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2010, Vol.16, No.3

  • 1.

    The Study on the Historical Development of Japanese Social Security System in view of the Elderly - From the Concept-Formation Period for Social Secuiry of 1946 to the Implementation of Nursing Care Insurance of 2000 -

    이정남 , Yon, Cheol-Jae | 2010, 16(3) | pp.7~18 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study is to derive periodical characteristics of the policy for the elderly in Japan by investigating the changes of social security system. The target period of 1946~2000 in Japan was divided into 3 periods for the understanding of periodical characteristics in the focuses of medical, welfare and pension system for the elderly; establishment of concept for the social security and welfare of Japan(1946,1950), appearance of social security system and the elderly problem(to late 1960's), infra construction for aging society(to late 1980's), development and reappraisal of practical policy for the elderly(to late 1990's). It is expected that this paper could provide basic data for the elderly-related policy making in our country.
  • 2.

    A Study on the Organization of the Medical Service Network for the Elderly in Germany

    Choul-Gyun Chai | 2010, 16(3) | pp.19~26 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    Germany became a super-aged society which has the number of people aged 65 or older reached 19 percent of population in 1997. Similarly, there is a tendency in Korea to increase the number of older people coupled with an increase in the number of households of the senior citizen who lives alone due to a rapid change of family unit. Research on geriatric in Germany is being carried out in many different ways, like medical, welfare, and social aspects because of the fact that Germany is in the middle of a super-aged society. Therefore, analysis and evaluation of elderly care facilities in Germany will be used as a fundamental resource for overall planning of elderly care and welfare facilities which are expected to grow demand dramatically.
  • 3.

    A Case Study on Extension Design of Seoul National University Bundang Hospital

    Pak Sungsine , Chang-Ho Moon | 2010, 16(3) | pp.27~35 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    Recently general hospitals in Korea have been actively remodeled. Remodeling is required to extend the hospitals' area and to meet the new medical demand. Eventually it aims for achieving ideal healing environment. Seoul National University Bundang Hospital has also developed the schematic design to open the new hospital in 2012. This large scale of extension is the first step in its expected remodeling cycle. It is essential for the extension of hospital to create an architectural system on the basis of function, and to keep the balance with both the existing buildings and natural context simultaneously. To connect the existing hospital and the new hospital, a hospital street should be designed to make it function as a main pedestrian spine. Space design marketing of general hospital is effective in promoting the hospital image. It can be realized by emphasizing hospital identity through combining cultural program and commercial facilities. Developing hospital design should be encouraged under the EBD (Evidence Based Design) concept spread in USA.
  • 4.

    A Study on the Spatial Organization Methods of O.P.D & the Construction of Healing Environment on O.P.D Waiting Area in Children's Hospital in Seoul Metropolis

    김건형 , Park,Jae-Seung | 2010, 16(3) | pp.37~48 | number of Cited : 17
    Abstract
    This study analyzes the present condition of the elements of a healing environment of the waiting rooms in outpatient clinics of children’s hospitals (3 hospitals in Seoul) so as to propose a design to build a healing environment within the children’s hospital. And analyzing the importance, satisfaction and preference of the healing environment in the waiting rooms, this paper has come to the following conclusions: 1)The study shows that the space structure of outpatient clinics in children’s hospitals are composed of 1 story or 2 stories and designed in a duplication design or a dispersed alcove design. 2)The waiting room of the SC Hospital, with an area of 66.56㎡, and the waiting room of the SU Hospital, with an area of 38.78㎡ received the highest score for its space. 3)As most patients visit the hospital with their guardian, the waiting room should also be someplace families can rest and share information with others. 4)It is essential to build an environment that eliminates stress elements that patients may come to face by minimizing noise and elements that obstruct the view for mental stability. 5)The results show that those who took part in the survey preferred the following, respectively, healing environment design for the waiting room in the outpatient clinic at children’s hospital: Pleasantness>Easiness in finding one’s destination>Artificial materials>Natural materials>Environment like that at home>Co-promotion spaces>Space that supports the patients’ activities>Openness>Sociality>Safety/Security>Approachability and Privacy. The results also show that healing conditions respect these preferences.
  • 5.

    A Study on the Types and Supply of Elderly Housing in Japan

    Kwon, Soon-Jung | 2010, 16(3) | pp.49~56 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract
    In Japan, a lot of elderly housing types have been developed in order to meet various needs of the older person and the change of social situations. Elderly housings can be divided into three categories ; elderly housings for healthy older persons, elderly care homes for the healthy and elderly care facilities for the unhealthy. Elderly housings include public and private rental housings. Sometimes they can be designated only for the elderly. Elderly care homes for the healthy elderly include full fee charging elderly housing, elderly homes, low fee charging elderly homes and care houses. Elderly care facilities for the unhealthy elderly consist of full fee charging elderly care homes, group homes for the dementia, elderly health facilities, nursing homes, elderly hospitals, and so on. However "elderly care facilities" have been proved not to be efficient for the delivery of elderly welfare services nor satisfactory to the frail older person. Therefore, based on the concept of the "Normalization", daily services have been provided for the elderly in order that they can live at their own home in the community for themselves. As a result, Japan aims not only to reduce elderly welfare expenses but also to increase elderly users' satisfaction. Emphasis on non-institutionalization and in-home services, regional characterization, harmony between Hard and Soft, user oriented services, substantiality, universal design and so on are sought for the sake of those goals.
  • 6.

    The Study on the Current Characteristics of Healthcare and Welfare Policies for the Elderly in Japan - Focused on the Healthcare and Welfare Policies for the Elderly in 2000's -

    이정남 , Yon, Cheol-Jae | 2010, 16(3) | pp.57~67 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study is to investigate the current characteristics of healthcare and welfare policies in Japan focused on the related policies in 2000's. In Japan, with the perspectives of entering the super-aged society by 2005 and the movement of all of the baby boom generation into the elderly generation by 2015, more rapid progress to the aging society is expected. From this situation, Japanese government has developed diverse elderly-oriented strategies such as "structural reform of social security", "nursing care system" and "gold plan 21" in 2000's. However, most of the related researches targeted the period to early 2000's, excluding the papers about the individual policies. Recently in our country, many related policies have been developed such as the enforcement of "long term care insurance system for the elderly" by 5 year period reevaluations and the preparation for 2nd step of "Plan for Ageing Society and Population"(2011~2015). At this moment, the investigation on the related policies of Japan could give appropriate references to us, a late starter of aging society.
  • 7.

    A Study on the Current Situation and Distinct Features of the Housing Welfare Policy for the Elderly in Canada

    KIM TEA IL , 양건 | 2010, 16(3) | pp.69~79 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    Canada is a democratic country, yet it keeps a social democratic system in which the government is in charge of welfare of its people. And this is one of the most significant features about the country. Her public and private pension system has been effective since the 1920s, securing its people's fundamental income. In particular, the public medical system applies to its every citizen and performs its role. This system is called the National Medical System as well as 「MEDICARE」 named after its related law. However, there has been a significant change in the national medical and welfare policy due to the budget deficit. In other words, the policy was mainly implemented to welfare facilities in the past, but the policy changed to a welfare policy for the elderly with a concentration on the support for self-reliance of senior citizens since the reform. The purpose of this study is to provide data and implications for Korea through the analysis of the current situation and distinct features of the housing welfare system in Canada. This study has researched the literature on the subject with an analytic focus on three aspects that are the fundamental frame of the system, essential content (support for self-reliance and facility composition), and distinct features of the housing for the elderly. In other words, they are, first, how the fundamental frame of the housing welfare system for the elderly is composed; second, how the service for self-reliance welfare and facility service are composed; and third, what their scale and distinct spatial features of general houses for the elderly with self-reliance are. A comparative study was conducted in detail on courses and characteristics of the housing welfare system for senior citizens in Canada and the USA of North America. In particular, it reveals the scale and distinct spatial features of public houses for the elderly with self-reliance in British Columbia (BC) which is one of the main provinces of Canada.