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2004, Vol.10, No.2

  • 1.

    A Study on the Spatial Composition for Rehabilitation Hospital

    정은영 | Teuk-Koo Lee | 2004, 10(2) | pp.7~18 | number of Cited : 6
    As a society advances and develops more rapidly, there is a corresponding increase in an aging population; and therefore, transportation and transportation needs develop in a complicated way. In these times, medical rehabilitation services are required and the demands for these services will increase as time passes. Moreover, the scope of disability as defined by the government has been expanded owing to the welfare policy for the disabled. Therefore, the number of disabled who require medical services is on the rise. Along with an increase in medical rehabilitation demands, the necessity for medical rehabilitation increases as well and its role becomes more diverse on a wider spectrum. However, architectural studies on rehabilitation facilities have been insufficient and there are many problems currently in facilities operations. This study aims to present a spatial organization system along with required space that would form the basis for the most effective spatial plan and facility operation for rehabilitation hospitals.
  • 2.

    A Study on the Architectural Planning of Spatial Composition in Charnel Facilities

    최진원 | Park,Jae-Seung | 2004, 10(2) | pp.19~27 | number of Cited : 0
    The purpose of this study is to the spatial composition of charnel facilities. The study method is as follow: First, To Examine existent research material about charnel house. Second, To Investigate controversial point of equipment and development direction through research the case of cremated human remains deposit rooms in 12 charnel houses constructed since 1990. So, to propose the planning direction of spatial composition based on the analysis results and utilize to basis data that is necessary in research of same kind hereafter.
  • 3.

    A Study on the Architectural Planning for Prevention of Nosocomial Infection in Intensive Care Unit

    김상복 | Yang, Nae-won | Honggi Kim | 2004, 10(2) | pp.29~37 | number of Cited : 5
    Recently the hospital infection with misappropriation of the antibiotic and absence of knowledge is aincreaseing trend. For this, medical treatment is confronting infection management guide. But so far there is no accurate standard or countermeasures. Since early 1990 Nosocomial Infection has not been looked over, although there is serious problem. After 90's understanding seriousness of Nosocomial Infection, many investigations have been done, but the relations of medical facilities were hardly investigated. This thesis shows the relation between facilities and Nosocomial Infection by documental references and the direction for intensive care unit through survey the recent general hospitals.
  • 4.

    A Study on the Development of Prototype for Residential Units in Nursing Homes for the Severe Illness

    Kwon, Soon-Jung | 오종희 | 2004, 10(2) | pp.39~49 | number of Cited : 8
    With its rapid modernization and unparalleled speed of aging, South Korea faces the need for dramatic increase in its supply of nursing homes. Among the spacial components of nursing homes, residential units are considered as an essential part because the older person in nursing homes usually spend most of their time in residential units and the nursing homes are mainly composed of various residential units. It is necessary, therefore, to prepare a guideline for the plan of residential units in order to design the healthy and efficient nursing homes. This paper has first identified the concept of residential unit and analyzed 66 cases in the 62 nursing homes from 4 countries. And 4 nursing homes in Korea have been surveyed for the in-depth study. On the basis of this analysis, architectural prototypes of residential units have been proposed and the architectural characteristics of them have been compared analytically.
  • 5.

    The Study of Introducing the Screen Door in Subway Station

    김상운 | Ki-Chang Seong | Kang Pyoung Keun | 2004, 10(2) | pp.51~58 | number of Cited : 3
    In this paper, the problem of subway platform is analyzed and the alternative as a screen door is suggested. This paper aims to improve the facility law in subway platform. Because facility law related to platform is absent, the study scope is limited to detail design that is matched to rules. Field survey is performed to 300 persons that are 150 men and 150 women in Shingil station in which the screen door is established. Also the persons are used the screen door at least 3 times. It makes the field survey credible. The study is proceeded as follows ; First, the law related to platform, the problem of platform, and the plan and status of screen door are analyzed. Second, the definition, and composition of screen door are examined. Then, kinds of screen door is analyzed and the advantage and disadvantage of each kind of screen door are compared. Third, the necessity of establishing the screen door is examined through field survey and error range of stop position is investigated. Through this flow, final results is abstracted. Direction of facility related to subway platform, applied objective and range are suggested based on this study. This study focuses the stability of platform, pleasantness, and energy saving and suggests facility improvement direction through introducing the screen door and further study.
  • 6.

    A Study on the Re-structuring Strategies of Korean Healthcare Facilities for Reinforcing it's Competition Power in the Emerging Global Healthcare Market

    Choi, Kwangseok | 2004, 10(2) | pp.59~70 | number of Cited : 0
    This study aims to present the re-structuring strategies of healthcare facilities in Kwang-ju and Jon-nam province for it's competition power in the emerging global health care market. Kwang-Ju city and Jon-nam province have had difficulties in building a balanced healthcare system because of rapidly declining population, weakened healthcare infra-structure and geographical problems of healthcare supply by numerous islands.Now, Kwang-Ju city and Jon-nam province try to be a core place of economy and culture in the west-south asia. To do so, it is fundamentally necessary to reform their current social structure including healthcare system in large scale. This Study presents the current conditions and the problems of healthcare environment in these areas.
  • 7.

    The Effect of Layout Type of the Housing on Wind Flow Planning for Healthy Environment in Multi-Family Housing

    조철희 | Teuk-Koo Lee | 2004, 10(2) | pp.71~82 | number of Cited : 4
    The purpose of this study is to analyze the wind velocity ratio in respect of layout types of housing in multi-family housing. The wind velocity ratio is a difference of wind velocity between on the leeward and on the windward side of multi-family housing. The layout types of housing are grid layout pattern of linear type, mixture pattern of Linear type + tower type and layout pattern of tower type. The planning of wind flow is an induced technique to increase in wind velocity in the city and multi-family housing. This study investigates wind velocity ratio into layout types of housing. consequently, analysis were basic design data for the planning techique of wind flow suggested.
  • 8.

    A Study on the Caracteristics of Unit Care from Welfare Facilities for the Aged in Japan

    이재모 | 2004, 10(2) | pp.83~89 | number of Cited : 4
    The purpose of this study is to gain basic data for operating our country's welfare facilities for the aged by understanding the characteristics of unit care which has been developed in Japan's welfare facilities for the aged. To do this, the theological study through literature and the case studies through field survey on two welfare facilities for the aged in Japan were conducted. As a result, the characteristics of construction in the hardware side and the characteristics of practice in the software side were sorted and organized.
  • 9.

    A Study on the Space Planning of the Childcare Facilities in Apartment Complex

    Lee Min Ja | Park,Jae-Seung | 2004, 10(2) | pp.91~98 | number of Cited : 2
    Low birth rate problem in Korea has been mainly derived from the increasing number of female employment and the change of consciousness of female. According to the recent report, some other causes of low birth rate are from the difficulty of using childcare facilities with quality services and the relative lack of quantities of the facilities. The basic principle of childcare includes protection, education, nutrition, safety, service to parents, and correlation with community. Childcare has been deemed to be the social system even to guarantee the parents' right of work. Even though a lot of progress has been made in childcare facilities by changes for a long period of time, the research on the actual condition shows that there are relatively little changes of the space organization of the childcare facilities reflecting characteristics of community and developmental characteristics of infants and children. Now a days it has been appeared as a social problem that childcare has to be needed as a part of systematic education program for such an important infant era
  • 10.

    A study on the Composition of Rehabilitation Center for the Disabled with the Change of Welfare Center

    Lee, Hyowon | JOOSEOKJOONG | 박산돌 | 2004, 10(2) | pp.99~106 | number of Cited : 10
    This study attempts to provide the fundamental materials for space program in terms of planning a senior welfare center by means of examining and analyzing the present conditions of spatial arrangement of each section in senior welfare center for the aged. The results of the study are as in the following. 1) The demand for new service programs corresponding to the improved quality of the elderly and various social desires is relatively on the increase. Each program in senior welfare center for the elderly should be connected in an organic manner and the organization of space should be provided. 2) The section of counseling, the first step when using a welfare center, should be located in the entrance of the building and it has to be closely connected with other section. 3) The section of medical rehabilitation is a place mostly for the elderly in their frail physical condition; therefore, it is effective to use horizontal line. 4) It is important for the room for volunteers in the section for domiciliary welfare to be arranged flexibly with the office or the room for social education, and it is necessary to consider how easy daytime or short-term care is accessible. 5) The space where dynamic programs are progressed in the section of social education should be distinguished from the section of medical rehabilitation or the room for daytime care and the room for short-term care of the section of domiciliary welfare.
  • 11.

    Design Criteria in Barrier Free Housing

    김상운 | Kwang-jae Park | Kang Pyoung Keun | 2004, 10(2) | pp.107~115 | number of Cited : 5
    In this paper, the all units of residential housing that is not legislated in facility development law are analyzed and foreign design criteria that is related to barrier-free unit housing is comparing to domestic. Through the comparison in front door, living room, bathroom, bedroom, and kitchen, this paper aims to suggest internal barrier-free design criteria. This paper is limited to internal housing which are front door, living room, bedroom, bathroom, and kitchen. Also, the objectives of facility development law are U.S, Japan, German, and in case of U.S, UFAS is established by ADA, in Japan, Heart Building law and detail standard drawing are used, in German, DIN is used. The objective of domestic case study is the latest residential housings that are built over 2003. The flow of study is as follows ; First, the internal items of residential housing are abstracted, and each item is checked in facility development law that is legislated in. Next, through comparison of domestic and foreign facility development law related to housing, common items are abstracted and detail standards are defined. Domestic residential housings are analyzed in those standards. Finally, the problems that is the result of analysis are analyzed and the barrier free design criteria is abstracted in unit housing. Also, more developed items and future study are suggested.
  • 12.

    A Study on the Spatial Composition of Rehabilitation Center for the Disabled with the Change of Welfare Paradigm

    Lee, Hyowon | JOOSEOKJOONG | 2004, 10(2) | pp.117~124 | number of Cited : 4
    In this study, some methods for the organization of space in the welfare center for the disabled are suggested corresponding to the change of welfare paradigm for the disabled, by means of investigating and analyzing the existing organization of space, division of the areas and relevant programs. The results of the study are as follows. 1) The method of the spatial organization in the welfare center for the disabled is divided largely into an area of the welfare complex center used as a facility of uses and an area of the controlling center that manages and makes use of domiciliary welfare. 2) The division of counselling and management is the center for the aforementioned two areas. This division occupying the minimum space in the welfare center has to be expanded. Besides, the space for the volunteers for ‘domiciliary welfare’ is necessary. This can be administered synthetically along with the room for volunteers in the division of social rehabilitation. 3) It is necessary for the division of medical rehabilitation to have a common waiting area due to its close connection with other treatment rooms. It should be recommended to have it in the water treatment room. It is required to have a parents' waiting area in the treatment room for child rehabilitation. 4) In case of the division of educational rehabilitation, the daytime care center should be closely related to the division of medical rehabilitation. Meanwhile, the classrooms after school have a limited use so that they can be shared with the room for female rehabilitation in the division of social rehabilitation. 5) It is in reality for the division of social rehabilitation to have an expanded area of domiciliary welfare. The room for volunteers for domiciliary welfare should be arranged, too.
  • 13.

    A Study on the Characteristic of Staircase for Barrier-Free Architectural Environment

    Ki-Chang Seong | 2004, 10(2) | pp.125~133 | number of Cited : 2
    Safety, accessibility and distinguishment as the concept of architectural planning and design are demanded in staircases due to increase of the old aged people and disabled people's enlarged social participation. In this research is tried to provide the importance of vertical walking function at the design for the staircases. For this reason, structural elements of the staircases are studied in the ergonomic aspect for barrier-free environment and a comparative study is made on the regulations of the staircases in the inside and outside of the country in disabled & aged people's view. Based on this study, the quality of the staircases in public facilities and Apartments is analyzed. As the result, it has been proved that the vertical walking function of the staircases is the most fundamental characteristic of the staircases design before everything else.