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pISSN : 2733-8649 / eISSN : 2733-8657

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2020, Vol.26, No.2

  • 1.

    A Study on the Management and Utilization of Sub-Health Center in Rural area, Paraguay [1] – Focused on Limpio, Paraguay

    JI EON KIM , KIM MIN KYU , Eun Woo Nam | 2020, 26(2) | pp.7~17 | number of Cited : 1
    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to identify the operational status and current management of Sub-HealthCenters in Limpio, Paraguay. Second, understanding the use of Sub-Health Centers and Perceptions ofSub-Health Centers in Limpio, Paraguay. Third, Providing policy implications for strengthening the HealthDelivery System in Paraguay. Methods: The survey of the current status of sub-health centers in Limpio wasconducted with observation and interview. Utilization of Sub-Health centers was analyzed in the 2018 ParaguayCommunity Health Survey. A face to face interview was conducted to complete a questionnaire and 831samples were collected for the study. Results: In order to perform the normal function of the sub-health center,it will be necessary to allocate manpower that meets the standard. A common problem with sub-health centersin Limpio is that they have an environment vulnerable to rain. Currently, there are no health promotion andcommunicable disease management programs in sub-health center. Satisfaction of users about treatment,equipment, medicines and cleanleness of rooms. Implications: First, it is necessary to allocate human resourcesand organize spaces according to the standard. Second, there was a problem caused by moisture, andcontinuous maintenance and repair are required. Third, water and sewage related facilities must be safelyimproved to prevent contamination of groundwater. Forth, it is necessary to implement a program that fits therole of the sub-health center. Fifth, it is necessary to form a health delivery system considering the accessibilityof residents. Finally, it is necessary to discuss the location of sub-health center considering travel time of Limpioresidents.
  • 2.

    A Study on User Satisfaction of Information Facilities for the Visually Impaired

    Kim, In-Bae , Kim, WonPil | 2020, 26(2) | pp.19~30 | number of Cited : 1
    Purpose: The ratio of the visually impaired is gradually increasing due to various causes such asnatural aging, accidents, and environmental changes. Therefore, this study has two folds. Firstly, itaims to analyze the current satisfaction level with information facilities for the visually impaired. Secondly, it aims to examine the factors affecting the satisfaction with indoor information facilities. Through this study, it helps to identify problems of information facilities for the visually impairedand it works as a practical data for further improvements. Methods: For 50 visually impaired people,a telephone survey was conducted on the satisfaction with the braille blocks, braille signboards,braille information boards with tactile map, audio guide devices, and safety egress devices. Microsoft Excel and SPSS 26.0 were used for the analysis. Results: It was confirmed that the overallsatisfaction with the indoor information facilities was very low. The more the visually impairedpeople recognized the installation standards, and the better the maintenance was, the higher thesatisfaction. In the case of braille blocks and braille signboards, the effect of information transferon satisfaction was relatively high. In the case of audio guide device and safety egress device, thestandard suitability influenced satisfaction. Implications: The low level of satisfaction with the overallinformation facilities can impede visually impaired people from receiving practical help through theinformation facilities. Factors influencing the satisfaction level of each facility were identified, whichmakes it possible to prepare effective improvement measures.
  • 3.

    A Study on Improvement of Ramp Installation Standard for BF Certification

    Dong Hong Shin | 2020, 26(2) | pp.31~38 | number of Cited : 0
    Purpose: The ramp is an important facility for the barrier free access and vertical circulation of usersof various buildings, including users of walker, wheelchair users, stroller users, and baggage carriers. The installation standards for ramps in Korea have various problems during construction and BFcertification. It is necessary to improve the criteria for ensuring practical mobility and safety. Method: Korean standard, International Standard(ISO 21542, 2011), German Standard(DIN 18040-1,2010), Austrian Standard(OENORM B 1600, 2017), Swiss Standard(Norm SIA 500, 2009), CanadianStandard(Building Standards Guide, 2017), American Standard(ADA Standards, 2010) wereinvestigated and analyzed. A comprehensive improvement of the ramp installation standards isproposed. Results: The ramp is a necessary facility for the barrier free access and vertical circulationof the disabled. It shall be installed with comprehensive consideration of the appropriate slope ofthe ramp, the distance of the continuous slope, the handle and upstand for pedestrian safety. Inorder to improve convenience, setting the proper slope and limiting the length of the slope arevery important, and improvements are required to the levels presented by international and foreignstandards. The unclear standards of Korean law and BF certification standards should be clearlyimproved so as not to be misinterpreted in construction and Barrier Free Certification. Implication:International and foreign standards should be reviewed to ensure practical mobility and safety. Andcomprehensive improvement measures should be presented through continuous research.
  • 4.

    A Study on the Space Area Guideline of Clinical Laboratory in Korea - Focused on Laboratory Case Studies

    Youngaee Kim , Song, Sang Hoon | 2020, 26(2) | pp.39~47 | number of Cited : 0
    Purpose: Clinical laboratory of hospital has been demanded to extension or relocation regardingwith the test number increase and analyzer development. Space area criteria per test numbers, labfunctions, hospital bed and lab staffs are needed for draft space programing. So, the purpose ofthis study is to provide the space area guideline of clinical laboratory for space calculation inplanning and design the spatial environment. Methods: Literature review has been used in checkingthe standards and guidelines. And questionnaire surveys to laboratory supervisors in hospitals havebeen conducted for the data collection. 60 answers have been analysed statistically by MS Excelprogram. Results: The result of this study can be summarized into three way calculations. The firstone shows that the basic standard workspace and distance is applied in lab design. The second oneshows that average space area criteria resulted from case studies is applied by 19㎡ per one staff,0.9~1.0㎡ per one bed, and lastly linear length calculation of workbenches and analyzers on thebench top and floor mount, is multiplying it by the sum of the counter depth plus aisle width. Implications: In updating the space area calculation guidelines, it is necessary to cooperate withmedical staffs and designers.
  • 5.

    A Study on the Planning and Management of Community Space for the Elderly in Local Community - Mainly on the Elderly Complex Space in Japan

    Park, Hae-Sun , Eun, Nan soon | 2020, 26(2) | pp.49~61 | number of Cited : 0
    Purpose: With particular focus on the analysis of elderly community space in local communities, thisstudy aims to propose policies and points to consider in the planning and management ofcommunity space that can encourage the elderly to actively participate in community activities. Methods: The study explores five different Japanese community spaces that have been utilized asplatforms for intergenerational interactions; the research was carried out by literature review, fieldwork and interviews. Results: The results are as follows. First, the planning of the community spacefor the elderly must be combined with the space that the locals often use. Community space shouldnot be seen as a place for a specific generation, but for everyone to interact with each other atany time; hence it must be fostered to be accessible for anyone regardless of age. Second,community space for the elderly requires to be planned as an accessible place for everyone suchas cafes and restaurants. The adjacent areas require social infrastructure like libraries and publicbaths which are frequently used by people from various age groups. Third, in order to spark offthe intergenerational community space as the stronghold of local communities, it needs to be aplace where the elderly is given sufficient role and meaning as a member of the community. Toachieve this, it is essential to support the locals to take active measures in creating jobopportunities for the elderly and the disabled, and to develop voluntary self-sufficiency andvolunteering programs.
  • 6.

    A Development of Checklist for Applying Neuro Architecture Factors - Focused on Medical space

    Noh, Taerin , Swoo Kyung Suh | 2020, 26(2) | pp.63~69 | number of Cited : 0
    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to identify the neuro architecture items and detailed elementsthat can be considered for each detailed space in the future medical space design developmentthrough the development of a checklist of neuro architecture elements that can be utilized inmedical space design. Methods:: This study first develops the neuro architecture element throughtheoretical research and prepares the basic plan for the checklist through consultation with theemployees of the design company in which the researcher works. Finally, a checklist was developedthrough a survey of nine experts, including designers, hospital staff, and professors. Results: Theresult of this study 1) The neuro architecture component was developed in seven categories: light,color, sound, air, image, nature, ergonomic furniture and equipment. 2) Specifically, it consists of49 elements including 7 light elements, 7 color elements, 5 sound elements, 4 air elements, 11image elements, 6 elements in nature, 9 elements in ergonomic furniture and equipment. It was. 3) Although each of the detailed elements is more preferred according to the space, in general, allthe elements should be considered in the context of the hospital space design. Implications: Thechecklist on the neuro architecture element will enable the development of the most faithful designas an efficient and useful tool for applying the neuro architecture philosophy that considers humanbeings in hospital design and pursues healing and happiness.
  • 7.

    A Study on the Use of General Social Welfare Facilities for the Planning of Integrated Care Center - Focused on four social welfare facilities in Southern Gyeonggi-do

    Han, Eunbee , ZHANG JINXIANG , Kwon, Soon-Jung | 2020, 26(2) | pp.71~79 | number of Cited : 0
    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to derive basic data for desirable location and functions of the integratedcare center. Methods: Survey, Questionaire and statistical analysis are the main research methodof this study. In order to collect data related to utilization pattern and favorite functions of the seniorpeople, researchers have visited 4 social welfare facilities located in Southern Gyeonggi Province. 403questionaires have been gathered from 4 facilities and they have been analyzed by using Excel Programof MS. Results: First, compared to other services, healthcare services have been preferred by many olderpeople in Social welfare Facilities. This means that integrated care centers providing healthcare servicesfor older people rather than services for children or disabilities is desirable. Second, Integrated CareCenters had better be established within the walk distance of elderly people. If it is not easy, the introductionof shuttle bus for older people is desirable. Especially, in case of large Care Center. Implications: This study shows that small facility with community care rather than big facility is desirablefor small community in the point of friendliness, convenience, economy, etc.. However it is necessary tocombine welfare service and healthcare service even in small centers.