Korean | English

pISSN : 1598-317X / eISSN : 2713-8992

2020 KCI Impact Factor : 0.66
Home > Explore Content > All Issues > Article List

2006, Vol., No.61

  • 1.

  • 2.

    Southern Territories of Ungjin, Baekje Period

    KIM BYUNG NAM | 2006, (61) | pp.33~60 | number of Cited : 10
    Abstract PDF
    This study aims to research how the southern territories of Baekje(百濟) was changed in the Ungjin Period. First of all, the period of King Dongseong(東城王), the southern area of Baekje started to advance into Irim(爾林; Imsil) in the upper area of Seomjin River(蟾津江) in the 9th of King Dongseong and into Gwangju(光州) and Naju(羅州) in the 17th(495). Then, in the 20th, Baekje subdued Tammora(耽牟羅; Gangjin & Haenam), and 10 years after that, Tamra(耽羅; Jejudo) on the southern ocean, also, was subdued. During the reign of King Muryeong(武寧王), Baekje attacked against the great Gaya and expanded its territory to the areas of the Seomjin River ranging from Gimun(己汶; Namwon) to Daesa(帶沙; Hadong). This means the achievement of the southern policy that Baekje aggressively had developed after the transfer of the capital to Wungjin. Futhermore, the occupation of Daesa(Hadong) means having a command of the communication with Wae(倭) through the Southern Sea and securing the strategic bridgehead to advance to the areas of the Nakdong River, including Jinju and Haeman. As a result, during the reign of King Dongseong and King Muryeong, overcame the confusing periods of King Munju(文周王) and King Samgeun(三斤王) and more firmly expanded their territory to the province of Jeollado(全羅道) in the south, and Baekje got the recognition that ‘Baekje became a powerful country' from surrounding countries.
  • 3.

    Goguryeo’s Warhorses

    서영교 | 2006, (61) | pp.61~90 | number of Cited : 1
  • 4.

    Col. Potiata's, Russian Officer in charge of thetroops, Policy for the Korean and the Far East

    김영수 | 2006, (61) | pp.91~120 | number of Cited : 8
    Abstract PDF
    The study of Col. Potiata's, the Russian Officer in charge of the Korean troops, Policy for the Korean and the Far East shows that Russian's policy in Korea was preservation of independence, territorial inviolability and integrity of Korean state. Gojong's flight to Russian legation and his more than a year's was not the manifestation of Russia's aggressive towards Korea. On the contrary, Russia did not avail herself the extremely opportune situation for annexation of Korea establishing of the protectorate over her. Gojong had moved from the Russian legation to his Palace and guarded by his troops officered by Russians. Col. Potiata's, the Russian Officer in charge of the Korean troops, did give the Gojong's assurance that he could protect him, and that he did this without first consulting Mr. Waeber. Potiata' was executed that the arrival in Korea of fourteen Russian Officers for the purpose of drilling the Korean troops, and it was intimated that “many more Russian Officers” was expected to arrive for the same purpose.
  • 5.

    On the Settlement of the Border Conflict Betweenand China

    Deokkyoo Choi | 2006, (61) | pp.121~156 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    China and Russia reached the final agreement in 2005 over their eastern border, putting an end to 40 years of negotiation. They exchanged ratification documents by their parliaments agreeing to share around fifty-fifty the last disputed land. China and Russia share a 4300- kilometer-long border. Peaceful settlement of the border issue was a great achievement that all disputes between the two neighbors regarding the border issue were in history. By solving the border issue through peaceful consultation, Russia and China have set a good example for other countries in setting similar disputes. This article is aimed at demonstrating the peaceful settlement of the border issue was resulted in the normalization of political relations between Russia and China. The inconsistent claim by China that its former land which had been seized by Zsar Russia should be restored, was actually a propaganda for altering its asymmetrical relationship with Russia. This perspective provides effective explanation of China's declaration that it had no more territorial problem with Soviet at the time of concluding the Sino-Soviet “Good Neighbor Treaty", despite their long history of border disputes. In other words, the Sino-Soviet border disputes were not about territory but rather the different their political relations. Yet Russians remain suspicious of China's longer term intentions. Chinese historians continue to denounce the current borders as unfair and imposed on China by Russia in the 19th century, and Chinese children are still being taught in school that Russia took away the Far East from China by force. In conclusion, paying due regard to altering of the Russo-Chinese relationship, we must watch attentively the border issue.
  • 6.

  • 7.

    The Change of a Tactical Formation in theepublic

    Bae Eun Suk | 2006, (61) | pp.201~234 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    The tactics of a phalanx was introduced into Rome from Etruria in the sixth century. After Rome incorporated Etruria, she contended against Gallia and Samnium, and penetrated into the weak points of a phalanx in the fourth century. The weaknesses were that the defeat of a part of files was connected the collapse of a whole formation, that a phalanx was restricted by the lay of the land, and that a mobility lacked because the legionaries were standing densely in the phalanx. The organization for overcoming the weaknesses was a maniple divided velites, hastati, principes, and triarii. The battle method of a maniple was a sequence attack from the velites took charge of a combat in outpost to the triarii composed of the veterans. Therefore, the defeat of a part of files was not connected the collapse of a whole formation. And a maniple could deploy in a small area. Marius reorganized a maniple into a cohort. The peasant fell by the development of latifundium and the supply of low-priced slaves. The decrease of the peasant-soldier meant the weakening of military strength. Marius permitted the plebs without property enlisted, in order to increase the number of the legionaries. The advantages of a cohort were a commander could try diverse tactics because all of the legionaries equipped the same armament, could convey quickly an order to the legionaries, and could utilize the legionaries with having wide experience. And the relationship between the legionaries was strengthen in a cohort. The tactical formation of the Roman Army was changed by the condition of enemies, or by economic situation. Rome didn't stick to one organization, but carried out diverse systems for improving the weaknesses of existing organization. An important factor of success of Roman Army was an attitude of the Romans that was trying to improve the weaknesses, and to realize diverse methods by the existing state of things.
  • 8.

    The Practical Approach to the Principles of War

    Park Hwee Rhak | 2006, (61) | pp.235~268 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    Recently discussions were started on whether the traditional Principles of War would be still relevant in the current information age, what kind of change would be appropriate, if necessary, and what principles should be included or excluded. These questions are very relevant under the huge changes made by information technologies. However, if we consider the minimal progress made on the Principles of War despite a few intensive research efforts in the past, we need to question about the productivity of traditional approach on the Principles of War, and move our focus on more productive and practical issues on the Principles of War. Before considering any changes to the traditional Principles of War, we need to ensure that those principles are fully utilized in planning and execution of military operations and develop a detail contents for everyone to understand quickly and easily. In this sense, this article explained the concept and background of the Principles of War, raised some problems on the current approach to them, and recommended some changes on the focus of the research on the Principles of War. The recommendations are as follows. First, we should categorize the principles based on importance of each principle in the victory of war in order to understand them in a holistic way and put more emphasis on more essential principles. Second, we should systematically arrange and enrich the explanations of each principle for an easy and comprehensive understanding instead of making them concise by deleting controversial sentences. Third, we should develop the procedures which can ensure the application of those principles to the planning and execution of military operations. Finally, we may need to think about changing the title, the Principles of ‘War,' in order to reduce the confusion caused by the different concept modern war from traditional one in which the original Principles of War began.
  • 9.

  • 10.

    Reinterpretation of International-Law onorce after 911

    남승현 | 2006, (61) | pp.297~334 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    This article explores the international law governing self-defence. Developments since the conclusion of World WarⅡ, such as the emergence of international terrorism and rogue states and the easier availability of weapons of mass destruction, have placed enormous strain on the bright line rules of the UN Charter system. Particulary, after 9⋅11 attack so many international law professor argue that more temporal imminence and more on the magnitude of potential harm and the probability of an attack. Among of them, professor John Yoo, further argues that the consensus academic view on self-defence-that force is justified only as a necessary response to an imminent attack. Firstly he criticizes the current UN Charter system's regulation of the use of force and describes challenges that have emerged during postwar period. He also criticizes current self-defence doctrine and argues that it must take into account threats that go beyond the great power conflicts that worried the creators of the UN Charter system. Working within the existing legal structure, it develops an approach that expands the concept of imminence to include the magnitude and probability of an attack. Finally he conclude by suggesting a different model for the use of force that maximize the stability of the international system. Like this, re-interpretation of international law very closely related to international system. It means that the standards of using force changing now, and will change more than before. In this situation, I argue that we must know about international-law exactly and also know about changeable situation.