The purpose of this study is to survey the Japanese Forces Intervention and the process of the Donghak Peasant War. Since 1882, Japan prepared for the war against Qing(淸) China by strengthening its military forces, and some military officers planed the Invasion of the Joseon as early as in 1887. The Donghak Peasant Army rose in March, 1894, and Japan decided to dispatch her 5,000 soldiers to Joseon one day before Joseon asked Qing, China for the military assistance. Japan rejected to withdraw its army despite Joseon's repetitive request and Qing's proposition of simultaneous withdrawal of their troops from Joseon. Further Japan occupied the Gyeongbok Palace on June 21 and disarmed the Joseon Forces. Two day after, Japan attacked Qing. The second uprising of the Peasant Army began from September 10, and Japan responded by dispatching more troops, leading to the massacre to the early of 1895.
The Peasant War became centered around the anti-Japan issues. But, the increasing conflict between the leading group including Jeon Bong-jun and peasants resulted in failure of the series of reforms. This also brought the conservative nature of nationalism which was just being formed among the peasant groups. While the First Peasant War focused on the issue of
‘people’, Japanese Military Invention turned the focus to the issue of ‘nation’.