The Employment of Aircraft & Warship during the Korean War
This study is to analysis the employment of aircraft and warship of friendly or foe during the Korean War. During the Korean War (1950~1953), friendly forces including the ROK Armed Forces and UN Allied Nations including the USA, and foe forces including the North Korean People's Army (NKPA) and Chinese Communist Forces (CCF), employed the various kinds of weapon system.
The Korean War was the International War that executed the massive of weapon, and the Limited War in the employment aspect of weapon system. Major weapon system employed in the war, were the conventional weapons such as tanks, armored vehicles, small arms, machine guns, mortars, and guns as the mobile weapon system though the nuclear, chemical and biological weapon had developed already, And also aircraft such as fighter, bomber, cargo, helicopter in the air, aircraft carrier, cruiser, destroyer, frigate on the sea were employed.
Through the analysis of aircraft and warship employed during the Korean War, we can obtain the lessons and effects to the war as the followings:
The importance of air and naval superiority is reconfirmed. After employment of MiG-15 Fighters by the Communist, tactical and skill for air combat was greatly changed. Helicopters were appeared newly for transport, search and rescue, evacuation. Close Air Support (CAS) was effective for ground forces, but system and equipment for request and equipment need to be developed. Sweeping Mines in the sea was very hard to operate. The value of Aircraft Carrier is reestimated as a key naval forces.
Throughout the Korean War, we can have an opportunity to understand that the weapon suitable to the Korean peninsula need to introduce and employ, the doctrine need to develop, and the performance of weapon system need to modify and develop, too.