Today, as proved in many foreign developed countries, the concept of ‘Aging in Place’ is the most desirable goal of welfare policy for an aging society. While multi-family housing is the most representative form of residence in Korea, it has not actively reflected convenient space lay-out for the elderly and barrier-free designs. As a foundation for the planning of elderly-friendly multi-family housing, this study suggested the comparative analysis of the five domestic design guidelines for elderly housing so as to apply the elderly-friendly flexibility for apartment units. In result, the most importantly treated items and factors of the silver house guidelines were analyzed, and based on which ten unit houses of domestic apartment housing were evaluated in order to find out the most barrier-like spaces and factors for the present domestic apartment housing to reflect flexibility as elderly housing. Finally, the way to resolve the problem was suggested as a conclusion.
Recently, the service for nursing home has been transforming in an overall way, and along with that, the supply of the recuperation facilities for the elderly has been expanding. However, the quantitative expansion of those facilities has not been accompanied by the qualitative supply. In consideration of those shortcomings of the existing facilities, it may be necessary to ensure an improvement in qualitative terms.
This study investigated and analyzed the Nursing home, examined the current situation, reconsidered the state of recuperation facilities for the elderly as part of effort to prepare for the silver society, and present measures for improvement in an attempt not to repeat mistakes that have been observed in the existing facilities in planning Nursing home that will be open and built in the upcoming days, which aimed to provide basic data that can be used in the future and explore the direction of relevant design.
Population of senior citizens in Korea has been on the increase rapidly through decrease in population by falling birth rate and extension the average life span by development of medical technology and improving people`s standard of living. As the booming population of senior citizens, it has appeared to problems of the elderly such as protection, health and supporting and welfare facilities for the elderly have increased there but it leaves something to be desired at plan and improvement of qualitative environment which the elderly's living space. It attaches importance to valuate about nursing homes such as management, quality of service, manufacture of physical environment and so on, so it is required to consider the elderly's emotion on environmental valuation. Healing environment that is a important fact of indoor environment operates powerfully upon the nursing homes as well as general medical facilities. It needs to healing environment for the elderly's physical health and mental stable life, we should know importance of healing environment that affects the elderly's health and life. The elderly have experienced physical, mental, and social changes with advancing years. The people who use the nursing homes are the elderly. We should find fact of healing environment as the elderly's characteristics and have to find healing environment that gives aid to the elderly's health in the nursing homes. In care for the elderly is not house care, it has focused on the elderly's health for improving their life and leading comfortable life.
Studies about architectural planning for elderly residences have been carried out to examine various factors including the unit plan, site planning, and size planning. However, no studies have been undertaken that focus on the residents’ daily life patterns.
This study offers the design guidelines to support the daily life patterns of the elderly through the planning of elderly housing. For this study, elderly residents in Tokyo, Yokohama etc. in Japan were interviewed and surveyed.
The results indicate that the changes to the daily life patterns of the residents living in elderly housing are the reduction of household, the increase of free time, and the change of social relationships. The elderly want to utilize their free time and focus on their social relationships. However, the elderly residences that we surveyed pay no consideration to social spaces and programs for their residents except for the cafeteria. To support the daily life patterns of the elderly, elderly housing should set a high value on the location, shared spaces, and unit plans of the residences in order to consider the personal diversity of the residents. Accessibility to public transportation systems and facilities should to be considered in the initial location planning. The revitalization of the public spaces should to be considered during the architectural planning stage. Considerations of personal taste during the unit planning stage are also necessary.
This study reviewed the background of the advent of and the concept of age-integrated facilities where elderly persons' facilities and children’s facilities have been built in the same plot or building or established adjacent to each other. And also it examined the concept, necessity, effects, and kinds of intergenerational interactions.
Ten age-integrated facilities in Japan, where it is reported that intergenerational interactions are now being implemented, were selected and visited for surveys. This study implemented interviews with staff members and analyses of the drawings of the facilities to grasp the present state of age-integrated facilities and their plan types, etc. Through analyses of relationships between intergenerational interactions and the spaces in which these take place, this study discusses guidelines for space arrangement and for developing interaction space plans for age-integrated facilities that would facilitate intergenerational interactions.
This study has been started in order to provide basic information for the planning of Korean elderly care facilities by analysing For-profit elderly homes of Japan. Japan is famous for her high elderly proportion and also her fast aging speed. Therefore, Japanese experiences of trials and errors related to the supply of elderly homes will be a good guideline for Korea which is undergoing the sharp increase in elderly population. Data have been mainly collected from the official statistics of Japan and Korea. The outcomes of this study are as follows. At first, the definition of For-profit elderly homes of Japan has been proposed clearly. Secondly, the trends of them related to supply and operational characteristics have been analysed. Thirdly, the size and utilization rate of them have been analysed. And finally, the physical characteristics of elderly residences in For-profit elderly homes of Japan have been discussed.
This study is to understand the situations of special education classroom layout, find differences according to school levels and summarize the findings in order to build up the indicators for special classroom layout.
As for elementary school level, special classrooms are using multi-purposes desk or group desk for diverse activities such as basic learning and formation of basic life practice. The most frequent type in classroom layout is Type E which is for diverse coner-learning and play activities and the next is Type C which secures activity space. Because security of dynamic activity which most teachers find problematic is important, it needs more research to secure dynamic activity space within classroom.
As for middle school level, the most frequent type in classroom layout is Type B which is equiped for computer aided learning and the next is Type C which secures activity space. Research for systematic layout of activity space is needed in order to secure the spaces of dynamic activity and basic job training.
As for high school levels, mostly Type B which emphasizes computer activities is adopted and next is Type F which is capable for job training.
The survey about the size of special education classroom proves that most teachers want one and half size classroom which in not such a large classroom. It is expected that more systematic research of special classroom layout according to school levels may reach for rational space layout.