The purpose of this study is to examine and analyze the refugees and refuge policy during the Korean War. In the early period of the War, the lack of ROK government refugee control measures resulted in significant confusion and difficulties in controlling refugee movement.
After the Taejon Battle, refugee control was a major concern of the ROK government. So the ROK government began to disseminate refugee control policies to protect the army as well as refugees and reduce impact of road-bound refugees on military operations.
With certain exceptions, ROK policy restricting movement of refugees was established in late July, 1950. However, at some point, they escorted Koreans, in an effort to get them out of harm's way or to clear them away from the army ground positions.
The Korean and U.N. army soldiers were legitimately fearful of the possible infiltration of North Korean soldiers who routinely entered the lines in groups disguised as civilians in refugee columns and then attacked their positions from the rear. These problems were overcoming partly in the period of the Walker Line.
And as the ROK government was prepared in controlling refugees from December 1950, the refuge policy was resonable to clear and control the refugees of Jan 1951. This study was done to examine and analyze the refugees and refuge policy of 1950s and 1951s.