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2015, Vol.21, No.2

  • 1.

    A Study on Spatial Configuration of Central Medical Treatment Part and Outpatient Part at Geriatric Hospital according to Function and Corridor Type

    Pei, Xian-Mei | YOON SO HEE | Kim, Suktae | 2015, 21(2) | pp.7~15 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    Purpose: The purpose of this study is analyze linkage and spatial and structural characteristics of outpatient department and diagnosis/treatment area of geriatric hospitals based on quantitative analysis, according to function and corridor types. Methods: To examine structural characteristics and correlation of outpatient department and diagnosis/treatment area of six geriatric hospitals according to the corridor type, were systemized according to the function and corridor type and made into a j-graph, and an index was created by using space syntax to understand spatial characteristics. Results: 1) Different functional spaces are connected by a corridor, which, therefore, can be an axis of the connectivity and linkage of functional spaces and an important element in a clear hierarchy. 2) Treatment areas were disconnected from different functional spaces and, therefore, the accessibility was low. Many hospitals had an arrangement plan for treatment and diagnosis areas, and recent hospitals have segmented treatment areas within the rehabilitation space, which resulted in deeper space. 3) In terms of the level of integration, more integrated reception area meant shallower spatial depth, and deeper space for treatment and diagnosis areas. Implications: Spatial relation of outpatient department of geriatric hospitals was analyzed based on characteristics of the elderly.
  • 2.

    A Study on the Functional Efficiency according to Composition of Single Bedroom in Ward - Focused on Distance from NS to Bed -

    Kim Khil Chae | HYUNJIN LEE | Kwun, Joon-Bum | 2015, 21(2) | pp.17~24 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    Purpose: This study examines distance from nurse station to bed according to composition of single bedroom. Methods: This study has two groups of target sample ward planes. The first group has diverse patients bedroom. The other group is 36 single bedrooms and 2 3-bedrooms. The guideline of distance measurement was instituted for consistency. This study has 3 main concepts of the guideline. 1) The distance is shortcut from NS to bed. 2) The traffic line is center line between walls and center of door. 3) The start point is center of NS and the end point is bed. Results: The result of this study can be summarized into two points. The first one is that single bedroom has good privacy and longer distance from NS to bed. The second one is that weak point of single bedroom was asked ward operating system and architectural planning like as patients room, bed per unit, location of NS and plan type. Implications: Consideration Should be taken into account for the effective bedroom composition and allocation in ward. This Stuy hopefully serve as a stepping stone for the standard design of space program in ward planning.
  • 3.

    A Study on Educational environment Theory of Reggio Emilia and Space Concept for Healing - Focused on the Childcare Facilities

    Byeon, Jihye | Kim, Kwang Ho | 2015, 21(2) | pp.25~33 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    Purpose: This study is to suggest a direction for comprehensive planning of educational environment in which children's cognitive development and emotional needs are achieved in childcare facilities. The importance of educational environment in childcare facilities has increased since it was discovered that high quality educational environment can not be guaranteed in current childcare facilities while the number of women participating in labor force, hence the number of children spending most of their time in these facilities is rapidly increasing. Methods: Correlation analysis on Reggio Emilia Approach to education environment and Max Lüscher's psychological healing theory, and case study. Results: The result of the correlation analysis, the 4 key elements of educational environment and the 4 emotional status have significant relationship. Based on the elements of educational environment in Reggio Emilia Approach, case studies were pursued in 3 different childcare facilities in Korea. Implications: Evaluation of these case studies addresses the important elements to be considered in comprehensive planning of the educational environment in childcare facilities.
  • 4.

    A Study on Universal Design Guideline of the Urban Railway Station: Platform

    강병근 | Kim, Sang-Woon | Dong Hong Shin and 2other persons | 2015, 21(2) | pp.35~43 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    Purpose: A large number of the mobility impaired have increasingly used the railway station, so the application of UD(Universal Design) on urban railway station has been interested. However, the current criteria used in domestic areas have concerned about the effective administration of railway station facilities rather than the needs of he mobility impaired. Of diverse facilities in railway station, the platform is considered as an important space due to many transportation users’ riding or transfer in railway stations. Therefore, this study aims to explore the detailed criteria in adapting ideas from UD to platform within railway station. Methods: This study explores the criteria by evaluating findings from previous studies. First, all criteria related to platform in domestic and foreign areas are taken together and analyzed, and appropriate criteria first are established. Based on these, the current situation of platform facilities in railway station is evaluated. Then, the detailed criteria applicable to railway station platform are concluded, by reviewing types of the mobility impaired and principles of UD. Result: Findings from this study are as follows. First, the current criteria applied to railway station platforms lack ideas of UD, while the criteria used in foreign countries adequately reflect the ideas of UD on railway station platforms; therefore, the better criteria applicable to platform facilities in domestic railway station are necessary. Second, standard criteria used in domestic areas with newly additional criteria suggest that platform facilities should be established according to those criteria. Taken together, the better platform facilities should be provided to railway users through the application of UD to railway station platforms. Implications: For the future users in railway station platforms, the additional research on criteria of UD as well as diverse types of spaces within railway stations should have been continued.
  • 5.

    A Study on the User Behavior in the Outpatient Department of Psychiatry

    이현지 | 이해경 | Chai, Choulgyun | 2015, 21(2) | pp.45~53 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    Purpose: This study is to derive the behavioral characteristics of the users appear in the outpatient department of psychiatry. Methods: By referencing John Zeisel's Tools for environment-behavior research, observation of user behavior and expert interviews as a method of the study has been carried out. Results: The results of this study are as follows. First, adjacent placement among children, youth and regular the outpatient department of psychiatry is necessary and easy access to internal medicine department and family medicine department is required in order to allow cooperated treatments. Secondly, depending on the characteristics of the outpatient department of psychiatry treatment, adjustment of space requirement or the change of kinds of necessary space is required. Third, considering the psychological and behavioral characteristics of mental illness and guardians, various search for the environment that can support this. Implications: This study is a basic research for space improvement and evaluation of the outpatient department of psychiatry, and need to be followed by further study using various perspectives and methods.
  • 6.

    AA Study of Spatial Composition and Area Distribution by Function in Public Health Centers of Busan

    조희영 | YOON SO HEE | Kim, Suktae | 2015, 21(2) | pp.55~65 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    Purpose: Korea is increasing in the demand for medical services due to rapid economic growth and population aging in modern society. Thus, the importance has been emphasized for the health promotion in the community and the publicity and substantiality of public health centers. However, the environment is insufficient, compared to required functions and developed services as a urban public health center. The purpose of this study is to analysis the plane type and area composition of public health centers in Busan and to identify the property of their spatial configuration Methods: Eight public health centers in Busan, were classified, which had been selected as a medical tourism city. Subsequently, space requirements were analyzed, facilities were typed, vertical, horizontal spaces were reviewed, and area ratios by business function were calculated. Results: A review of the property of spatial configuration and an analysis of the area ratio revealed the three findings. 1)The horizontal analysis found various types: a single type, a multi-type, a radial type, and a circular type, 2)The vertical analysis showed that since a care function (general practice), and a task function (maternal and child health) were concentrated in lower level spaces, the lobby and core were closed located for providing quick medical services. 3)The analysis of the area ratio in public health centers in terms of their function indicated that each public health center’ programs had the greatest influence on the area. Implications: This study attempted to present spatial structural problems and improvements for city public health center by identifying their state and classify their functions and types and by calculating the ratio of their area configuration according to the spatial composition. It was thus aimed to presenting implications in establish public functions and roles by activating business through in connection with the number of municipalities in many ways, such as regional health. medical welfare, etc. to improve the health of local residents, and by providing differentiated programs in accordance with local characteristics.
  • 7.

    A Study on the Space Program of Ward applying to 4 Patient Bedroom in Provincial Medical Center

    Kim Khil Chae | HYUNJIN LEE | Kwun, Joon-Bum | 2015, 21(2) | pp.67~73 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    Purpose: This study examines areal composition of ward applying to 4 bedroom in provincial medical center. Methods: The existing five-bed patient rooms, general type of multiple-bed rooms in Korea causes many problems for the amenity of patients. We should reconsider their inconvenience carefully and try to provide the right to keep their privacy and enjoy amenity. The number of patients of multi-bed rooms is very critical point to improve the environmental condition of the patient rooms. This study separate 5 bedroom group and 4 bedroom group. Net area from space program was surveyed and analyzed. Results: The result of this study can be summarized into two points. The first one is that Group-4(4 bedroom) ward has more 23% patient’s area and –23% convenience area than Group-5(5 bedroom). The second one is that Group-4 has more single bedroom and Group-5 has more dayroom. Implications: Consideration Should be taken into account for the effective bedroom composition and allocation in ward. This Study hopefully may serve as a stepping stone for the standard design of space program in ward.