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pISSN : 2733-8649 / eISSN : 2733-8657

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2011, Vol.17, No.2

  • 1.

    A Study on Proposal of Facility Standard by Research of Safety Accidents at Elderly Housing Welfare Facility

    유종옥 , Park,Jae-Seung | 2011, 17(2) | pp.7~16 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract
    The death toll of the elderly by accidents in 2007 takes 6.5% of total death toll. The lost income from this is estimated to be 17 trillion and 511 billion won. According to CISS of Korea Consumer Protection Board, the number of safety related accidents of the elderly at home in 2006 was 486 cases in 2006 and has gradually increased every year. This thesis created 115 guidelines at 14 spaces as facility evaluation index evaluating the aging friendliness of the facility and safety related accidents generated at elderly resident welfare facility, examined influence variables of safety related accidents with 191 elderly including demographic variable, physical skill variable, social psychological variable and facility environmental variables, and then verified relevance between safety accidents and each influence variable. As a result, it was verified through ANOVA test of SAS Package Program and x2- test that facility environmental variable would be closely related to the accident. In this regard, this study newly proposes the facility standards of aging friendly facility by supplementing them with contents and guidelines of facility evaluation table as ways to reduce safety related facility of the elderly.
  • 2.

    Research Trends of Healthcare and Welfare Facilities -An Assessment of Korea Institute of Healthcare Architecture Journal-

    김덕수 | 2011, 17(2) | pp.17~25 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    This study analyzes the research trends and evaluates the specialized characteristics of the journal of Korea healthcare architecture. Total 308 papers from 1995(Vol.1) to 2010(Vol.16) were analyzed by following seven criteria: (1) research focus by analyzing the key words of each paper; (2) research method(qualitative and quantitative research); (3) research nature(practical/prescriptive vs. theoretical/normative); (4) research target(healthcare, welfare, and others); (5) researcher characteristics(position, major, and numbers of author); (6) supported research(in-university, out-of-university, and out-of-pocket funds); and (7) international study. The research findings include followings. First, research focus lies in the function of healthcare and welfare facilities. Second, qualitative method is the dominant form of research. Third, practical/prescriptive research continuously increases. Fourth, research target is mainly a healthcare facility, while the research of welfare facility is increasing. Fifth, the considerable numbers of first author are graduate students. Sixth, out-of-university research funds increase. Finally, international studies related to Japan are mostly published.
  • 3.

    A Study on the Guideline of Classification of Healthcare Facilities in the Regulation

    윤우용 , Choul-Gyun Chai | 2011, 17(2) | pp.27~34 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    It is very important to justify the reasonable role of healthcare facilities in the law in order to provide considerable medical services to the patient. Defining the right role of healthcare facilities makes it possible to build adequate Health Care Delivery System which might be helpful for the patient. However, the information of healthcare facilities in Korean law is so unclear that people are able to hardly understand what sort of proper medical service is for them. Furthermore, there is not enough regulation to differentiate each type of hospitals in the law. The result of this study is summarized into three points. Firstly, the current medical law does not reflect differences of function which each medical facility has. Secondly, the method of classification of healthcare facilities in the law disagrees with the Health Care Delivery System. Finally, there is no information on the type of sickbed in the law. Therefore, this study intend to analyze cause of problems which the law contains in order to be used for the fundamental resource for the healthcare facility planning
  • 4.

    A Methodological Consideration on the Evidence-Based Design related to Health Effects

    Sangchoong Min | 2011, 17(2) | pp.35~44 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract
    The aim of this study is to review the literature addressed the methodology to measure and evaluate the health outcomes as evidences for health benefits through the study on the healing environment, garden, therapeutic garden and viewing landscape and so forth. The research methods and measures used to assess health effects in the reviewed studies have applied in a different way ranged from quantitative methods (physical measures or quantitative observations) to qualitative methods (qualitative observations and surveys). In a literature review of research articles on the health outcomes have been found various research methods and measures used to assess health effects. This study will be concentrated mainly on methodological considerations in order to find the significant evidences related to evidence-based design (EBD). Future research should build the body of methodological knowledge to find more empirical evidences as sound scientific data and to improve the effectiveness of design interventions.
  • 5.

    Korean Pediatric Patients' Preferences for Patient Room Design

    박진규 , 박창배 | 2011, 17(2) | pp.45~52 | number of Cited : 7
    Abstract
    The visual sensory information in physical environments can induce or reduce occupants' stress. In healthcare settings, positive environmental stimulations can promote patient well-being by reducing their stress: poor health environments work against a patient's health. Changing the color in a patient room is an inexpensive process and thus finding better colors for healthcare settings is a cost effective method of improving healing environments. Color may have important implications for pediatric patients, but the investigation of Korean populations has been non-existent. The purpose of this study was to investigate Korean pediatric patients' color preferences for patient room design. The color preferences from 50 Korean pediatric patients were recorded and investigated for gender effects. A simulation method was used because of its reliability and feasibility, allowing for investigating the value of color in real contexts and controlling confounding variables. The overall color preferences from Korean pediatric patients showed that they preferred blue the most and white the least. Gender differences were found in red and purple. Girls preferred red and purple more than boys. The results from this study can help healthcare providers and designers better understand appropriate colors for Korean pediatric patient populations.
  • 6.

    Wayfinding Performance in an Outpatient Clinic -Focused on Outdoor Space from Driveway to Entrance-

    김덕수 | 2011, 17(2) | pp.53~59 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    본 연구는 미국 텍사스 주의 소도시에 있는 스캇 앤 화이트 클리닉의 외부공간을 대상으로 하여 외래환자와 방문객들이 직면하는 길찾기의 문제점을 분석한다. 연구의 공간적 범위는 클리닉의 외부공간으로 한정하여 진입도로에서 진입하여 주차한 후 출입구에 도달하는 경로에서 관찰되는 행태적 특성을 분석한다. 분석의 초점은 진입도로에서 이루어지는 경로선택의 결정과 그것이 클리닉에 진입하기 위한 출입구 결정에 미치는 영향관계에 둔다. 분석은 외부공간에서의 길찾기에 관한 기존 연구문헌을 참고하여 작성한 연구모형에 의해 이루어진다. 구체적으로 보면, 이용자들이 보이는 날씨, 성별, 그리고 나이에 따른 길찾기 행태의 차이를 클리닉의 남동측 출입구와 남서측 출입구에서 발생하는 이용자들의 하차 빈도를 측정하였다. 또한 하차의 위치를 행태 지도에 기록하여 연구모델에 나타나는 상관성을 분석하였다. 길찾기 행태분석 결과를 통해 파악된 외부 주차장에 주차한 후 클리닉에 접근하는 이용자들의 경로선택의 문제점과 클리닉의 입구 공간에서 하차한 이용자들의 입구선택에서 나타나는 문제점을 토대로 하여 외부공간에서 발생하는 길찾기 행위의 효율성을 증진시키기 위한 디자인 추천 사항을 다음과 같이 제시한다: (1) 시각적 단서를 제공하기 위해 남서쪽 출입구의 형태와 색채 차별화; (2) 도로에서 클리닉 진입공간에 위치한 안내판의 글자 크기 확대; (3) 학습된 길찾기 행태를 보조하기 위해 동쪽에 랜드마크 시설물 설치 및 목적 지점의 최종경관 개선; (4) 과도한 클리닉의 정보에 의해 감소되는 가독성을 고려하여 안내판의 정보 간략화; (5) 색채의 대조를 고려(출입구 벽에 설치된 클리닉의 이름이 갈색에 푸른색으로 설치되어 있어 색채의 대비가 낮아 가독성 떨어짐); (6) 클리닉 중앙 출입구의 하차 공간 상부에 설치된 캐노피 기둥의 과도한 크기에 의해 발생하는 가시공간의 감소에 의해 발생하는 하차 공간 사용의 혼잡 문제를 제거하기 위해 기둥규모 축소; (7) 하차점 6까지 캐노피를 확장하여 우천시에 발생하는 공간 사용의 문제점 제거; 그리고 (8) 올바른 하차공간 사용을 위해 진입 접근도로에 차선 설치.