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pISSN : 1598-4230 / eISSN : 2586-7601

2020 KCI Impact Factor : 0.24
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2020, Vol.63, No.4

  • 1.

    University Social Responsibility and Educational Performance: Evidence from South Korea

    PARK NARA | Kim, Jungsook | Sun Hwa Son and 1other persons | 2020, 63(4) | pp.5~30 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    In this article, we examine the relationship between university social responsibility (USR) and educational performance. For decades, universities as social organizations actively respond to environmental changes and adopt affirmative action programs that embody equality and diversity. In fact, a series of education policy reform has normatively shaped the relationships between states and universities that progressively incorporate social responsibility (i.e., affirmative action) in addition to research, teaching, and management. Moreover, we argue that USR has an increasingly positive influence on the educational performance of universities, by employing FGLS (feasible generalized least squares) regression on panel data for Korean universities (2008-2015). The findings suggest why universities and policymakers should further expand USR.
  • 2.

    Instructional Design Implications for International Graduate Students: Perceptions on Intercultural Communicative Competences and Socially Engaged Learning

    Yeonjeong Park | Barbara Lockee | David Moore | 2020, 63(4) | pp.31~58 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to perceptions of international graduate students on intercultural communicative competence (ICC) and ID strategies for socially engaged learning (SEL). As an internal condition, ICC is a quality for those who enter a second language and culture. As an external condition, SEL includes recommended learning and instructional strategies for the students. SEL was derived from the review of existing and well-known social theories of learning. As a case study in a large university in the U.S., this study investigated perceptions on ICC and SEL with a sample of 208 non-native English speaking international graduate students coming from China, India, South Korea, and other diverse countries. Results of quantitative analysis showed that these students with different background characteristics, academic disciplines, cultural origins, and previous experiences perceived a moderately high level of ICC and generally had positive views on SEL strategies for socially engaged learning. Significantly different perceptions among sub-factors of ICC level and SEL framework across their backgrounds suggest that the instructional designers need to better understand students’ different intercultural competencies, to build a bridge in applying between generally-accepted versus culturally-specific instructional design principles, and finally to help students prepare their socially engaged learning successfully.
  • 3.

    On the Epistemological Shift for the Formation of a More Advanced Sense of Justice in South Korean Society

    Yeonsoo Shim | 2020, 63(4) | pp.59~72 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Usually, when humans face a crisis of survival, they tend to make extreme choices based on their usual epistemological attitude. However, if the usual epistemological orientation is tamed in a habit based on synergistic epistemology, there is a possibility that extreme choices such as suicide will not be made. If South Koreans make a habit of selective behavior based on synergistic epistemology, they can overcome the crisis situation facing catastrophe more wisely. Synergistic choices that are complexly dependent on human emotions, understanding, reason, intuition, and soul will be a smarter synergistic epistemology that can escape extreme death choices.
  • 4.

    View on Chinese New Rural Construction and Strategies of Human Resource Development from the Perspective of the Korean New Community Movement

    IlGyu kang | 2020, 63(4) | pp.73~102 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This paper reviewed the Korean New Community Movement, which was considered to be successful, and analyzed Chinese New Rural Construction from the view of the Korean New Community Movement. This paper especially emphasized the importance of human resource development for the new rural construction, and discussed the strategies for the human resource development. Korean government took the policy to accomplish its economic development through the new community movement during President Park Jung-hee reign and Chinese government began to work on new rural construction to address the issues in the agricultural sector in 2006. It was the start of the 5-year plan of the 11th economic development in China. Chinese government took the Korean new community movement as successful in achieving its goal. They saw the movement contributed to build the agricultural infrastructure and to narrow the gap between the city and the countryside income. Although China and Korea differed in the social systems and the national consciousness, they shared a common goal to achieve thoroughgoing agricultural construction for their economic modernization. Based on the two nations’ successful cases, this paper examined and suggested the human resource development in this sector as one of the strategies for the continuous development.
  • 5.

    Corona 19 and the Need for global Citizenship: Focusing on the Discussion of Ulrich Beck

    Kim, Kyung-Rae | 2020, 63(4) | pp.103~136 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Ulrich Beck defined modern society as a risk society. The cause of this was found in modernity. It also suggested reflective modernity as an alternative to overcome the risk of modern society. Since then, this discussion has developed into a discussion of the world risk society and suggested global citizenship as an alternative to overcome this risk. The premise of global citizenship is the individual's ability to reflect. However, as the Corona 19 is spreading, fear and anxiety are emerging in the form of discrimination, violence and exclusion. This aspect is understood as the ambivalence of the individualization theme mentioned by Beck. For the positive effect of individualization, Beck raises the need for a sub-politics of social formation from the bottom, centered on autonomous citizens. But the premise of this sub-politics is citizens who have organized democratic values. In response, this paper raises the need for education for world citizens who systematize democratic values in the present situation facing global risk.
  • 6.

    Prospects of the Korean and Chinese Film Industry after COVID-19

    Qin, Ya-wei | Kim Mi Lang | 2020, 63(4) | pp.135~148 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Since December 2019, as the COVID-19 has spread rapidly around the world, governments have strongly implemented various quarantine policies, including keeping social distance between individuals and online education etc. Nevertheless, mankind is threatened with new challenges in all areas of politics, society, culture and sports, as well as economic activities between countries. In particular, the film industry, where many people gather in dense spaces, has been affected by its nature, resulting in a sharp drop in sales and audience numbers. Since the film industry has significant meaning and value in the development of cultural industries in both Korea and China, and it is a highly value-added industrial sector in terms of economy, it is time for the government to take measures to overcome such crisis. This paper aims to predict the future development and prospects of the film industry of Korea and China through the implementation of government-level policies for the revitalization of the film industry in both countries and the efforts of the film industry.
  • 7.

    Comments on the continuation and practice of community in a post-multicultural society

    Jo KyungSun | Park, Se-In | CHOI CHANG GEUN | 2020, 63(4) | pp.151~184 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    In future urban communities, a new paradigm is needed in which all citizens can participate in community formation as active members and practical beings of the community. This paper discusses an active humanistic approach to multiculturalism as a way to increase social capacity. To overcome disasters and crises, this paper conducts discussions on the foundation of Humanities and the literacy capabilities to change the paradigm of creating a local community based on solidarity across nationalities and races. In order to enter an era in which all community members fulfill their roles and responsibilities as citizens, literacy skills are required as a communicator of humanities and community connection. This thesis attempts a more comprehensive and objective reflection on our society as a prerequisite for developing literacy capabilities in a post-multicultural society. This thesis discusses the dangers of discrimination and exclusion inherent in advanced technology development and convenience. Instead of sympathy and tolerance toward strangers, discrimination and exclusion, that is, humanistic foundations such as the ethics of hospitality, are important factors for enhancing the literacy capacity of the community. We propose a ‘Communicator’ who can learn the humanities aimed by the community and lead a complete fusion between community and community, and between individual and individual. Communicators are universal citizens who can form and operate communities, and communicators with humanistic literacy capabilities are necessary citizens in a post-multicultural society.