Aims 1. Military history research compilation, which is the original mission of the Institution for Military History 2. A Study on the war and military history from traditional era to Contemporary era 3. Expand the field of research in military history, and improve the level of research Scope 1. Historical contents of domestic and foreign military policies, systems, and war 2. Contents of the political, diplomatic, and military sectors related to the national defense and security which suitable for the characteristics of military history 3. Research papers, book reviews, research trends, data introduction, research paper translation, etc. related to sub-paragraphs 1 and 2
This study inquires if the remains and their leftover objects collected by an excavation of the Korean War fallen could be used as essential historical source for the research of Korean War history. The fallen who were dead in the middle of battle did not receive any proper attention from existing studies. Along with the excavation which has been conducted as the 50th anniversary commemorative project of the Korean War, the objects left over by the fallen began to get spotlighted for the first time. The Korean armed forces confronted the outbreak of war in the absence of experience and a record system, especially the case of the war fallen. The outcome of this excavation in the current situation is the critical source for an empirical understanding of the existence of the Korean War fallen.
North-Gyeongsang Province is the area where the sacrifice of the Korean soldiers eventually got the opportunity for counterattack: the defense line of the Nakdong River had been built there in alliance with the military forces of United Nations by a delaying action throughout the region of Sobaek Mountains. The distribution of the Korean War fallen in the major battlefields of Gyeongsangbukdo shows that in the battlefields such as Punggi, Andong, Mungyeong, Yeongdeok, Uiseong, and Chilgok, which had been recorded in the existing research of war history, a significant number of the fallen were excavated. Moreover, the excavated number of the fallen in the battlefields of Pohang and Yeongcheon exceeds the previously expected scale, which makes a new base to re-confirm the existing studies of the Korean War history.
The objects excavated with the Korean War can be classified by types as weapon, ammunition, clothing, military boots, equipment, and personal belongings. These are used as an essential material for identification: successfully analyzing the properties of objects by types can identify the nationality of the deceased person, i.e., to distinguish whether they are friendly or foe.
In conclusion, information on the remains and the objects of the Korean War fallen obtained by excavation can be used as historical source through the various ways of analysis. This allows a more empirical approach to the Korean War fallen who had been left just as an object of simple commemoration.
The purpose of this study is to examine the nature and operation of "the Korean Independence Army Reserve Units", which was established and operated after the Independence from the Japan Occupation, as a force supporting the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea and the Korean Independence Army. This study analyzed artifacts of the Korean Independence Army Reserve owned by KAM(Korea Army Museum) along with various media articles and photographs discovered in the 12th safe cabinet located in Seoul City Hall in 1972. Based on these materials, This study examine the establishment, activity, organization structure, and operation of the Korean Independence Army Reserve, and also analyzed the relationship with the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea and Korean Independence Army. In addition, This study compared the lists of discovered materials published by media in 1972 with the list of artifacts in KAM so that it can be used as basic data for the further additional investigation of artifacts of Korean Independence Army Reserve. This study is significant in a sense that it examined in detail the nature and operation of Korean Independence Army Reserve, which has not been clearly studied until now through analysing related historical materials and artifacts owned by KAM.
This paper analyzes the types and technical traits of gun carriages produced in the period of 1860∼70’s Joseon dynasty, and suggests that the influx of Japan made Cannons in Meiji period had heavy influence on Joseon gun carriage production.
Alarmed by western weapons used during Byeongin Yangyo, Joseon produced new types of weapons based on its understanding of the book of ‘Yangmoo’, which is Self-strengthening Movement texts from Qing. Production of gun carriages especially has shown drastic change, as exemplified by Unhyeon-gung Small Cannon Carriage. Compared to gun carriages produced under the influence of Qing texts on Self-strengthening Movement, Unhyeon-gung Small Cannon Carriage shows application of western military technology unobtainable from Qing texts alone. This strongly suggests that Joseon was able to obtain and directly investigate western weaponry instead of relying on Qing texts. This is supported by documents which Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan compiled during Meiji Period.
According to documents from Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan, Joseon has imported Yonkin Sanpo (4-Kilogram Mountain Gun), a type of Western Cannons produced by Meiji Japan, in 1873. Furthermore Japanese Enclave(Waegwan) in Choryang stored 4 Yonkin Sanpo and openly demonstrated their performance to Koreans. It is likely that production of Unhyeon-gung Small Cannon Carriage was heavily inspired by the influx of Yonkin Sanpo through Joseon-Japan trade and Japanese Enclave weapon demonstrations.
Moreover Joseon’s need to produce improved cannons after Sinmi Yangyo, coupled with Japan’s intention to dispose of outdated Yonkin Sanpo in ever-changing global arms market, has facilitated the production of Unhyeon-gung Small Cannon Carriage. In this regard Unhyeon-gung Small Cannon Carriage not only reveals continuous Joseon efforts to produce new weaponry from post-Byeongin Yangyo to 1870’s, but also implies the inclusion of Joseon into Global arms market through importation of Japanese Cannons.