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pISSN : 2733-8649 / eISSN : 2733-8657

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2022, Vol.28, No.1

  • 1.

    A Research Study on the Medical-spaces Setting of Mobile-hospitals for Emergency Medical Response

    Kim Sung Hyun , Yang, Nae-won | 2022, 28(1) | pp.7~21 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    Purpose: As the pandemic period continues, various attempts are being made to new medical spaces in the medical society. Many hospitals, including existing general hospitals, have been effected by infected patients and are showing limitations in patient care capacity. Mobile-hospitals may be the starting point for the development of new environment in the medical society and healthcare facilities which are not replacing the role of existing hospitals. Mobile-hospitals can possibly respond to situations that require medical services and provide emergency care for various demands in connection with existing healthcare facilities. Methods: Through a total of five investigations/analysis, medical functions that can be inserted into mobile-hospitals based on modular architecture are set. The first is the analysis of domestic legal guidelines, the second is the analysis of previous studies, the analysis of emergency medical facilities and other medical spaces of hospitals to be compared, the fourth is the analysis of medical spaces of actual mobile hospital projects. Results: Through five analyses, medical functions applicable to the modular building platform were finally established. Mobile hospitals can be used not only in disaster sites such as infectious diseases, but also in medical underprivileged areas or general hospitals. Therefore, it is necessary to establish medical functions that meet the specificity of mobile hospitals along with the functions of existing fixed medical facilities. Furthermore, various studies such as use in international aid, use in normal times, and connection with other platform-based medical facilities are considered necessary. Implications: Through 5 strategies of analysis, 41 medical functions which can be applied to UNIT are decided and these functions will be placed where medical services will be required.
  • 2.

    A Study on the Architectural Planning of the Space and Area Composition of Health Examination Center in Regional Public Hospitals

    Choi, Kwangseok | 2022, 28(1) | pp.23~30 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    Purpose: Health examination centers of regional public hospitals are essential facilities for strengthening preventive medical services in local communities. This study is to organize architectural planning data related to function, space, and area composition of health examination center by the size of the regional public hospitals. Methods: The literature review on the function and spatial composition of the health examination center and the drawings of the regional public hospitals were analyzed. Results: The result of this study can be summarized into several points. 1) The function of the health examination center consists of a diagnostic area, patient area, and staff area based on general examination and comprehensive examination. 2) The type of spatial composition of the 300-bed public hospital examination center is a spatial linkage type with examination rooms of the other departments where general examination and comprehensive examination are undifferentiated. 3) The examination center of public hospitals with 500 beds or more is composed of an independent space-separated type with self-installed examination rooms, and general examination and comprehensive examination are divided. 4) The examination center of public hospitals with 300 beds around, the diagnostic area occupies most of the total area, around 80%, but in public hospitals with 500 beds or more, the proportion of diagnostic area drops to 50-60%, and patient area increases to 30-40%. Implications: The examination center planning of public hospitals requires an architectural planning approach to the function and spatial composition according to the size of the hospital.
  • 3.

    A study on the space and requirements of evaluation and certification criteria for psychiatric institutions

    Lee, Eunjin , Seung Ji Lee | 2022, 28(1) | pp.31~39 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    Purpose: The study aimed to extract the space mentioned in the criteria for evaluation and certification of psychiatric institutions in which the most specific standards for medical services of psychiatric institutions are prepared, and to organize and analyze the requirements. Method: The implied space is derived by analyzing the evaluation and certification criteria. The derived space is re-classified by departments of the hospital, and the requirements are organized and analyzed. Results: First, a total of 41 spaces were derived. The derived spaces can be considered as spaces to be treated as important in psychiatric institutions. Second, as a result of reclassifying the derived space by department, 10 spaced for the hospital as a whole, 10 for wards, 12 for central/outpatient departments, 5 for pharmaceutical departments, 2 for catering facilities, and 2 for facilities. Third, if organized by psychiatric institution, there is a total of 40 spaces for psychiatric hospitals according to certification criteria, and according to evaluation criteria, there is 38 spaces for psychiatric hospitals and departments and 19 spaces for the clinics. The difference between the certification and evaluation criteria of psychiatric hospitals is insignificant. In order to promote the qualitative improvement of psychiatric institutions, it is necessary to gradually strengthen from the certification criteria. Fourth, the requirements reflecting the characteristics of a psychiatric institution were very limited to emergency exits and treatment rooms. It is necessary to prepare the space requirements for other rooms in consideration of the behavior of the mentally ill. Implications: The derived spaces and requirements can serve as practical reference materials for practitioners preparing to receive certification and evaluation of psychiatric institutions. In addition, it has meaning as a basic data for estimating the level of space and requirements of psychiatric institutions that are currently required in Korea.
  • 4.

    A Comparative Analysis Model of Overcrowded Spaces Considering the Evacuation Behavior of Users in Women's Hospital

    Jung, Chaemin , Kweon, Jihoon | 2022, 28(1) | pp.41~51 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to compare variant analysis results regarding overcrowded spaces and suggest a space analysis model for women's hospitals at the outpatient clinic department, central treatment department, and inpatient ward considering evacuation capability of newborns unable to perform automotive evacuation, pregnant patients and maternal patients with limited mobility. Methods: Firstly, precedent studies on women's hospitals and evacuation in hospitals were reviewed. Secondly, the analysis conditions and necessary set values ​​for simulation were designed after analyzing the design documents of the research target hospital. Thirdly, evacuation simulation was conducted by adjusting the variables related to the evacuation behavior of inpatients and newborns. Fourthly, based on the derived results, overcrowded spaces were compared and analyzed according to evacuation behavior. Result: The study results are as follows: (1) It is necessary to check the main escape routes for occupants and to expand and adjust the size of mainly used entrances. (2) It is necessary to widen the stairs' width to alleviate overcrowding caused by patients with non-autonomous walking. (3) Due to overcrowding of the main escape route, it is necessary to identify the bypass route and adjust the width of the corridor. (4) It is necessary to plan an evacuation route for newborns to escape from the main escape route for occupants. Implications: The study result is expected to be used as primary data for research that considers the evacuation behavior of newborns and pregnant women in women's hospitals.
  • 5.

    A Study on the Change of General Hospitals Size in Seoul during 15 years - Focused on General Hospitals bed and Gross Area in Seoul since 2005

    Cho, Jun-Young | 2022, 28(1) | pp.53~61 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    Purpose: As the medical environment changes, the size of medical facilities continues to change. Of course, it is not easy to analyze the correlation between changes in the medical environment and changes in facility size in a rigorous scientific method. However, the results of investigating and analyzing changes in the size that occurred for any cause be able to serve as important references for future medical facility architectural plans. Methods: This study surveyed 68 general hospitals in Seoul for 15 years from 2005 to 2020. The change in the number of beds was investigated with data from the Ministry and Welfare. The gross area change was confirmed by analyzing the <building register> of all hospitals. Results & Implications: As a result of the survey, general hospitals in Seoul show a common phenomenon in which all hospitals except one case have expanded their size in the direction of increasing the gross area per bed over the past 15 years. However, in the method, a relatively small hospital with less than 500 beds mainly chose to reduce the number of beds. Large hospitals increased both the number of beds and the gross area, however showed a significant increase in the gross area.
  • 6.

    A Study on the Evacuation Performance Analysis Model Considering Clustering Types at the Fire Event in Geriatric Hospital

    Kim, Mijung , Kweon, Jihoon | 2022, 28(1) | pp.63~74 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to present an evacuation performance analysis model that can derive vulnerable evacuation spaces with considering the movement behavior as per the elderly groups in the event of a fire in a geriatric hospital. Methods: The evacuation characteristics of geriatric hospital users were investigated through the review of precedent studies. First, the occupant conditions and the evacuation scenario were set to analyze a study target hospital. Then, the evacuation simulation was carried out considering the group types and the density of each group. Finally, an evacuation performance analysis model according to the group type was presented based on the simulation results. Results: The results of this study are as follows: (1) The evacuation performance according to the group type is to be clarified through the suggested study model. (2) It is necessary to secure a ramp or an emergency elevator to distribute the evacuation personnel at the design stage because congestion occurs due to collisions between evacuees on the stairs and delays the evacuation time. (3) It is necessary to consider the evacuation stairs and openings of sufficient size by analyzing the frequency of congestion occurrence and the escape routes of occupants in advance to identify the space where the evacuation flow overlaps. Implications: It is expected that the study result is to be used as primary data for studies that consider the elderly and clustering evacuation behavior in the event of a fire in a geriatric hospital.