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pISSN : 1598-4230 / eISSN : 2586-7601

2020 KCI Impact Factor : 0.24
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2021, Vol.64, No.4

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  • 1.

    Effects of Social Support on Achievement Motivation and School Adaptation of Multicultural Adolescents: Focusing on Mediating Effect of Social Withdrawal

    Choi So Yun | 2021, 64(4) | pp.5~22 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study examines the effects of friend support and teacher support, which play an important role in social relationships among adolescents, on the achievement motivation and school adaptation of multicultural adolescents, focusing on the mediating effect of social withdrawal. Adolescence is a time to expand social relationships and to materialize a sense of self and collective identity through various interactions with the environment. However, in the case of multicultural adolescents, it is reported that the rate of school dropout or school maladjustment is higher than that of non-multicultural students and the rate of victims of bullying or school violence is also reported to be higher. Therefore, this study examined the level of support of friends and teachers for multicultural adolescents by using the most recent 8th Multicultural Youth Panel data and identified the effect of such social support on school adaptation and achievement motivation of multicultural adolescents and the mediating effect of social withdrawal through a structural equation model. As a result of this study, the support of teachers and friends as sub-factors of social support directly affected the achievement motivation and school adaptation of multicultural adolescents. However, teacher support did not directly affect social withdrawal, and accordingly, the effect of teacher support on achievement motivation and school adaptation through the mediating effect of social withdrawal was not significant. However, friend support was found to have a direct effect on social withdrawal, and in the structural model of social support social withdrawal achievement motivation and school adaptation, friend support was found to affect achievement motivation and school adaptation through the mediating effect of social withdrawal. Based on the results of this study, implications for school adaptation of multicultural adolescents were presented.
  • 2.

    View on North Korea’s Human Resources Development(HRD) Measures from the Perspective of the Cooperative Support

    Kang, il gyu | 2021, 64(4) | pp.23~44 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study introduces measures designed to increase exchanges and cooperation in the field of HRD amidst the ongoing changes in inter-Korean ties. At the current level of inter-Korean exchanges, it is hard to expect improvement in the field of human resource development. The priority in terms of the provision of support and cooperation with North Korea in the HRD field, should be given to the mitigation of economic difficulties and the increase of mutual benefits. In addition, the processes of support and cooperation should be approached from the long-term standpoint of a unified Korea. Furthermore, all of this should be implemented for the long-term goal of mutual prosperity.
  • 3.

    A study on the improvement of digital literacy according to the change of circumstances -Focusing on Computer utilization subject

    Yunjung Ko | 2021, 64(4) | pp.45~60 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study attempts to extract the characteristics, computer literacy, critical acceptance, and creative ability for digital information, included in H University's computer application course and then verify the effect of these characteristics on confidence (self-efficacy) that they can be solved when faced with a new problem. In addition, the purpose of this study was to compare and analyze how these characteristics affect self-efficacy according to the change of circumstances from the beginning of the semester to the end of the semester. As a result of the analysis, it was found that creativity improves self-efficacy at the beginning of the semester, but creativity decreases self-efficacy in the moderating effect on situations. It can be said that the creativity is already equipped with the development of one-person media and SNS. Therefore, they have creativities at the beginning of the semester and improve their self-efficacy, but since they are not yet familiar with classes and have insufficient adaptation to the university such as Covid 19, it was found that the moderating effect of the situation on these creativities rather lowers the self-efficacy. At the end of the semester, it was found that critical accommodating ability and computer literacy improved self-efficacy by improving computer literacy while solving problems close to real life and performing tasks, has been shown to improve. This is because the computer utilization class mainly focuses on improving the critical acceptance ability and problem solving ability of digital information, can do. In this subjects, since the focus is on improving the critical acceptance and problem-solving ability of digital information, it can be said that the moderating effect of these factors as well as the utilization and critical acceptance ability improves self-efficacy at the same time. It is meaningful that this study actually verified the improvement of digital literacy ability among college students that use digital information the most. A school in charge of nurturing future talents with these abilities can serve as an institution that nurtures the skills required by society, and society has the effect of reducing the cost of re-educating people who do not have these skills.
  • 4.

    COVID-19, Disgust, and Public Policy: Focusing on Anti-Chinese Sentiment in South Korea

    Jeon, Seung Bong | 2021, 64(4) | pp.61~76 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The COVID-19 pandemic brings about deep impacts in human society. One of the noticeable impacts is a rising xenophobia all over the world. In particular, the anti-Chinese sentiment (Sinophobia) is observed in many countries, and South Korea (hereafter Korea) is not an exception. The main objective of this article is to explore the characteristics and origins of the anti-Chinese sentiment that has been widely spread among the Korean youth. It has been acknowledged that there are many causes of Sinophobia in Korea – such as fine dust problem and the roles of media. I put forward another reason of Sinophobia while drawing on the concepts that Martha Nussbaum (2019) suggests. According to her, fear leads to errors and also drives other emotions such as anger and disgust. Furthermore, the concept of projective disgust that Nussbaum suggests is connected to the “othering” process. It implies that some groups are demonized and wrongly blamed in the context of pandemic. Furthermore, fear grows when life is unstable, and projective disgust also grows out of insecurity. Therefore, I propose that an insufficient social safety net of Korea may play an important role in shaping mass attitudes toward outsiders and minorities. Specifically, an insufficient social safety net for the youth and labor market dualism lead to fear and anxiety among the Korean youth. In order to lessen vulnerability and insecurity that drive fear and anxiety among the Korean youth, more government’s actions are required to provide a facilitating environment for the Korean youth.