improved digital literacy and communication skill, while introverts improved digital literacy through class. In addition, communication skill improved digital literacy, and self-efficacy was improved by digital literacy. But self-efficacy was not improved by communication ability. Through improved digital literacy, they could distinguish whether others are good or not, after which they could produce trust and start to share and deliver information to others. Finally, improved digital literacy resulted in self-efficacy. Digital literacy and communication skill are core competencies to the undergraduate students in this smart era. This study suggests how education programs in computational thinking can be created for undergraduate students to improve digital literacy and communication skill
This paper tries to elucidate Bentham's political ideas in terms of philosophical radicalism. First, his utilitarianism was a call for a way of thinking radical enough not only in his time, but also nowadays. There still are a vast number of cases where conflicts can be reconciled peacefully by utilitarian approaches, although his idea of a "moral arithmetic" is certainly fallacious. Second, Bentham considered society, law and even nature as fictitious entities. This is a point which has not been adequately understood since, but touches right at the conceptual foundation upon which our understanding of human lives can be built. Elucidation of these two points will show how radical Bentham's philosophy is.
Since the end of the 20th century, the state of democracy has become increasingly complicated. In many parts of the world, traditional representative democracy is frequently influenced by “street politics” often divided into extremes. There are two contradictory views of this phenomenon: as an “extension of democracy,” or as a “crisis of democracy.” The slogan inscribed in the middle of Brazilian flag is “Ordem e Progresso,” which means in English “order and progress.” However, Brazilians say their country is only "progressing" at night when politicians sleep. In addition to the question of why countries succeed and why they fail, the growing inequality and polarization within a country adds to the uncertainty of the future. This article examines whether the collapse of the leftist regime, which has been in power in Brazil for 15 years, represents an “edge of democracy” or whether the ruling of the leftist regime was a “crisis of democracy,” as argued by the currently ruling right-wing forces. It aims to project the possibility of integration and the “new order and progress” they are looking for in a severely divided society.