The recent change of the medical treatment market is reforming the hospital space. The death-rate caused by cancer diseases is increasing in the domestic and outside of the country. The specialized hospital for cancer patients must be required. This study analyzed the space structures of the main section in cancer hospitals with the comparison analysis method. Space structures of domestic cancer hospitals are not specialized comparing to other nations' cancer hospitals. The conclusion of this research is that we need the architectural planning standards of the specialized cancer hospital through the space structure mainly concerning patients.