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2007, Vol.13, No.2

  • 1.

    A Study on the Behavior of Using the Resting Spacein the Wards of General Hospitals in Korea

    지혜진 | Yang, Nae-won | 2007, 13(2) | pp.7~18 | number of Cited : 8
    Abstract
    The most recent study of the hospital design indicates that the researchers focus more on creating the healing environment within the hospital facility. Furthermore, it demonstrates the environment of individual living space for patients such as hospital wards becomes much more significant. This study seeks to analyze how various configurations and compositions of the resting space in the general hospital in Korea affect on patients in the aspect of healing environment and its treatment provided within the facility. The behavior of patients and their family members are analyzed thru the observation and the surveying process in order to find out the level of satisfaction and their demand for the healing environment in the resting space such as day-rooms, corridors and external garden. Finally, the purpose of this study is to create the principles of architectural composition for the healing environment in the hospital design.
  • 2.

    A Proposal for the Unit Remodeling Considering the Elderly

    홍유석 | Haeseong Je | Kwon, Soon-Jung | 2007, 13(2) | pp.19~26 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract
    As a result of rapid aging speed in our society, it is necessary to supply a lot of housing for older people in near future. When we think that high portion of residence in rental housing complex composed of small units is the elderly, the housing units in those apartments have to be designed for the physical, mental, social, and economical conditions of elderly people who lives in such a residential complex. Considering these living conditions of the elderly, this study proposes a remodeling prototype of a living unit for older people in rental housing complex. For the research of this topic, various characteristics of the elderly and the environmental requirements for them firstly have been analysed from the literature survey and the interviews with two residents living in a rental apartment. And the design considerations for each space of the housing unit such as entrance, living room, bed room, bath room, and so forth have been explored. Based on the design guidelines above, the remodeling plan of a housing unit for older people has been propose as a result of this study. ─────────────────────────────────────────────────키워드 : 노인단독세대, 임대아파트, 리모델링
  • 3.

    A Study on the Wayfinding Model of Outpatient Department in General Hospital

    Han,Gi-Jeung | Teuk-Koo Lee | 2007, 13(2) | pp.27~36 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    Recently, hospital patients experience anxiety, confusion, and stress about wayfinding as the spacial layout and treatment circulatory system of hospitals have become complicated due to their oversized and complex structure. As part of finding a solution to the problem, this study seeks to examine what are the essential elements of the wayfinding planning of O.P.D. in general hospitals, to develop the model of wayfinding, and to suggest the methods of improving the wayfinding system. The research methods of this study adopted were literature review in wayfinding cognition, plan analysis of ten general hospitals, space analysis of these hospitals through space syntax, analysis of the system of visual-perceptual information through a field study, and analysis of surveys and follow-up surveys conducted to support the results.Based on these results, the proposals for finding decision points, providing the information, and developing a model planning are listed as follows.1) The comprehensive understanding of O.P.D. spacial layout and the visual-perceptual information system is necessary to find the essential elements of wayfinding. 2) The decision points are found through the full understanding of spacial functions, circulation systems, and facility configuration, considering the spacial layout, the bound of the visual-perceptual information system, and the circulatory system. Furthermore, the information decision points could be confined by space syntax.3) The checklist and color compound & color codes, developed through the planning of signage system and color system could be applied to the methods of providing the information.4) The planning of wayfinding system according to the whole process of practices for outpatients was mentioned above. The system of visual-perceptual information developed through the process of this study should be integrated in the spacial layout of the whole O.P.D.
  • 4.

    A Research Study on the Planning of the Rehabilitation Section in Geriatric Hospital

    Soojin Yun | Chai, Choulgyun | 2007, 13(2) | pp.37~44 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    Rehabilitation medicine is an area which tries to help people who have physical inconvenience in everyday activities to live like healthy people as much as possible by training programs. As society gets more advanced and as the standard of living continuously rises, the need of the "Rehabilitation medicine" is also increasing. Also as we are entering into the aging society, especially geriatric rehabilitation medicine is getting more and more attention as a method to maintain the healthy lives of the elders. However, the standards related to medical care space for rehabilitation medicine is not thoroughly prepared. Although requirement for geriatric hospital is increasing, the standard of geriatric hospital is not following up to regulate them properly. Therefore, in this study, I will propose a‘suitable planning’needed in geriatric rehabilitation by analyzing the rehabilitation sections of 5 general hospitals and 1 geriatric hospital.
  • 5.

    A Study on the Design Trends of Hospital Architecture by Analyzing Block Plans of 7 Best Korean Hospitals

    Choi, Kwangseok | 2007, 13(2) | pp.45~52 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract
    Hospital Architectures in Korea are continuously erected to old-fashioned design, such as a large self-sufficient, but cost-inefficient hospital, in spite of rapidly changing social and healthcare environment. However, changes are slowly coming from inside of itself.This paper analyzed block plans of 7 best Korean hospitals which constructed in recent 20 years in aspects of the purpose of erection, departmental composition, areal composition, mass design and functional zoning of block plans and then, presented the directions of new design trends of hospital architecture in Korea. It is anticipated that hospital architecture will change immensely in the enlarging process of these minor changes.
  • 6.

    A Study on the Spatial Organization of Outpatient Department in General Hospital

    손재원 | Teuk-Koo Lee | 2007, 13(2) | pp.53~60 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract
    Various changes in medical environments including growing elderly population, chronic diseases, deepening competition among hospitals since opening to foreign medical service, economic strategy for improvement of profit system have caused hospitals to be specialized. In this backgrounds, the purpose of this study is to receive basic data for architectural planning on the spatial organization of outpatient department in general hospital.The results of this study were as follows; First, major changes of outpatient department in general hospital are composed of 'co-work in medical examination and treatment', 'decentralization of diagnosis and treatment(D/T)' and 'patient-oriented medical service'. Changes by co-work system include appearance of medical offices for co-work, activation of specialized clinics, grouping of E/T section for outpatient and various types of specialized centers. Second, the grouping of E/T sections means the modification of E/T system and organization in general hospitals, and a new spatial organization will be needed. Third, the types of specialized centers are getting varied. they are classified into several types including disease-resource, social stratum-resource, human organ-resource, health-resource, rehabilitation-resource, alternative medical center and so on.