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pISSN : 2733-8649 / eISSN : 2733-8657

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2022, Vol.28, No.3

  • 1.

    A Study on Implications and Planning Directions for the Development of a Modular Airborne Infection Isolation Ward

    Choi, Kwangseok , yoonhyunjin | 2022, 28(3) | pp.7~16 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    Purpose: This study aims to establish the basic directions of the modular airborne infection isolation(AII) ward. Considering a specific function and purposed use as a modular AII ward, it is a chance to derive an address of current modular technology by overview the limitation and improvement of the existing modular architecture. Methods: In addition to the literature analysis on the configuration system of mobile hospitals, research cases on the operational effectiveness of the domestic and foreign mobile construction systems are analyzed. Results: In order to meet the various and strict space guidelines of the AII ward and a chance to improve limitations of uniformed existing modulars, AII modular the negative pressurized care setting should be minimized a structural restriction for reflecting its system on a architectural plan. For this unique requirements, it could be possible to apply various space boxes called infill box which needs to secure a large-scale space. So, a rahmen structure system could be adaptable for this purpose. A dead space between beams of the rahmen structure is to be used for MEP installation. Partial separation, dismantling, and repair should be possible by separating the MEP and infill box from the structure. The infill box must keep 3.5m width under the current Road Traffic Act. Implications: It is necessary to utilize and develop an improved construction method that can reduce the problems of existing steel modular and PC modular.
  • 2.

    A Study on the Spatial Typology and Size of Health Examination Center Depending on the Operating System

    Son, Jihye , Cho, Jun-Young , Kim Uihyeon and 2 other persons | 2022, 28(3) | pp.17~26 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to classify space types according to the operating system of health examination centers and compare and analyze their sizes. Methods: Seven examination centers under the K Medical Research Institute with the same operating system and similar examination types and functional spaces are the subject of the investigation. Research is conducted through field investigation, user surveys, and drawing analysis. Results: The operating method of the health examination center can be largely divided into the function dispersed type and the function central type. The function dispersed type was planned as a vertical type, and the function central type was planned as a horizontal type. In the case of the function dispersed type, since the examinees move vertically to use the endoscope center and special examination center, the efficiency of the vertical movement must be considered when planning the function dispersed type of facility. The function dispersed type plans to increase work and manpower efficiency by arranging the areas used at the start and end of the examination. Because the function central type horizontally arranges related functions by area, it should be planned in a structure that makes it easy for examinees to find their way. Implications: Through this study, it is judged that it is possible to suggest architectural planning considerations that vary depending on the operation system of the examination center.
  • 3.

    Basic Studies on Establishment of Facility Guidelines for the Prevention of Infectious Diseases

    Choi, Kwangseok | 2022, 28(3) | pp.27~38 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    Purpose: This study tried to present basic data for establishment of facility guidelines and facility certification standards for the comprehensive prevention of infectious diseases in buildings. Methods: This study examines the concept of architectural countermeasures for the prevention of infectious diseases through literature reviews, and then classifies and organizes the countermeasures by viewing the infectious diseases hospitals as the top-level facility in terms of responding to infectious diseases. Results: At first, this study categorized and organized infection prevention countermeasures of infectious disease hospitals, which are the highest level facilities in terms of response to infectious diseases. And by presenting the concept of step-by-step setting of countermeasures for general buildings such as welfare facilities and multi-use facilities, which are lower-level facilities in the aspect of prevention of infectious diseases, this study tried to present basic data for establishing facility guidelines and facility certification standards for comprehensive prevention of infectious diseases in buildings. Implications: In the future, it is expected that spatial changes for the prevention of infectious diseases will spread to general constructions such as public buildings, private buildings, and multi-use facilities, and comprehensive infection prevention facility guidelines are needed.
  • 4.

    Utilizing Religious Facility Space for Neighborhood Elderly - Churches for elderly welfare

    Cheon, Seojin , Hyun-Bo Seo | 2022, 28(3) | pp.39~46 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    Purpose: Religious facilities often intend to contribute to surrounding neighborhood and local community. While motivated by religious aims, churches can play a role in social welfare for elders in local community. It is obvious that the role will be different from official social welfare services from government and this study aims to examine the possibility of churches in the role of elderly social welfare in terms of space and program. Methods: Researchers interviewed management of four existing welfare programs by churces in order to understand operation of social welfare program for elders by churches. The second step was case study of four churches in Suwon City area. The potential for social welfare space use for elders was examined. Results: Researchers found the role of churches in providing welfare relevant programs and services but its function is not well established yet. Financial support is needed and another support is need from welfare experts. Implications: While churches has not well established the role in elderly welfare in local communities, churches can further develop welfare services utilizing space, manpower, and activity programs.
  • 5.

    A Study on the Space Composition for Department of Delivery in Regional Public Hospital

    Park, Kyeong Hyeon , Shin Hwa Kyung , Choul-Gyun Chai | 2022, 28(3) | pp.47~54 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    Purpose: This study presents the analysis on space usage of delivery departments in regional public hospitals. The results intention is to achieve improvement of the delivery environment for the mothers and newborns regarding exposure prevention and efficient infection control. The purpose of this study is to provide fundamental data for architectural plans and guidelines for the delivery department. Method: The investigation and analysis were based on research papers, legal systems, public medical statistical data, and the architectural floor plan drawing. For research, 20 regional public hospitals with an operating delivery room were excluded. Regarding data accessibility, 15 regional public hospitals were selected. Results: To overcome the increased vulnerability of the delivery department, the research results of basic data is provided for the establishment to address urgent needs and rapid response. Thus, the research results are as follows: Firstly, the delivery department needs to respond promptly according to the type of patients. For example, in a case of emergency surgery, a connected circulation plan with the related departments is needed. Secondly, for the environment of the delivery area, alleviating anxiety is imperative for pregnant patients and guardians, labor, childbirth, and recovery. Therefore, these needs must be addressed for treatment space and circulation. Lastly, the delivery department is classified into three areas for analysis: access area, treatment area, and support area. In most of the delivery departments of the 15 selected hospitals, there is no space for the access and support area except for the labor and delivery rooms in the treatment area. For the access area, a waiting area, changing room for pregnant women and guardians, and a storage space for contaminated linens are required for infection prevention, safety, and efficiency. For the treatment area, childbirth processes and circulation should have space reserved for labor, delivery, recovery, examination, and treatment. In preparation for an emergency during childbirth, emergency response measures and supporting space needs to be established. For the support area, circulation and rooms are to be designed for medical staff support, activity space, storage and transportation of equipment, and urgent medical treatment. Implications: Along with the low fertility rate and the decrease of medical institutions that operate delivery departments, for the purpose of establishing a public medical service system and a healthy medical environment for mothers and newborns, the researched information demonstrates basic data on space plan of delivery departments in regional public hospitals.