Korean | English

pISSN : 2733-8649 / eISSN : 2733-8657

Home > Explore Content > All Issues > Article List

2015, Vol.21, No.3

  • 1.

    A Study on Environment-related Factors that Affect Wandering for People with Dementia - A Systematic Review of Literature: Focused on the Context of Long-term Care Facilities for People with Dementia

    Choi, Young-Seon , YEO JIN CHOI | 2015, 21(3) | pp.9~23 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    Purpose: This paper‘s main objective is to provide a systematic review of research evidence that articulates the impact of environment-related factors on wandering for people with dementia in the Long-term Care Facilities. Another objective of this study is to identify design implications that can be incorporated into design process and decisions to positively improve wandering abilities for people with dementia. Methods: Comprehensive literature review has been performed to investigate empirical studies and peer-reviewed articles published in many different fields including psychology, architecture, nursing to gerontology. Results: The review found studies that identified environment-related factors, affecting wandering for people with Dementia living in Long-term Care Facilities. Implications: The findings can help us understand wandering behavior and the recommendations in this research can serve as parts of considerations in practice that can help efficiently manage wandering abilities of people with dementia living in Long-term Care Facilities. Further studies with larger samples and various environmental conditions are required to confirm the findings in this study.
  • 2.

    A Study on the Guidance Signage System of Outpatient in General Hospital using Spatial Configuration Theory - View from G.D.Weisman's Way-finding Influence Factors

    Kim, Suktae , Paik, Jinkyung | 2015, 21(3) | pp.25~35 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    Purpose: Signs that are installed at unnoticeable places or that disconnect before the destination can bring errors of location information delivery. Therefore, this study aims to find out the spatial relation between structure of space and signs in the perspective of visual exposure possibility, operating arrangement and assesment by applying spatial structure theory. Methods: Effectiveness of organization of guidance signs was evaluated after the four way-finding factors(Plan Configuration, Sign System, Perceptual Access, Architectural Difference) that G.D.Weisman suggested were interpreted by spatial structure theory(J-Graph analysis, Space Syntax, Visual Graph Analysis) under the premise that it is closely related to the structure of space. Results: 1) Because the south corridor that connects each department of outpatient division is located in the hierarchy center of the space, and walking density is expected to be high, guidance signs need to be organized at the place with high integration value. 2) The depth to the destination space can be estimated through J-Graph analysis. The depth means a switch of direction, and the guidance signs are needed according to the number. 3) According to visibility graph analysis, visual exposure can be different in the same hierarchy unit space according to the shape of the flat surface. Based on these data, location adjustment of signs is possible, and the improvement effect can be estimated quantitatively. Implications: Spatial structure theory can be utilized to design and evaluate sign systems, and it helps to clearly understand the improvement effect. It is desirable to specify design and estimation of sign systems in the order of J-Graph analysis→Space Syntax Theory→ visibility graph analysis.
  • 3.

    A Study on the Effect of Unit Design for Patient-Centered Care on Family Members and Caregivers - A Case Study of the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) for Patient-Centered Care in the United States

    Choi, Young-Seon | 2015, 21(3) | pp.37~45 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Purpose: The main objective of this paper is, to evaluate the unit design for patient-centered care and to draw lessons-learned for further improvement. Methods: This study conducted a case study of the intensive care unit, designed to fulfill patient-centered care in the US. It evaluated the effectiveness of the unit by incorporating several study methods such as plan analyses, direct observations through nursing tracking and behavior mapping, and focus group interviews. Results: The major design decision made in this patient-centered unit was the use of patient rooms with designated family areas and distributed nursing stations. Both design features appeared to be a success on a variety of research metrics and outcomes. The study identified that the patient rooms ultimately help family members to spent more time with their loved ones, which leads to increased satisfaction of family members and nurses also report that they generally enjoy the distributed nurses’ stations, which provide a comfortable environment to complete their regular lines of work such as charting, monitoring patients, and collaborating with their colleagues. Implications: Certain design features in intensive care units such as patient rooms with designated family areas and distributed nursing stations could appropriately support hospitals to fulfill patient-centered care.
  • 4.

    A Study of Architectural Space Organization for the Promotion of Interactive Conversations and the Design Application for a Public Hospital Project

    Lee, Young-jin , Jungman Lee | 2015, 21(3) | pp.47~55 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Purpose: While medical standard is rapidly improved, welfare of users and employees in hospitals is not treated correspondingly. Intercommunication of hospital users is thought to be very important for their welfare, and provision of conversation spaces within hospital environment needs to be expanded by architectural design. Space organization methods for the design of conversation space is to be embellished. Methods: Literature and hospital designs are analysed in order to develop the basis of argumentation for the hospital conversation space. 15 hospitals are reviewed and designed spaces for the intercommunication of the users are examined, Space organization efforts and design experiments are identified, and 6 organizational methods are proposed such as: 1) reducing territoriality 2) flowing space 3) categorizing and separating spaces 4) height variation 5) contact with outside and 6) Sun-lighted space. Results: 6 organization methods are confirmed in precedent hospital cases, and these proposed methods are applied in a new hospital design project to verify their usefulness. Implications: A hospital design project is presented based on these proposed methods of organization for the conversation space. Outcomes of this study can be applied for the formulation of human intercommunication spaces in other facilities.
  • 5.

    A Study on Environment-friendliness in Tokyo Regional Hospitals - Focused on the Sustainable Site and Transportation

    Yeonghwan Lim | 2015, 21(3) | pp.57~67 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Purpose: As the concerns for the environment are gradually prioritized, increasing interests of environment-friendly buildings are drawn. Numerous researches about healthcare buildings have been performed however, they were mainly focused on convenience or healing condition for medical treatments. The hospitals consume energy and generate CO2 as twice as the residential or commercial buildings do. Various green building certification systems are globally arranged. But, it isn't easy to find certification criteria for the green hospital besides the US and UK's ones which are specially designed to evaluate environment-friendly medical buildings(Lim&Yoo, 2010). Methods: In this study, we investigates current conditions of Tokyo Regional hospitals in environment-friendly standpoint and also investigates the foreign certification criteria and systems for the green healthcare building and finds the possibility to apply them to Korean one. Results: Through this study, we found that the Tokyo regional hospitals can be environmentally improved by management plans and programs. Implications: Based on this analysis, Korean Green Building Certification for healthcare facilities will be developed in near future.
  • 6.

    69 http://dx.doi.org/10.15682/jkiha.2015.21.3.69 논문 | 21권 3호 2015년 9월A Study on the Architectural Planning Characteristics of Medical Buildings - Focused on Cheong-ju Area

    Baek, Sang Yeol , Kim Gi-Soo | 2015, 21(3) | pp.69~77 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Purpose: Under a trend of hospitals that repeated expansion in line with fast increasing factors of medical demands in the past, medical buildings where clinic businesses have regularly gathered in one building have exponentially increased since separation of prescribing and dispensing in 2000. Thus, this study aims at analyzing characteristics of architectural plan of the current medical buildings, identifying strengths and weaknesses through Post Occupancy Evaluation and suggesting an architectural planning method of medical buildings to be planned in the future. Methods: Scope of study has been limited to 23 medical buildings that are registered in the building register as medical buildings out of the Class 1 neighborhood facilities build as 5 floors or more in Cheongju region since 2000 and being actually used for the usage. Study method is to define concepts of the medical buildings through literature review and advanced researches, analyze characteristics of architectural plan through drawing analysis and site survey. Results: General characteristics of architectural plans for the medical buildings in Cheongju have been analyzed. There are the most frequencies in general commercial area and semi-residential area, most of them are reinforced concrete structure and the Class 1 neighborhood facilities. Average land area is 482.68㎡, gross floor area 3720.8㎡, the number of underground floors level 1.16, the number of floors level 7.76, total number of floors 8.92, the building-to-land ratio 67.28%, floor area ratio 452.6%, height 31.44m, and the number of parked vehicles 24.16. Implications: This research will contribute to the establishment of the planning methods which increase the quality of Medical Buildings in Cheongju.