Purpose: Globally, Paradigm and corresponding awareness of mental health and mental illness ischanging. At this point, social policy and cultural consciousness must also be changed. Medical facilitiesto contain the recognition of the people of that period and the social, cultural background.
Social situation changes, science has developed and facility changes. So, awareness of people forthe facility also changes. Thus, this study consider the meaning and features of the facility withchange of psychiatry and the concept of disease in each period. Finally, the purpose of this studyis to analyze the development of Mental Healthcare Facilities before 19th Century. Methods: In thisstudy, focusing on the literature study, it investigated the developmental process of mental healthcarefacilities. Results: As the result of this study can be summarized as followings. In ancient times,facility for the harmony of body and mental appeared by means of supernaturalism and rationalism.
In the middle ages, facility for restraint and control appeared by means of religious absolutism andmysticism. In the early modern period, facility for therapy appeared by means of humanism andenlightenment. Implications: Unlike other healthcare facilities, Mental healthcare facilities have aunique history. Based on the point of view of each period, it appears form and characteristics ofmental healthcare facilities are different.