Purpose: The definition of healing and treatment is different between the East and the West. I suppose that the different definitions of them affect the notion of healing environment in two cultural area. Therefore the aim of this study is to consider the different perspective in healing environment between the East and the West. Methods: Relevant literature review around domestic and foreign reference in fields of medicine and architecture has been conducted to consider the purpose. Results: First, the perspective that the cause of disease stems from inside of body approaches the body from standpoint of healing for recovery. Healing is the way to conquer imbalance by entering into a connection with nature around body. The concept of healing could analyze that it come from relevant perspective. Second, the healing environment in the East is the place where the flow of Qi between, human and human, and, human and environment, keep a balance. The notion of healing environment in the East is the filed of relations. In the West, the notion of healing environment is the place where arouse fine emotions through sensory stimulations. Implications: Recently the studies of healing environment focus on deducing sensory stimulation factors scientifically in the perspective of the West. But the healing environment couldn't be possible without the notion of place of relations. In the future, the notion of healing environment as the field of relations in the East has to be concerned.
Purpose: At the moment, There is a facility standard for intensive care units on the Korea medical services Act. However, the contents of regulation are so limited and difficult to apply. Therefore, it is necessary to draw up the guideline to complement the regulation for efficient operation of intensive care units. This study aims to suggest basic data for guideline of intensive care units.
Methods: 2 Methods have been used in this paper. 1) Comparative analysis between the national regulation of Korea with the design standard of the United States America, the United Kingdom and Australia. 2) A literature survey about operation method for intensive care unit, focused on materials published in intensive care medicine society of each country. Results: In comparison with guideline of abroad cases, additional supplement are required, with regard to item such as operation environment, size, nursing manpower ratio, bed space area, space program of intensive care units for healing environment. Implications: This study is a basic research for guideline of intensive care unit, and need to be followed by further study using various perspectives and methods.
Purpose: Of late, the focus of service design is moving toward emphasizing customer satisfaction and taking users' experience more seriously. In addition to the change in perspective in service design, scholars in this area are paying more attention to service design methodology and process, as well as its theory and real-world case studies. In the case of medical space, there have been few studies in attempting to apply service design methods useful for deriving user-focused results. The author of this paper believes, however, case study-oriented approaches are more needed in this area rather than ones focusing on theoretical aspects. The author hopes thereby to expand the horizon to practical application of spatial design beyond service design methodology. Methods: In order to incorporate the strengths of service design methodology that can reflect a variety of user opinions, this study will introduce diverse tools in the framework of double diamond process. In addition, it will present field cases that successfully brought about best results in medical space design. It will end with summarizing the ideal process of medical space design which is reasonable and comprehensive. Results: Medical service encompasses preventive medicine as well as treatment of existing medical conditions. A study in establishing the platform of medical service design consists of a wide range of trend research, followed by the summary of two-matrix design classification based on results of the trend research. The draft of design process is divided into five stages composed of basic tools for establishing spatial flow lines created by matching service design tools with each stage of space design processes. In all this, most important elements to consider are communication and empathy. When service design is actually applied to space design, one can see that output has reflected the users' needs very well. The service design process for user-oriented medical space can thus be established by interactions on the final outcome and feedback on the results. Implications: One can see that the service design with the hospital at its center produces the result that encompasses the user's needs best. If the user-focused service design process for medical space can be extended to other space designs, the author believes that it would enhance the level of satisfaction for users and minimize trials and errors.
Purpose: Due to increase of interest in the viewing environment for the disabled, ordinances that are related to an optimal auditorium for the disabled are being executed. However, since there are no detailed criteria regarding the optimal auditorium, there is a necessity that it should be supported by more concrete criteria for installation. Therefore, the study is aimed to be utilized as basic data to suggest the criteria for installation of the optimal auditorium in the future through domestic and international legal standards and the analysis of design guidelines that are related to the auditorium for the disabled. Methods: First, legal standards and design guidelines that are related to the auditorium for the disabled were analyzed, and Second, items and things to be improved that are required to suggest the criteria for installation of the optimal auditorium in the future were looked into by comparing and analyzing each contents. Results: Items and considerations by items that are required to establish the criteria for installation of the optimal auditorium were looked into, and based on these results, concrete and standardized installation criteria can be suggested. Implications: Based on the analysis results, the optimal viewing environment for the disabled within cultural facilities can be created through establishment of more concrete installation criteria for the optimal auditorium in the future.
Purpose: Musculoskeletal disorder is one of diseases with high medical demand over-65 populations. Considering complex, chronic property of diseases, it is important for patients to provide specialized medical service. The musculoskeletal center is one of the most essential facility type in order to give adequate care to the patient suffering from musculoskeletal diseases.
Methods: Statistical analysis relating to the component ratio of patients for the demand for medical care. Literature analysis for characteristic of the musculoskeletal diseases. The Status Survey of health care facilities operating in the musculoskeletal center. Results: It is necessary for the musculoskeletal center to be composed of four major areas such as consultation, examination, diagnosis, intervention for continuity of care. For continuum of care, it is essential to build medical environment integrated with each level of care such as consultant, examination, diagnosis procedure. Implications: This study is a basic research for design of musculoskeletal center, and need to be followed by further study using various perspectives and methods.