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pISSN : 2733-8649 / eISSN : 2733-8657

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2015, Vol.21, No.1

  • 1.

    Numerical Analysis of Airborne Infection Control Performance of Germicidal Systems in a Temporary Shelter

    Park, Jeongyeon | Sung, Minki | 이재욱 | 2015, 21(1) | pp.7~15 | number of Cited : 8
    Abstract
    Purpose : When natural disaster occurs, the victims are evacuated to temporary shelters such asindoor gymnasiums or large space buildings until their homes are recovered. If someone in thistemporary shelter is infected with an airborne infectious disease, it becomes easier for the diseaseto spread to the other people in the shelter than it would be under normal conditions. Therefore,temporary shelters need to provide not only water and food but also hygienic indoor conditions. Methods : In this study, the use of mechanical systems such as ultraviolet germicidal irradiation(UVGI) systems and air cleaners were simulated using numerical analysis to find out how thesesystems can control airborne infection in temporary shelters. An indoor gymnasium was selected asa temporary shelter for the numerical simulation model considering Korea's post-disaster responsesystem. Influenza A virus was assumed as an airborne infectious disease and the diffusion of thevirus was made by one person in the shelter. Results : The result of this study showed that the UVGIsystems disinfected the virus more effectively than the air cleaners by creating a more stable airflowafter the disinfection process. The air cleaners could remove the virus but since it created anunstable airflow in the temporary shelter, the virus was condensed to a certain area to show ahigher virus concentration level than the source location. Implications : In the temporary shelter, itis necessary to use UVGI systems or air cleaners for hygienic indoor conditions.
  • 2.

    A Study on the Use and Spatial Composition of Outpatient Department of Psychiatry in General Hospital

    Moon, Hani | Jai Sung NOH | Chai, Choulgyun | 2015, 21(1) | pp.17~26 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    Purpose : This study examined the social and environmental change in the outpatient departmentof psychiatry, were analyzed disease characteristics and using characteristics of the mental illness. Thus, this aims to provide a material that can be used for efficient spatial composition of psychiatry. Methods : This study was conducted through a literature review, observation surveys, interviews. Results : Psychiatry is aware of the need to respond to the current needs of ambulatory space, thereare concerns that the spatial configuration for your needs. In accordance with the results of studiesconducted are as follows: 1) Specialty care programs and space needs based on segmentation andspecialization of the disease 2) Considered in conjunction with the layout of essential space andother departments 3) Spatial composition and furnishings for characteristic of psychiatry 4) Spatialconfiguration taking into account the patient's characteristic. Implications : This study looked at thechange of social change and the environment related to psychiatry. Grasp the present state ofspatial composition in psychiatry. And the use characteristics of patients and guardians wereinvestigated. Meanwhile, studies of psychiatric outpatient department is still lacking. As a result, itssignificance is to analyze the spatial composition requirements.
  • 3.

    A Study on the Use and Circulation of Comprehensive Care Ward in S Public Hospital

    Lee, Hyunji | Chai, Choulgyun | 2015, 21(1) | pp.27~36 | number of Cited : 12
    Abstract
    Purpose : Ministry of Health & Welfare started to 'Comprehensive care ward' project for patienthospitalization in order to help the economic and medical By providing comprehensive care servicesthrough professional nursing staff since 2013. Many physical environments changes are expected byproviding comprehensive care services. The purpose of this study is to investigate thecomprehensive care services and identify the problems of the corresponding physical environmentusage. Methods : Data were collected through research, field surveys, and expert interviews toanalyze and investigate the physical environment of the ‘Comprehensive care ward’. Results :Physical environments changes in accordance with the comprehensive care services provided in'Comprehensive care ward' are being only partially achieved. It have to considered not only wardenvironmental improvement for nursing services provided directly to the patient, but Includingnurses warehousing space, work space. Implications : Comprehensive care ward project is scheduledto be operational even some wards throughout the hospital since 2018. This study is basic researchfor architectural planning of the future ward with comprehensive care services in public hospital.
  • 4.

    Content Analysis on Housing Design Guidelines for the Disabled in Korea

    Kim, Bo Ae | YeunSook LEE | 2015, 21(1) | pp.37~46 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract
    Purpose : With a recently growing population of the disabled, the importance of creating the livingenvironment for them has been emphasized, making the design guidelines to play more importantrole in this sense. This research aims to generalize the existing design guidelines for the housingfor the disabled, diagnose their problems, and suggest a systematic and consistent milestone of theguidelines developed in the future. Method : The analysis objects of this research are 1910categories of the design guidelines for the domestic housing for the disabled, and the researchremoved the redundancy and separated multi-complex categories. A total of 1424 independentcategories were extracted, and been conducted content analysis from three aspects of redundancy,sub-categorization system and descriptive form based on the extracted categories. Results :Redundancy analysis figured out important characteristics by space. Moreover, the current guidelinesystem can be integrated by analysis of sub-category system. Lastly, the research found that theguidelines need to be understood more easily and suggested under accurate criteria by analyzingthe descriptive forms. Implication : This research holds significance as a fundamental data toimprove the design guidelines for the disabled in the future, ultimately contributing to a betterquality of life of the disabled.
  • 5.

    A Study on Universal Design Guideline of the Urban Railway Station: Public Toilet

    강병근 | Kwang-jae Park | Kim, Sang-Woon and 2other persons | 2015, 21(1) | pp.47~56 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    Purpose : As the number of the transportation poor has increased, the application of UniversalDesign on urban railway station has recently been focused. However, the current criteria used indomestic areas did not show the characteristic of facilities within urban railway station. Therefore,this study aims to explore the detailed criteria in applying ideas from Universal Design to sanitaryfacilities, especially toilets within railway station. Method : This study explores the criteria byevaluating findings from previous studies. First, the current situation of sanitary facilities in railwaystation is assessed. Then, the detailed criteria applicable to railway station toilets are concluded, byreviewing types of transportation poor and principles of Universal Design. Result : Findings from thisstudy are as follows. First, the current criteria applied to railway station toilets lack ideas of UniversalDesign, so the better criteria applicable to sanitary facilities in railway station are necessary. Second,standard criteria used in domestic areas with newly additional criteria suggest that sanitary facilitiesshould be established according to those criteria. Taken together, the better sanitary facilitiesshould be provided to railway users through the application of Universal Design to railway stationtoilets. Implication : For the future users in railway station toilets, the additional research on typesof diverse space and other sanitary facilities within railway station should have been continued.
  • 6.

    A Study on Improvement of Installation Standards for Tactile Walking Surface Indicators

    강병근 | Dong Hong Shin | Kwang-jae Park and 1other persons | 2015, 21(1) | pp.57~66 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    Purpose : The guidelines of establishing convenience facilities for the handicapped have notconsistently been provided to the identical criteria in walking facilities. Thus, transportation poorhad difficulties in walking environment. Method : This study aims to suggest the practical directionof guidelines of establishing tactile walking surface indicators. To do this, this study examines theproblems of the current guidelines for establishing facilities, and then analyzes international criteria,with comparing criteria used in German. Therefore, findings from those analyses can provide thesecure and convenient environment for walking to transportation users, in particular blind andvision-impaired people, the handicapped, the child, and the elderly and the weak. Results : For theimprovement of tactile walking surface indicators, the clear criteria of establishing tactile walkingsurface indicators is proposed, considering the characteristics of walking environment. Then, thesample items corresponding to the various situations need to be exemplified. To provide moresecure environment walking for transportation poor, the establishing criteria partially adopted ideasfrom Universal Design also need to be developed. Implication : The proposed detail drawing oftactile walking surface indicators need to be tested by transportation users due to high safety inwalking circumstance, and also the guidelines of continuously maintaining tactile walking surfaceindicators also needs to be studied.
  • 7.

    A Study on Improvement of Standard Criteria for Tactile Walking Surface Indicators

    Dong Hong Shin | 강병근 | Kwang-jae Park and 1other persons | 2015, 21(1) | pp.67~76 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    Purpose : The current tactile walking surface indicators have not been easily accessible to blind andvision-impaired people due to unexpected variation of walking environment and walking behaviorof transportation poor. Moreover, those indicators frequently cause the inconvenience totransportation users’ walking. Thus, this study aims to investigate the improvement of tactilewalking surface indicators, by comparing and analyzing findings from the relevant research. Resultsfrom this study contribute to suggest the better standard criteria of tactile walking surfaceindicators for transportation users, especially blind and vision-impaired people, the handicapped,the child and the elderly and weak, providing the secure and convenient circumstance for walking. Method : This study presents the problems about the standard criteria of tactile walking surfaceindicators via the examination of finding from the past studies. For example, we examine allstandard criteria, focusing on shapes, colors and qualities of materials used for Tactile WalkingSurface Indicators. Then, the present study suggests the improvement of standard, which apply tothe current walking environment practically and reasonably. Results : To improve the currentcondition of tactile walking surface indicators, the analysis on international and domestic standardcriteria need to be conducted. Findings from these analyses helps to suggest the better criteria forthe interval between projecting points of tactile walking surface indicators, effective perceived rangeof walking road, and the brightness contrast between tactile walking surface indicators and finishingmaterials. Implication : The suggested standard criteria of tactile walking surface indicators need tobe tested by transportation users, and the practical instructions of establishing tactile walkingsurface indicators should also be developed.