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pISSN : 2733-8649 / eISSN : 2733-8657

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2012, Vol.18, No.3

  • 1.

    An Observation on Environmental Modification Behavior: Implications for University Apartments’ Design

    Kim Duk-Su | 2012, 18(3) | pp.9~17 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    본 연구는 미국 소재 T 대학교의 학생아파트를 대상으로 하여 창밖으로 보이는 외부 환경의 차이와 거주자의 환경조절 행태 사이의 관계를 분석하는 관찰연구로 진행되었다. 거주자와 거주환경간에 발생하는 부조화는 환경 스트레스의 한 원인이 된다. 이러한 환경 스트레스에 대한 대응 전략으로 거주자는 그들의 환경을 조정하곤 한다. 본 연구는 실내에서 식물을 키우거나 거주자의 취향에 따라 커튼을 교체하는 등의 환경조절 행태를 분석의 대상으로 한다. 창문과 현관 영역에서 발생하는 환경조절 행태의 정도를 비교 관찰하기 위해 군집형과 일자형으로 되어 있는 두 개의 배치 유형을 연구의 대상으로 선정하였다. 군집형 유형(cluster type: type A)은 상대적으로 도로에 가깝고 거실 창문의 조망이 다른 건물에 가로막혀 있으며, 일자형 유형(parallel type: type B)은 가로막고 있는 건물이 없어 자연경관을 거실 창문을 통해 조망할 수 있는 배치상의 두드러진 차이점이 있다. 관찰연구를 통해 군집형 유형에서 일자형 유형보다 더 높은 빈도로 식물 화분과 개별 커튼 등을 이용한 개인적 환경조절이 이루어진 흔적이 발견되었다. 이러한 결과는 창문을 통해 보이는 외부 경관의 특성이 거주자의 환경조절 행태에 미치는 영향의 정도를 암시하고 있다. 결론적으로 관찰연구에서 나타난 거주자의 환경조정 행태를 반영하여 디자인 고려사항을 제안하였다.
  • 2.

    A Study on the Characteristics of Residents’ Spatial Use of Common Space in Care House with Residential Units in Japan

    김선태 | 2012, 18(3) | pp.19~28 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    The purpose of this research is to suggest design direction about common space of small sized residential units for elderly housing in order to construct desirable residential environment. This research examines spatial composition and the residents’ behaviors in three different types of residential units at intervals of five minutes from 9:00 a.m. to 19:00 p.m.; and analyzes the characteristics of spatial use. The following is the result. The using rate of common space is influenced by the atmosphere of residential units more than healthy condition of the elderly; furthermore, the frequency of usage is also increasing highly as mush as forming the lively atmosphere. In order to form the animated residential environment, it is necessary to provide to various activities, such as cooking, eating, watching TV, leisure, hobby, rest, etc; and the space must plan encouraging relationship with other people. Moreover, it is required to consider to each of personal characteristics ingeniously, and manage to programs extending their durability in common space of elderly housing.
  • 3.

    Energy Consumptions and Daylight Illumination levels of a Multi-beded Patient Room according to the Window Shapes and Shading

    최창대 , Kwon, Soon-Jung , Sun Sook Kim | 2012, 18(3) | pp.29~39 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    Window and shading designs have a great influence on energy consumption and daylighting in buildings. As far as energy is concerned, small window area is advantageous. But it is not good to the patient healing in hospital. So it is important to find out the optimum window shape which is favorable for both energy consumption and patient healing. In this study, annual energy consumption and daylight illumination levels were analyzed according to the window shapes and shading devices for a multi-beded patient room in hospitals. The simulations were conducted for 19 different cases by COMFEN 4.0 computer simulation program. The results of this paper are as follows. First, window to wall area ratio and shading devices have great influences on annual energy consumption. But it is a problem in that they decrease significantly daylight level in bed room. Second, considering the same energy consumption, reducing the width of window rather than the hight of window is desirable for the secure of daylight level. Third, increase of the number of horizontal shade is not desirable in south face of the building for the energy consumption and daylight level. Fourth, sun shade is not necessary in north face of the building for the energy consumption and daylight level.
  • 4.

    A Study of Architectural Core Planning for Plan Types of General Hospital Wards

    HYUNJIN LEE , Park,Jae-Seung | 2012, 18(3) | pp.41~49 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    Most large-sized and tall-risen general hospitals of today fairly depend on in-patient wards in designing hospital styles. The core planning for the efficient movements of various people in the words should take into account the sustainable connections between/among the floors, as well as hospital structures and mechanical functions. This study sampled for the study 19 hospital in-patient wards and investigated their flat-core styles. It was found out that hospital structures are changing from symmetrical styles of triangles, quadrangles and rectangles through bending, configuring, transforming to efficient new styles. Symmetrically quadrangled flat-styles are made of multi-cores spread with main an sub-cores. In contrast,symmetrically triangled flat-styles place the open place in the middle in order to prevent from its deepening,and widened the depth line through changing the outdoor top point. Non-symmetrical rectangles minimized the depth value to maintain the recent styles used in the wards,and tended to prefer the transformed styles of quadrangles. The double-corridors easily transshaped from mono corridors reveals the triangled, W-shaped, or Y-shaped figures. The site area ratio of the cores is 11.95% in average. The number of beds which one elevator covers is 66.51 beds in average, and the size of site area which one elevator covers 216.68m. Most cores on the base floor clustered around the average value, <Smc> with more than 1000 beds shoes 12.83%, <Amc_e> does 12.93%, <Sev> does 14.64%, <Cmc-s> does 14.58%, which says that the core ratio increases according to hospital beds.
  • 5.

    Toward Seismic Enhancement of Medical Facilities in Korea

    김장훈 , Kwon, Soon-Jung , 이충재 | 2012, 18(3) | pp.51~59 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    Over a past century, the continuity in post-earthquake serviceability of medical facilities has been demonstrated to be essential for sustaining a society and/or a nation stable. However, not many countries including Korea have paid appropriate attention to such a lesson learned from the previous experiences of the countries located in high seismicity for various reasons, one of which may be the lack of social consensus in allocating a portion of the resources to the earthquake preparedness. As a result, an earthquake-related policy might have been pushed away out of the list of priority in the government agenda. Therefore, the present paper attempts to persuade the public general, experts and government officials together to seek a way to upgrade the seismic safety of the country a step forward by enhancing the seismic performance of medical facilities. For this the framework of seismic design codes and standards for medical facilities, and Californian experience in managing the seismic performance enhancement program and U.S.-Italian collaborative study to improve the seismic safety of Italian hospitals are reviewed. Finally, a list of further researches and practices to perform for seismic enhancement of medical facilities in Korea are suggested.