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pISSN : 2733-8649 / eISSN : 2733-8657

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2012, Vol.18, No.4

  • 1.

    A Study on the Change of Area and Space Organization Ratio of General Hospital Wards in Busan and Gyeongnam

    박병준 , Lee, Jang-Min | 2012, 18(4) | pp.7~16 | number of Cited : 2
    Purpose : The purpose of this study is to look into the change of area and space organization percentage of wards in main general hospitals in Busan and Gyeongnam. Method : Patient area, nursing area, service area, training area, common area were classified for functional space organization. Patient area was reclassified to bedroom and comfort area, and common area was reclassified into vertical circulation, horizontal circulation and facility area. Also, method of area calculation was chosen standard to wall center-lines following building act 911 and functional space area of each hospital was estimated and comparatively analyzed. Result : For hospitals completed before 2000, area ratio by functional space for patient area, nursing area, service area and common area showed 53.6%, 10.2%, 0.8%, and 35.3% respectively. For hospitals completed after 2000, area ratio by functional space for patient area, nursing area, service space, and common area showed 49.2%, 12.6%, 1.1%, and 37.2% respectively. Implications : Through this study, change of percentage of space organization of main general hospitals in Busan Gyeongnam can be understood. Also because most studies on area organization of general hospital wards were focused on the capital area, this study provides basic material for future studies related to area of general hospital wards in Busan Gyeongnam.
  • 2.

    A Study on Gender Difference in Assessing Emotional Design Characteristics of General Hospital’s Wards

    Son Yeo Rym , Hwang, Yeonsook | 2012, 18(4) | pp.17~27 | number of Cited : 3
    Purpose: This research was for understanding the attitudinal difference by gender towards emotional design through questionnaire survey with female and male inpatients on environmental characteristics of wards in general hospitals. Methods: The survey was conducted by questioning inpatients at two general hospitals on the importance rating on emotional design elements of patient rooms, lounges, and hallways. Eighty questionnaires were returned and used for data analyses through SPSS windows version 15.0 statistic package program. Results: 1) In general, female patients considered emotional design of wards as more important than male patients and the most outstanding difference was indicated for patient rooms among patient rooms, lounges, and hallways. For patient rooms the comfortability index was rated as the most important to both female and male inpatient groups, and for lounges and hallways the safety index was evaluated as the most important to both gender groups. 2)For lounges, while male patients rated ‘prevention of infection’ important among safety relating items, women considered ‘accident prevention’ more important. It is inferred that female patients have more safety needs and anxiety about physical injury or accidents than male ones do. Implications: It is considered that there need to be further succeeding in-depth studies, e.g. research interviews with inpatient;s family members or other caregivers as well as patients themselves.
  • 3.

    Usability Evaluation of Churches‘ Convenience Facilities for the Elderly - Focused on the Application of the Act on Convenience Promotion

    Jonghee Lee , Kim Duk-Su | 2012, 18(4) | pp.29~38 | number of Cited : 1
    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to generate empirical data regarding the usability of churches’ convenience facilities for the elderly, while categorizing church architecture as intermediate, inner, sanitation, and other facilities. The generated data can be used for renovating or upgrading the existing churches’ convenience facilities to match up the act on convenience promotion. Methods: Field studies were conducted for collecting the empirical data from 42 churches. Results: Specifically, intermediate and sanitation facilities were more urgent sections, needing serious improvement works for the elderly. In the inner facilities, 14 categories were counted as not-met(NM) or not-installed(NI) among total 26 categories. In the other facilities, 11 categories were found as not-met(NM) or not-installed(NI) among total 15 categories. Implications: The research results can be used as a checklist for the improvement of convenience facilities for the elderly in existing churches.
  • 4.

    Factors that Affect Decisions for Selecting Hospitals and Different Awareness - Focusing on Inpatient, Care-giver, Nurse in University Hospital using AHP

    Kim, Suktae , Oh, Chanohk | 2012, 18(4) | pp.39~51 | number of Cited : 9
    Purpose: Hospitals for patients and their guardians can, from the concept of healing, be removed from just gaining profits, but suggest a future-oriented direction for the hospital. Accordingly, there have been studies related to the selection of hospitals, but most were related to preference and satisfaction, and only recently did research from the concept of tradeoffs of factors for selection began to grow rapidly. Methods: From this context, this study evaluates the level of importance for factors of selecting hospitals using the analytical hierarchy process, and identifies the correlation with users, gender, age group, and outpatient features in order to identify the difference of awareness among different groups for selecting hospitals. In the factors for selection 26 factors in six categories were set through studies of preceding research, and after surveying 144 people, the following results were attained. Results: 1) The overall analysis results were found in the order of medical level, medical service, and fame, and low for facilities, which is similar to the cases of preceding studies. 2) For user analysis, it was similar between patients and guardians, but there was a slight difference in awareness among nurses, who are also medical service providers. Nurses showed relatively high level of importance in direct factors such as medical technologies and medical services, while guardians of patients showed higher importance in indirect factors such as facility environments and convenience. 3) Women showed higher assessments of importance levels in environmental factors, while men in physical factors. 4) The older the age group, the lower level importance there was on medical level, while the importance on fame reduced the further the commute to the hospital was.
  • 5.

    A Study on Traffic Line Efficiency of Health Examination Centers Based on Space Syntax - Focused on the Spatial Cognition of the Testee Taking the National Examination Program

    송승언 , Kim, Suktae | 2012, 18(4) | pp.53~65 | number of Cited : 7
    Purpose: With the increasing national interest in health, the number of health examination centers is growing rapidly, and it is growing as independent medical institutes separated from hospitals. With the growing functions and size of health examination institutes, considerations for testees, who are the most important users of the health examination centers, have taken the back seat. In particular, for health examination programs that take on a sequential traffic line, it is important to be aware of the space of each examination room, but the lack of a scientific evaluation method for this has resulted in great discomforts for testees using the health examination center. Method: Thus, this study proposes risk evaluation indices (RCF TCF, RC3, RR, ARR), and set a standard health examination program based on the national health examination program. This was applied to 11 different sized health examination centers to find their features, and together with identifying the trends of the indices, the following results were deduced. Result: 1) ARR showed a wide-range feature as the number of unit spaces increased, while RR were discovered regardless of the size, thus displaying local features. 2) The increase of ARR is affected more by internal factors in the health examination center than from outside factors. 3) By gender, when separating the basic health examination fields, the connective relation of the comprehensive health examination fields had a big effect on ARR. 4) By becoming larger, the fields of function become independent and the waiting space that results from it increases the number of total movement, so there is space for improvement in this.
  • 6.

    History and Activities of Korea Institute of Healthcare Architecture

    유영민 | 2012, 18(4) | pp.67~74 | number of Cited : 0
    Purpose: Since the establishment of Korea Society for the Study of Hospital Architecture, Korea Institute of Healthcare Architecture have carried out various activities to improve the level of healthcare architecture in Korea. Despite of more diverse activities than the beginning, the history and activities of early days of the Society and Institute could be forgotten and omitted. So this paper aims to describe accurately the process of establishment of Korea Society for the Study of Hospital Architecture and Korea Institute of Healthcare Architecture and the activities of the Society and Institute. Methods: Publications and documents issued by Korea Society for the Study of Hospital Architecture and Korea Institute of Healthcare Architecture have been surveyed. And to identify the unwritten activities, personal memo and interviews were also used. Results: The result of this study can be summarized into two points. The first one is that some of the unwritten and uncertain history and activities of the beginning of the KIHA could be identified. The second one is that not also the activities of Korea Society for the Study of Hospital Architecture and Korea Institute of Healthcare Architecture but the activities prior to the Society for the Study could be described. Implications: This research could be the basic data to arrange the history and activities of KIHA.
  • 7.

    A Study on the Space Composition and Area Planning of the Cardiovascular Center in General Hospital

    윤우용 , Choul-Gyun Chai | 2012, 18(4) | pp.75~87 | number of Cited : 0
    Purpose: As the nation is becoming an aging society, there is an increasing number of the patient who has Diseases of cardiovascular disease. So it is necessarily to build a facility which provides specialized health care. Methods: Field surveys to facilities and analysis to the floor plan have been conducted in order to suggest adequate architectural composition to the specialized cardiovascular center and the dimensions of rooms. Results: The result of this study can be summarized into six points which contain guide to how to organize the specialized cardiovascular center. One of the most important things in this study is to suggest the architectural type which provides efficient collaborating system between the outpatient and angiography unit. Implications: It can be said that this paper can be useful research material when the architect tries to plan the specialized cardiovascular center.
  • 8.

    A Study on Activation of Sports Activities for the Disabled in Public Sports Centers

    Ki-Chang Seong | 2012, 18(4) | pp.89~97 | number of Cited : 3
    Demands for sports activities for the disabled are continuously increasing. Although sports centers where the disabled available are compartmentalized into the disabled sports centers and the public sports facilities, in fact, sports activities for the disabled in the public facilities had limits. Therefore, this study draw current states, features and issue related spaces and programs of the public sports centers in order to seek ways to activate sports activities for the disabled. The results of the study as follows. Firstly, setting up the legal regulation about the disabled sports centers. Secondly, improvement the facilities considered the disabled's characteristic. Thirdly, installation of a shower stall and a locker room for various users. Fourthly, positive application of the outdoor space connected with a swimming pool. Fifthly, laying detailed regulation of sports centers for the disabled. In conclusion, the study on architectural model which related with spaces and programs of the sports center for all people is needed to move forward.