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2003, Vol., No.50

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    Changes in the Dfense Formation of the U.S. towards Russia, China, North and South Koreas -Based on Confidential Data Containing Strategic Information of the U.S. Side-

    Kim, Kee Joe | 2003, (50) | pp.137~168 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Soviet and U.S. Armed forces entered into the Korean peninsula in August and September, 1945, respectively. That was the beginning of the Russo-American confrontation. From that point on to Korean War in 1950, the United States and Soviet Union initiated the Cold War in Asia for the purpose of enlarging their territories into their sphere. At the same time, the United States and Soviet Union were engaged in strategic initiatives and intelligence maneuvers on the Korean peninsula. This confrontational situation was resulted into the hot Korean War. After consolidating their Communist system of government in the North, soviet Union exerted their efforts to enlarge their sphere of influence into South Korea by infiltrating and directing insurgency into the South. The United States XXIVth Corps also sparred no time to Mobilize their Humit and Comint abilities to Collect valuable information and intelligence on the part of Russians and North Korea, and they had certain success in that respect. The withdrawn American forces from South Korea in June 1949 did not go too far through Pacific, but most of them were relocated in Japan proper and Okinawa. As soon as the Korea War was broken out, they were the first ones to come to the aid of Korea, at the prompt directions by the American leadership and the Far East Command in Japan in order to repel the North Korean invasion forces and to unify the Korean peninsula at the close of war. Nonetheless, the American intelligence made fatal mistakes in their estimates on the Chinese intervention, even though they were provided with plenty of valuable information and intelligence. They say, all faults came about from MacArthur's habitual tendency of not compromising with his intelligence staff.
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    The Analysis of the Refugees in the Daegu Area during the Korean War

    Yang Yong-Jo | 2003, (50) | pp.197~232 | number of Cited : 7
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to examine and analyze the refugees and refuge policy during the Korean War. In the early period of the War, the lack of ROK government refugee control measures resulted in significant confusion and difficulties in controlling refugee movement. After the Taejon Battle, refugee control was a major concern of the ROK government. So the ROK government began to disseminate refugee control policies to protect the army as well as refugees and reduce impact of road-bound refugees on military operations. With certain exceptions, ROK policy restricting movement of refugees was established in late July, 1950. However, at some point, they escorted Koreans, in an effort to get them out of harm's way or to clear them away from the army ground positions. The Korean and U.N. army soldiers were legitimately fearful of the possible infiltration of North Korean soldiers who routinely entered the lines in groups disguised as civilians in refugee columns and then attacked their positions from the rear. These problems were overcoming partly in the period of the Walker Line. And as the ROK government was prepared in controlling refugees from December 1950, the refuge policy was resonable to clear and control the refugees of Jan 1951. This study was done to examine and analyze the refugees and refuge policy of 1950s and 1951s.
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    The Military Strategy and Historical Meaning of the Hansung Engagement in 475

    Chung, Jae-Yun | 2003, (50) | pp.281~310 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study aim to research the strategy and historical meaning of the Hansung Engagement in 475 because this Engagement changed the domain of East Asia. Therefore, the conclusion of this study is as follows. First, Koguryŏ was the supreme power of the Far East in the 5th century. Koguryŏ had moved her capital to Pyongyang in 427 because of the success of the oriented to west policy in the northwest. So Paekche organized a anti-Koguryŏ Federation with Silla, Gaya and Wa(倭). Therefore, Paekche took the leadership of the anti-Koguryŏ Federation. Paekche had taken the diplomacy measure to China. However, Paekche could not obtain the practical effect. And Koguryŏ also took the diplomacy measure to China. Therefore, China did not want to make war with Koguryŏ. On the contrary, Koguryŏ wanted to assault the Hansung area to protect the attack of the anti-Koguryŏ Federation. Second, Koguryŏ made the project to attack the Hansung area. And Koguryŏ made the strategy plan on attacking the Hansung area step by step. At first, Kogurea secured the strategic positions: Horokoru-castle walls(瓠蘆古壘城), Acha-castle walls(阿且山城), Chilchung-castle walls(七重城), and Monchon-castle walls(夢村土城). Third, Koguryŏ used strategic positions rather than the road. Koguryŏ had an aim to use the strategic positions to secure the Han-river after the Hansung Engagement. If Koguryŏ had lost these strategic positions, she would have lost the territory. And the oriented to south policy of Koguryŏ brought down the power of the Koguryŏ in East Asia. Therefore, Tang-dynasty was born in China. After that, Tang-china and Silla attacked Paekche and Koguryŏ. The Hansung Engagement of Koguryŏ played a decisive role in changing the domain of East Asia.
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    The Korean-France War in 1866 and Hang Sung Kun -The Distorted War Hero in a Biography-

    Cho, Jae-Gon | 2003, (50) | pp.311~343 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    Han Sung Kun(1833~1905) was a low level soldier as a sergeant at arms in Munsoo mountain fortress, when the French invaded Kanghwado in 1866. But the Chosun thought that the Chosun gained a victory in the war. So the Chosun made a low level soldier Han Sung Kun to war hero. Han Sung Kun went to central political stage. And many anecdote about Han was made. He became a military exercises corps commander, and it was first modern military exercise in Chosun. Also he was privy to the Lee Jae Sun's coup plot in 1881. His house was burned by the people in 1882 military coup. He was noted by king's father(Heung Sun Dae Won Kun). Avoiding the conservative, he helped to modernize the Chosun Army. In the Seoul National University Central Library, I found the book, The Korea-France War in 1866-General Han's life, published in 1928. This book, published by Song Hyun Seok, wrote the Han's life, specially Munsoo Mountain fortress battle's leading part. This book wrote from Han's birth to his death. Definitely this book's index is as follow, his birth, baby period, youth period, activity, distinguished war services in the Korea-France War(1866), the Korea-America War(1871), Byulkikun officer, connection with military coup in 1882, local officer, retirement, death. Because of biography for the public, this book have many overstatement. Also this book took information by word of mouth and writers imagination. In spite of that, this book have many data for Han's activity. In this biography, the writer gave general Han soldier sprite. The writer wrote Han's life before and after Munsoo mountain fortress battle. In this book, the writer combined the popular commercialism and great man extol.