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2014, Vol.20, No.4

  • 1.

    Nurses’ Needs for the Spatial Composition of Geriatric Hospital

    Oh, Chanohk | 2014, 20(4) | pp.7~16 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    Purpose : The purpose of this study was to examine the nurses’ needs for the spatial compositionof geriatric hospital. Methods : The survey method was used for collecting the data. The subjectswere 110 nurses who worked at 6 geriatric hospitals in Busan. They answered the questionnaireby the self-administered method. The questionnaire consisted of items which asked the spatialcomposition of patient room, bathroom, dining space, resting space, care-givers’ room, andgarden. Results : 1) The patient room using a bed on ondol floor would be useful. Also, it wouldbe desirable that most patient rooms consisted of 4 or 6 persons per patient room and the otherswere 1 or 2 persons per room. 2) The bathroom for only patients and the shower room for theirfamilies or care-givers are needed in the geriatric hospital. 3) The dining room for patients in eachfloor would be useful to old patients. In addition to that, the cafeteria for their families orcare-givers are needed. 4) The resting space for patients and their families, for the staff, and forcare-givers are needed. 5) The personal locker and refrigerator are necessary fixtures in care-givers’room. Also, table, sofa, sink, and shower booth are also needed. 6) On the base of activities ofcare-givers, the space for preserving, washing, and heating foods are needed. Also, the storagespace for personal items and the fitting space are needed. Implications : The results of this studywould be the fundamental data for space planning of the geriatric hospital.
  • 2.

    A Study on Improvement of Rural Housing Space by Analysing of Barrier the Space Organization - Focused on Housing in Taebaeksi -

    Ahn, Sung-Joon | Kim Insoon | Lee, Kyoo-il | 2014, 20(4) | pp.17~25 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    Purpose: Generally, rural housing in Korea have had target of people who are in good physicalhealth rather than the disabled. Therefore, it is difficult to offer high quality residential environmentfor the elderly and the disabled. The purpose of this study is to propose the ways to promote easeand safety in the rural housing. Methods: This study evaluates the accidents, improvement factors,satisfactions, complaints by space of 153 rural housing in Taebaeksi. Results: This study dividesthe a rural house into 7 sectors : a passage to entrance, an entrance hall, a livingroom, a bedroom,a bathroom, a kitchen, and utility room. this study propose the following plan that rural housingto be barrier free space. First, in passage to entrance of the house, people with disabilities shouldnot experience difficulties in walking, so installing ramps to remove the stepped slope grade withoutslip so that the floor finish should be. Second, entrance hall need more space to change andkeep wheelchair. Third, switches and handle should be installed various height and form dependon the behavior of residents. Forth, install a drain to make no changes in level of bathroom. Implications: This research could be the basic data to renovate the rural housing.
  • 3.

    A Study on Environment-related Factors that Promote Wayfinding for People with Dementia - Focused on the Context of Long-term Care Facilities for People with Dementia

    YEO JIN CHOI | Young-Seon Choi | 2014, 20(4) | pp.27~38 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    Purpose : The main objective of this paper is, to assess a body of research evidence that articulatesthe impact of environment-related factors on wayfinding for people with dementia who reside inLong-term care Facilities. The study also aims at identifying design implications that can beincorporated into design process and design decisions to improve wayfinding abilities for peoplewith dementia. Methods : Comprehensive literature review has been conducted to identify empiricalstudies and carefully investigated peer-reviewed articles published in many different fields includingarchitecture, psychology, nursing to gerontology. Results : The review found a growing body ofstudies that identified environment-related factors that improve wayfinding of people withDementia living in long-term care facilities. Implications : The findings of the review can beconsidered as design guidelines to support the wayfinding abilities of people with dementia livingin long-term care Facilities.
  • 4.

    A Research on the Improvement of Dining Space Design at Elderly Welfare Facility

    Ju, Jiyea | 오은진 | 김정기 | 2014, 20(4) | pp.39~48 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    Purpose : Balanced meal service is very important for the elderly to maintain good physical health. Good food and comfortable dining environment is also important for the elderly to preventemotional depression. The purpose of this study is to investigate current problems of dining spacein Korean elderly welfare facility. De-institutionalizing dining environment of elderly welfare facilitywill bring more meaningful social interactions among elderly users. Methods : Through literatureresearch and case studies of welfare centers in the US and Japan, Elderly Dining Space Checklistwas developed. Dining spaces of 11 welfare facilities in Seoul was analyzed by this checklist. It wasadministered by interior designers as well as facility staffs to achieve more credible results. Questionnaire for the elderly users of those dining space also prosecuted to broaden knowledgefor creating improved environment. Results : Dining spaces of elderly welfare centers are lack ofprivacy and furnitures are not comfortable enough for the general users as well as wheelchair users. Elderly dining space users are seeking more private and comfortable spaces for the socialcommunications. Implications : Dining environment for the elderly in Korea should develop morede-institutionalized design concepts.
  • 5.

    A Planning Study on the Improvement of Public Hospital Patient Room based on the Understanding of User - Focused on the Case Study of District-Based Public Hospital in Korea

    Oh, Kyoung Mi | Park,Jae-Seung | 2014, 20(4) | pp.49~56 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    Purpose : This purpose of this study is to make a better public hospital patient room to reflect theviews of the patient. Methods: Survey to examine patient experience on healing environment inpublic hospital have been conducted for the data collection. 229 open-ended answers have beenanalysed statistically by MS Excel program. Results : 1) If there is no toilet space in the six-patientroom, installation of toilet in the patient room is necessary. 2) The most Frequently used patientfurnitures are necessary to accomodate the patients needs. Depending on the patient condition,installation of a portable or fixed the room furniture for the convenience to the using furniture. 3)According to the flow of modern times, wireless internet access is required to install of expand thespace. Also be used to establish a regulations of internet space. 4) To create healing environmentinfection free environment should be provided. 5) Need for improvements of patient room forrelatives of patient. It is necessary to secure a comfortable space to stay. 6) Separation is neededamong the patients through therapeutic classification. Implication : In order to provide a betterpatient room environment, it is necessary to reflect the patient's opinion.
  • 6.

    A Study on the Management System and the Facility Type of Mental Health and Welfare Center in Japan (1)

    Lim, Yenjung | Chai, Choulgyun | 2014, 20(4) | pp.57~65 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    Purpose : Mental health service desire has been diversified according to the increase of economiclevel and rapid social change. Mental Health and Welfare Center(MHWC) is a provider of mentalhealth services in Japan. This is a basic stage study which will suggest the architectural planningguidelines for MHWC. Methods : Data were collected through literature research, field surveys,and expert interviews to 69 MHWC in Japan. 1) Research for the policy and legal aspects ofmental health support system. 2) Research for structural aspects of MHWC: Characteristics ofestablishment, management, and regional factors. 3) Research for the physical environmentaspects of MHWC: Classification and evaluation of MHWC's Type by locational characteristics inJapan. Results : The result of this study can be summarized into three points. The first one,Mental Health and Welfare Center's service has being expanded to suicide, depression and stressfrom chronic mental illness, to reflect social needs. The second one, The average population ofarea installed at Mental Health and Welfare Center was 2,307,570 person, and average area ofthe regions were 5,745㎡. The third one, Mental Health and Welfare Center is divided intosingle-structure type and combine-structure type. And combine-structure type is divided intomedical-combine type, welfare-combine type, and public-combine type.
  • 7.

    A Study on the Spatial Structure Change of Elderly Care Facility according to Introduction of Long-Term Care Insurance

    윤소희 | Kim, Suktae | 2014, 20(4) | pp.67~80 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    Purpose : Long-term Care Insurance sets up facility standard and installation standard of aged carefacilities and decides the presence of minimum number of rooms and its size in care facilities byusing systematic instruments. Therefore, most aged care facilities had renovation in expansion andreconstruction following the revised regulations and even facility space structure and spacecomposition are continuously improving. The study is to determine the purpose and trend bycomparing before and after space composition of facilities which followed the implementation ofLong-term Care Insurance and also to suggest hierarchical space composition suitable for aged carefacilities through derived problems and to provide basic materials to plan the most appropriatefacility for the aged. Methods : J-graph based on Space Syntax Theory will be schematized throughin-site facility survey and before and after facility floor plan. Space composition trend will beanalyzed by comparing indexes through S3 program. Results : As a result of 5 cases analysis, thefollowing results were found; the average of whole space depth is increasing due to the Extension,the number of volunteers is decreasing and rooms for geriatric care helpers are being created dueto the geriatric care helper introduction duty. Also, there are solariums being created to improvethe health of the aged and dispensaries are being placed on every floor with the increase ofdocumentary work for geriatric care helpers. With the policy implementation, care facility spacecomposition and structure are changing with facility standard and it was analyzed that facilities weremostly put under the control of limited number of people in care room and total ground area perperson. It was also found that there is increase in care space integration through before and aftercomparison of whole integration value. This is considered as the important result not only in facilitystandard satisfaction, but also in care support of geriatric care helpers and the aged, its main users. Implication : In order for elderly care facilities to have quality improvement and to develop assuitable facilities for characteristics of the aged, independent environmental facility standardpreparation of elderly care facilities is needed through mutual cooperation of construction fieldswith regulation and policy related researches.
  • 8.

    Research of policy direction of aging society's elderly residential centralized towards medical service

    Kang Jeongran | 2014, 20(4) | pp.81~89 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    Purpose : An aging phenomenon was recognized as only negative aspect, which impediment adevelopment with the decrease of a developing population and increase of social burden. Nevertheless, the problem of aging cannot be treated as a problem of individuals or social burden. Because Every mankind sometime will be the person directly involved the aging. Methods : Korea,predict to reach the aging society with over 20 percent of elderly in the whole population in 2020,should find an active political plan for responding. Because a previous discussion about the agingphenomenon focused on social welfare, the housing plan for the elderly with a consideration of thephysical environment for sustaining elderly's life with happiness will be primary task. Results : This research considers housing policy, focusing on the medical service. It is becausestatistics, which 85 percent of elderly people suffer from chronic diseases because of physical agingsignify the importance of medical service to the elderly in every-day-life. Implications : We prescribethe elderly as a population over 65. In this duration, the elderly retirees from the workplace e andspend the majority of time in their home. Thus, for the elderly, the residential space is a field ofaction and passageway connecting with the surroundings For the solution of physical spacepreparing the aging phenomenon, the combination of residential and medical function creates anew type of a lifestyle.
  • 9.

    Change of Hospital Architecture in Korea since 1945

    유영민 | 2014, 20(4) | pp.91~100 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    Purpose : The purpose of this paper is to analyze the characteristics of hospital architectureconstructed in each periods and identify the changing process of hospital architecture in Koreasince 1945. Methods : Literature review was conducted while the data of hospitals had beencollected and the subject of investigation were selected. The important point of analysis is aboutdesign conception, site plan, block plan and hospital form. Results : The characteristics of hospitalarchitecture are identified in each periods. Developed by private sector, hospitals have enlargedtheir beds and sizes under the competitive environments. In terms of size and external shape,vertical form has become a dominant scene of hospital forms in Korea. Among the dominance oftower-on podium, various block plans have been adopted with hospital streets. Also a few casesof horizontal disintegrated form was introduced. Implications : This paper could be the basic datato organize the history of Korean Hospital Architecture, and insufficient data should besupplemented continuously.