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pISSN : 2733-8649 / eISSN : 2733-8657

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2017, Vol.23, No.2

  • 1.

    A Study on the Characteristics of Site Plan of Dentistry in Korea - Focused on the Eleven Schools of Dentistry and Dental Hospitals in Korea

    Jeong Tae Jong | Choi, Jaepil | 2017, 23(2) | pp.7~18 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    Purpose: The characteristics of site plan of dentistry through examining the schools of dentistry and dental hospitals in Korea and comparison between them are necessary for the development of planning of the dental healthcare system. This study has been started to provide basic information for the planning of education and hospital architecture in dentistry. Methods: Literature review of space analysis and investigation on current status of dentistry in Korea have been conducted. The site plans of eleven schools of dentistry and dental hospitals have been analyzed with S3 axial analyzer in space syntax. Results: The result of this study can be summarized in four points. The first one is that the site plan of school of dentistry and dental hospital is influenced on the location of main campus in the city. The second one is that the types of relationship between dentistry and main campus are diverse from school and hospital in the main campus to independent dental campus in the city center. The third one is that the integration, connectivity and ERAM(3) of dental hospital are greater than school of dentistry and it means that dental hospital is located in easy access area compared with school of dentistry. The fourth one is that school of dentistry roles the connection space between main campus and dental hospital. Implications: It is necessary to analyze the site plan and arrangement of school of dentistry and dental hospital in the campus to develop the dental healthcare system in the city.
  • 2.

    Analysis of Indoor Air Quality in vulnerable facilities according to building characteristics

    cho kyunghwa | Kwon, Soon-Jung | Sung, Minki and 1other persons | 2017, 23(2) | pp.19~26 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract
    Purpose: With the increasing of public-use facilities, there has been a growing concern over Indoor Air Quality(IAQ) of public-use facilities. Because the facilities are easy to be exposed to indoor air pollutants, they needs to be periodically managed the IAQ. Methods: In this study, indoor air pollutant concentrations of 24 vulnerable facilities were measured and compared. The measurements were conducted for pollutants which are defined in ‘IAQ Control In Public-Use Facilities, etc. Act’. We took two measurements, the first was carried out in summer and the second was proceeded in winter. We analyzed the values according to the type of facilities and pollutants. Results: There was a difference in pollutant concentrations by the season and in occurrence characteristics by the measurement spot. Therefore, we need to manage pollutant concentrations by characteristics of occurrence. Implications: Based on the comparative analysis of pollutant concentrations, we suggested cause and improvement strategies for IAQ management of Vulnerable facilities.
  • 3.

    Analysis of Medical Resources according to number of beds in Korean General Hospitals

    Cho, Jun-Young | Yang, Nae-won | 2017, 23(2) | pp.27~35 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    Purpose: This study analyzed the status of general hospitals as an expanded concept of medical resources including medical staff and equipment. The purpose of this study is to provide a basic for the feasibility study of the scale and establishment of facility guidelines at the planning stage of general hospitals. Methods: The subjects of this study were limited to general hospitals. The status of medical resources was based on the data of the Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service. The number of beds, doctors, nursing grades and major medical equipment were surveyed in 335 general hospitals. Results: 1) The characteristic of general hospitals varies depending on the number of inpatient beds. To be concrete, there were differences in the number of medical staffs and equipments in general hospitals based on 300·500·800·1,000 beds. 2) As the number of hospital beds increases, the number of medical staff increases more than medical equipment and facilities. Medical equipment and facilities remain constant, even when the number of beds increases. On the other hand, the number of medical staff increased about 1.5 times in each level. Implications: Architectural plans for medical staff should be considered differently depending on the number of beds. In particular, architectural planning and facility guidelines should be applied differently based on 300 and 500 beds.
  • 4.

    A Study on Universal Design Applicability of Rooms in Accommodation Facilities - Through the survey of awareness and the investigation of current room status

    RYU Sang-oh | 김인순 | Ahn, Sung-Joon | 2017, 23(2) | pp.37~46 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    Purpose: Recently accomodations are required to apply universal designs to all the types of rooms in order to increase accessibility to everyone. Especially universal designs are considered as one of the important methods to help disabled users utilizing accomodations with minimizing difficulties. The current research attempted to apply universal designs to ordinary rooms for promoting usage of rooms in accomodations. Methods: The field study were executed about all the types of rooms and shared spaces in 42 accomodations in 14 cities, Also, the managers working in the studied accomodations were asked to answer the online survey about awareness in universal design. Results: In many cases, ordinary rooms are partially renovated for the disabled with adding some convenient facilities. This raises negative recognition for the rooms specially designed for the disabled as well as absence of needs for universal designed rooms. Meanwhile, universal designed rooms have been required not only for the ordinary but also for the disabled. Implications: Regarding adopting universal design to rooms in accomodations, it should be reviewed throughout all the processes from designing to planning.
  • 5.

    A Study on the Spatial Composition and Area Planning of the Intensive Care Units in the Public District Hospitals

    Yun, Woo Yong | Chai, Choulgyun | 2017, 23(2) | pp.47~61 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract
    Purpose: This study aims to suggest the spatial composition and area of the intensive care units through analysis of current situation for the standards establishment of the intensive care units in public district hospitals in the future. Methods: Three Methods have been used in this paper. 1) Literature reviews about composition, location, foreign standards on intensive care units. 2) Comparative analysis on the architectural drawing for the space program and the area. 3) Field survey in order to confirm differences between architectural drawing and current situation. Results: 1) The intensive care units is required to be linked by the operating department, the emergency department and the sterile supply department upon considerations of accessibility of emergency patients and the infection control. 2) The intensive care unit consists of five areas such as the patient area, the medical staff area, the material and equipment area, the patient family area, and the public area. 3) The location of spaces in the intensive care unit is classified by three methods such as connection by view, circulation and connection to corridor. The [table 20] summarizes the type of space and the average size of the space in intensive care unit. Implications: This study is a basic research for guideline of intensive care units, and need to be followed by further study using various perspectives and methods in the future.
  • 6.

    A Study on the Architectural Planning of Material Handling System for the Airborne Infection Isolation Hospitals

    Choi, Kwangseok | Kwon, Soon-Jung | 2017, 23(2) | pp.63~72 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to review the material handling system of the Airborne Infection Isolation Hospitals which is the one of the key elements of infection control and to improve the basic data for the planning and design of those facilities. Methods: Research was conducted by literature reviews and case studies for the material handling system of domestic and foreign Isolation hospitals. Results: The result of this study can be summarized into three points. First, a general isolation unit and a high level isolated unit need to be distinguished in terms of efficiency and safety. In particular, it is desirable that a high level isolated unit have to completely separate clean and soiled circulations, and soiled corridor should be installed by those means. By doing this, the medical staff can observe patient rooms and supply clean materials directly in the clean zone without wearing PPE, so that safety and work efficiency can be improved at the same time. Second, for the safe disposal of wastes, it is desirable to install a dedicated sterilizer per ward and sterilize it at least in the ward. In addition, It is desirable to install a central waste treatment room and a dedicated soiled corridor in consideration of the inadequate handling capacity and emergency situation. Third, the characteristics of material flow chart in the negative pressured isolation hospitals and the corresponding material handling system have been presented. Implications: Infection control is very important in safety, but it is necessary to respond to the symptoms of the patient.
  • 7.

    A Study on the Area Composition Analysis of the National Designated Isolation Unit Wards(NDIUs) - Focused on the NDIU wards issued in 2016

    yoonhyunjin | Kwon, Soon-Jung | 2017, 23(2) | pp.73~82 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    Purpose: Since the facility guidelines for National Designated Isolation Unit wards(NDIUs) had been edited since 2016, all hospital who want to expand or install NDIU should adapt the new guidelines. Instead of providing area requirement, by the way, only essential or optional facility requirements are suggested except patient bedroom in the guidelines. So, as analyze area and area composition of the NDIUs, it could be expected that this study has a role as an area planing reference for not only NDIU but also another airborne infection isolation room. Methods: For the area analysis, 18 sample hospitals are selected among 2016 year applicants. All rooms in NDIUs are grouped as zones whether those are negative air pressurized or not and programed room or not. At the end, area of the zones are summarized and analysed a relationship between area increase and bed number by both correlation analysis and regression analysis. In addition, department usable and gross area per bed, N/G ratio, G/N ratio, and average area ratio of each zone is calculated. Results: First of all, rooms in none negative air pressurized zone of the NDIUs haven’t shown a regular installation so that only those in negative air pressurized zone are targeted for the area analysis. Second of all, patient room unit(0.92) and support area(0.79), by correlation analysis, are correlated with total net area. Patient room unit(0.94) and total net area(0.79) are also shown a correlation with bed number. Department usable area(R²=0.63, y=36.278x + 102) and patient room unit area(R²=0.89, y= 27.993x – 0.8924) has a relationship with bed number by regression analysis. Average N/G is shown as 0.85 and G/N 1.36. Average area ratio of circulation, doffing area, patient room unit, and support area are 25.4%, 9.1%, 50.9%, and 14.6% in order. Implications: This study is a basic research for exploring the NDIUs guidelines to find resonable evidence to develop it for its practical use. Still, it is possibly expected that the guideline is to be developed by post occupancy evaluation in the area of where minimum requirement or facility grade needs to be defined, and by further studies with various perspectives.