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pISSN : 2733-8649 / eISSN : 2733-8657

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2023, Vol.29, No.2

  • 1.

    Comparative Analysis of Overseas Guidelines for Seclusion Room of Psychiatric Facilities

    Seung Ji Lee , Sunyoung Yoon , Yeo, Soyeon and 3 other persons | 2023, 29(2) | pp.7~16 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Purpose: Seclusion room in a psychiatric facility limit the body and space for treatment or protection, so controversy over human rights violations arises despite their necessity. The seclusion room should be created as an environment that can promote the recovery and healing of patients, not the purpose of managing patients. while ensuring the safety of medical staff. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to compare and analyze the standards of overseas guidelines for the seclusion room in psychiatric facility, and through this, it is intended to contribute to the improvement of facility standards for seclusion rooms in Korea, which are at a very insufficient level. Method: This study takes the method of comparative analysis through literature review. We analyze the facility standards of seclusion room in Korea, and compare and analyze guidelines for seclusion rooms in Australia, US, UK, and Canada. Result: As a result, the elements of the guideline for seclusion room were classified into size, space, opening, furniture and equipment, and etc. The results of comparative analysis of details are presented. Implications: Korea should also prepare guidelines for psychiatric institutions, and among them, the standards for seclusion room, which are at the center of controversy over human rights violations, should be reviewed in depth.
  • 2.

    A study on the accessibility and utilization satisfaction of health centers in rural area, Paraguay

    JI EON KIM , minah chung , Eun-Woo Nam | 2023, 29(2) | pp.17~26 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to identify policy implications for the construction of public health facilities in the field of international cooperation, by examining the case of establishing a health care delivery system using a public health center in a rural area of Paraguay. Methods: Firstly, to map the capacity of the 20 public health centers that were studied, we used the WHO Capacity Mapping tool to select and analyze relevant items. Secondly, to assess the utilization of public health centers, we conducted a direct visit survey and analyzed the results using the M-survey tool. Results: The floor plan of each public health center, the structure of the health center, the size of the population served by each health center, the number of monthly visitors, medical human resources, and the budget were classified by health center for comparative analysis. In addition, by utilizing the M-survey tool, we analyzed the general characteristics of the respondents, their perceptions of the purpose and accessibility of public health centers, their satisfaction with using public health centers, and the level of demand for public health centers to play a role in promoting community health. Implications: The results of this study suggest that access to public health facilities for residents in the research area was improved. By classifying public health centers into two types, these centers can perform the functions and roles of primary health facilities. A patient request and evacuation system was established in the research area. Finally, a network, such as a social prescribing program, is needed so that public health centers can function as a "setting" for community members to live together.
  • 3.

    A Study on the Universal Design for Public Sports Facilities to Promote Daily Life Sports of the Persons with Disabilities - Focused on the Public Sports Facilities in Seoul

    Ha, Chun , Bea, Yoongho | 2023, 29(2) | pp.27~37 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Purpose: Sports activities for life are an opportunity to fulfill the basic desire to be healthy and participate in society of the individual level, and it is also the realization of the trend of living together with persons without disabilities and persons with disabilities at the level of social inclusion. I try to propose to improve sports participation of persons with disabilities from the point of view of 'Universal Design.' Methods: Firstly, analysing of previous studies which to classify the barrier free certification standards to universal design’s 7 principles and which to investigate public sports facilities. Secondly, reanalyzing, based on UD 7 principles, the raw data of the research results of public sports facilities in Seoul. Thirdly. then, I suggest the improvement plan to promote public sports facilities for all the people including persons with disabilities. Results: The results of this study are that although the facilities have the basic accessibility, there were some inconveniences in using the facility for the elderly and the disabled. So I suggest a few method to improve the public sports facilities from the perspective of universal design : 1) Needs to expand ‘Bandabi Sports Center’ as a sports facilities for sports activities for life of all of people, 2) Needs to improve accessibility of existing public sports facilities and to raise awareness for the persons with disabilities and universal design, 3) Needs to produce ‘UD guidelines’ for the sports facilities.
  • 4.

    A Study on the Spatial Planning for the Establishment of Design Guideline for the Acute Psychiatric Ward in General Hospitals

    Jee, Soo In , Chai, Choul Gyun | 2023, 29(2) | pp.39~48 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Purpose: In Korea, the increase rate of the number of mentally ill patients increases, and the hospitalization period for severely mentally ill patients to stay in acute wards is long and the re-hospitalization rate is high. In order to improve the dignity of patients with acute mental illness and to plan a therapeutic environment for this, this study attempted to present a basic framework of spacial planning for establishing guidelines for psychiatric acute ward in general hospitals. Methods: By analyzing the acute psychiatric ward guidelines of the UK, Australia, and the US., this study analyzed the areas and required rooms of psychiatric acute ward in general hospitals, as well as the net floor area of each room, and the connection between the rooms. Results: As a result of the study, the basic framework for the ward areas and the required rooms, the net floor areas of the rooms, and the connection between the rooms were presented for the establishment of guidelines for the psychiatric acute ward in general hospitals. Implication: The results of the study will be used as a basic framework of space planning for establishing of guidelines for the psychiatric acute ward in general hospitals and will contribute to the establishment of detailed guidelines based on the space configuration through surveys and analysis of space use status, operation status, and expert interviews in Korea.
  • 5.

    Architectural Planning Study on Spatial Composition of Mobile Seclusion Module - Based on Modular Construction System

    Kim Sung Hyun , Yang, Nae-won | 2023, 29(2) | pp.49~60 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Purpose: This study aims to establish detailed spatial planning by identifying the needs for a seclusion module for emergency psychiatric patients. Methods: The necessity of medical space with seclusion function was analyzed from spatial, medical, and social perspectives. The needs for a space capable of performing three medical functions: protection, isolation, and treatment, was analyzed. Among various types of mobile medical facilities, seclusion space was considered suitable for utilizing modular construction methods, as it is the most rational method that can satisfy the environmental level of fixed healthcare facilities' space. Therefore, seclusion modules based on modular construction were planned, consisting of two protective units for stabilizing patients with psychiatric illness, one for treatment unit that can accommodate both internal and external treatment, and another one for an infectious disease isolation unit equipped with negative pressure equipment. Implications: This study analyzed the necessary medical functions of the interior space of the mobile stabilization module based on the spatial analysis of existing medical facilities, and proposed alternative spatial configurations according to treatment, seclusion, isolation functions.