Since the terrorist attack against the World Trade Center on September 11, 2001, the US military strategy has radically changed from the traditional concept of ‘contain and deter' to a new strategic concept of ‘deter and defeat.' Since September 11, the US has emphasized homeland security and actively led wars on terrorism in Afghanistan and Iraq.
The US strategy of force deployment has also radically changed under President Bush's leadership. In the past, the US leadership emphasized the strategic concept of ‘victory on two major theater wars' and pursued expansion of foreign military bases for its force deployment. However, since September 11, 2001, Bush administration has put more emphasis on force readiness against worldwide unpredictable multiple threats to the US and its allies' security. And the US changes its basic military strategy from the troop deployment strategy to power projection strategy directly from the US homeland.
This changes of the US military strategy directly influenced to the United States Forces in Korea (USFK). Bush administration intends transforming the USFK to rapid reaction forces, escaping from the role of trip wire in the north of Han River, in order to deploy them quickly into the conflicting areas in Asia-Pacific region. For this purpose, Bush administration pursues re-deployment of the USFK in the southern part of Han River.
In this article I will examine the US major official publications that directly influenced the US overseas force deployment strategy, and provide a prospect on the USFK future. Finally, I will propose policy suggestion for the prosperous future of the US-ROK alliance. The US and the ROK should pay more attention to strengthening the alliance rather than arguing the past unhappy happenings.