This paper reviewed the Korean New Community Movement, which was considered to be successful, and analyzed Chinese New Rural Construction from the view of the Korean New Community Movement. This paper especially emphasized the importance of human resource development for the new rural construction, and discussed the strategies for the human resource development.
Korean government took the policy to accomplish its economic development through the new community movement during President Park Jung-hee reign and Chinese government began to work on new rural construction to address the issues in the agricultural sector in 2006. It was the start of the 5-year plan of the 11th economic development in China.
Chinese government took the Korean new community movement as successful in achieving its goal. They saw the movement contributed to build the agricultural infrastructure and to narrow the gap between the city and the countryside income. Although China and Korea differed in the social systems and the national consciousness, they shared a common goal to achieve thoroughgoing agricultural construction for their economic modernization.
Based on the two nations’ successful cases, this paper examined and suggested the human resource development in this sector as one of the strategies for the continuous development.