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2010, Vol.16, No.2

  • 1.

    A Study on the Archtectural Planning Compared with Space for Before and After Remodeling of General Hospitals in Korea

    이주영 | 김상복 | Yang, Nae-won | 2010, 16(2) | pp.7~15 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract
    An early stage of general hospital in Korea was the quantitative growth period. Remodeling has been required to meet the increasing medical demands. To accept the change of paradigm and management operation method, remodeling occurred from the 20th century. Remodeling plans are difficult to define the direction of the detailed plan due to various factors in the beginning of the construction, Therefore, it is necessary to analyze the possibility and limitation of a feasible remodeling plan of general hospitals through the comparison of existing hospital before remodeling and after the remodeling takes effect. A comparison of the researched hospital's blue prints before and after the remodeling and recently built hospital's blue print, analyzed characteristic of the space variation by the remodeling. The purpose of research is to confirm a possibility and limitation of remodeling of general hospitals comparing with merits and faults of extension, reconstruction, and construction. In conclusion, the area of remodeling hospitals increase mostly medical department(ward, outpatient department, inpatient department) and subsidiary facilities, but the area of ward and inpatient department are less than the new hospitals. Especially, public area is greatly increased by the diversification of corridor function. Also, remodeling hospitals represent a limitation to plan departments in need of equipment-intensive space. To address this problem, expansion space is used mainly with inpatient department and existing space is placed mainly with low-impact department by equipment ; outpatient department, administration department.
  • 2.

    A Study on the Design Guidance for Remodeling Small and Medium Hospitals into Nursing Homes in Korea

    박현준 | ChoiSangHun | 2010, 16(2) | pp.17~28 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract
    The considerable increase of the elderly with dementia is expected annually and when we think about the family members' and the patients' suffering, it could be painful. Above all things, it imposes heavy economic burdens on the family members that have patients who suffer from diseases of age like dementia or paralysis that caring them at home and also, it is not desirable for those old people in point of physical or environmental circumstances for medical care. Thus, it is needed urgently that the expansion of specified facilities and improvement of services for these old people. Under this present condition, it is the special feature that the subject of research is people/facilities that offer services, not the elderly with dementia-the main user of those facilities. This proposal aims to make a study of expansion and improvement the old people's welfare facilities by using remodeled closed Small and Midium Hospitals which are the bad effect of economic growth. Also, it can save money with re-using abolished buildings which is property of the nation and protect environment too. In this study, We examine the present conditions of old people's welfare institution, and research a factor of remodeling for welfare facilities. Then we will verify remodeling-possibility which is concrete and working by using the product of this study.
  • 3.

    Comparative Analysis of domestic and foreign Convenience Facilities Laws for the Barrier-free Environment Construction

    윤영삼 | 강병근 | Ki-Chang Seong | 2010, 16(2) | pp.29~36 | number of Cited : 14
    Abstract
    Recently, the system that can eliminate discrimination and barrier to disabled, ensure the substantial independence of disabled and help participation in community of disabled is required. Therefore, the purpose of this study is 'construction of the Barrier-free environment' which members of societies included the disabled can live safely in the daily living environment. To achieve this result, this study is shown establishment and complementary direction of the policy related convenient facilities by comparing between domestic and international policy of the convenient facilities. The results of this study are as follows; Firstly, among the conflicting part between related laws and design standards shold be constantly supplemented. Secondly, policy to promote convenient in residential part is needed. Thirdly, composition of the organization that can support professional housing reconstruction is required. Fourthly, from early stage of policy making, not only opinion reflection of users but also maintenance of convenient facilities, continuous maintenance plan and making a policy for verification system is needed. Finally, when the revision of the existing policies or new policies undergo, 'Barrier-free perspective' should be considered.
  • 4.

    A Study on the Characteristics of Healing Space of Children Medical Facilities

    김혜연 | Kim, Kwang Ho | 2010, 16(2) | pp.37~45 | number of Cited : 10
    Abstract
    This study is the analysis of characteristics of hospital space for the holistic healing environment of children on the basis of the healing theory on emotion of Max Lüscher and the healing theory on senses of Rudolf Steiner of the overseas children's hospitals. According to the theory of Rudolf Steiner, children make comprehensive advancement of physical, spirit and soul through the interaction of 12 senses. In addition, Max Luscher asserts that the psychological health can be maintained when the 4 emotional status in content, confidence, self-esteem and liberty make the balance. The 4 elements of Luscher have correspond with spatial expression elements for refuge, flow, prospect and void, and this is analyzed in conjunction with the eight kinds of behavior affordance of ying and yang (-, +) that helps our the advancement of 12 senses of Steiner. WORK & STUDY(+), REST(-), MOBILITY(+), VISUAL SEQUENCE(-), SOCIAL EXCHANGE(+), REFRESHMENT(-), COMMUNITY(+) and MEDITATION (-) would be the 8 kinds of behavioral affordances to make the healing environment as presented in this study and the case analysis for children's hospitals have been undertaken.
  • 5.

    A longitudinal study on the professional architects' recognition about the architectural knowledge assets of healthcare design

    Kim Duk-Su | 2010, 16(2) | pp.47~54 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    This paper is a longitudinal study, comparing survey results between two time periods. A previous survey was conducted in 1999. After 10 years of the first survey, the second survey was conducted while utilizing the same questionnaire. A list of membership of Korea Institute of Heallthcare Architecture was used as a sampling frame. At the first survey in 1999, questionnaires of 27.3 percentage were returned, and 15.5 percentage in the 2008 survey. Healthcare design is one of the highly specialized design types in architecture. In addition, it is demanded highly specialized knowledge to solve healthcare design problems. As a professional service firm(PSF), architectural firm utilizes knowledge assets to provide design service to clients. Specialized knowledge in question is one of the core assets of PSF. The knowledge generates competitive advantages and plays an effective role as a marketing tool for PSF. However, empirical studies dealing with the knowledge characteristics of specialized design(healthcare) firms were hardly found. Thus, this study aims to trace the professional architects' perception of knowledge demands for task performance and architectural knowledge assets. The results can be used as a reference when a specialized firm in healthcare design initiates to build knowledge assets in it.
  • 6.

    A Study on the Change of Area Resulted of Welfare Facilities on the High-Care degree Elderly in Japan

    박영철 | Park,Jae-Seung | 2010, 16(2) | pp.55~64 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    The Japanese elderly welfare policy has focused on facility policy for the aged and preventive care service for healthy elderly people. This paper has conducted a comparative analysis on Geriatric Gealth Services Facility and Special Nursing Home for the Elderly. For this, each service function has been divided into six categories; daily life / nursing and caring / medical service / management / supply / miscellaneous. Then the change in real structure by category has been analyzed through a plan analysis on case facilities. In the Geriatric Health Services Facility, the biggest change was observed in 'livelihood' among six categories. In the Special Nursing Home for the Elderly, 'the nursing and care parts' and 'medical service part' are decreased since 1999. At that time, the facilities started to be individualized and divided into a unit. To pursue home-like care instead of unit care, there was a change in construction planning to help the aged with dementia live a self-sufficient life.
  • 7.

    A Study on the Design Strategy for Large Scale Extension of General Hospital

    김상복 | Yang, Nae-won | 2010, 16(2) | pp.65~75 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    Space transformation of hospital architecture happens more rapidly than other types such as school and office buildings. This requirement is caused by medical demand, service transformation, technical development and equipment changes. Grand scale extension and rapid change in hospital architecture affects whole planning; therefore, it is important to design in the macro perspective such like Life Cycle. Grand scale extension is difficult process to rebuild growth and transfer of hospital architecture and to adapt to the future change. That's why simple planning gives limits to some departments in a short-term and brings another reform such as more extension or interior renovation in a long-term. This study surveys various space transformation and grand scale extension of EB hospital extended recently, and it is to find planning condition in extension.