Since the end of the Cold War, international security environment has been momentously changed, and newly emerged non-military threats have been serious concerns for national security. The nontraditional threats have changed each country’s notions of national strategy and challenged its armed forces accordingly. To cope with this challenge, the military is conducting important missions conceptualized as military operations other than war (MOOTW).
Since the PKO dispatch in 1993, MOOTW has becoming overriding issue in Korea, and lots of researches have been conducted to develop the concept, application and type of MOOTW. Most of the studies, however, have been based on the examples of the US and mainly focused on the military perspectives, creating problems and limitations to apply them in the actual Korean situations. Since MOOTW involve both combat and noncombat elements, the participation and coordination of various government agencies and civil organizations are essential. Thus, the goal of this paper is to develop the optimal policy option for Korea in regard to developing MOOTW by comparing the case studies of the US, NATO, and Australia.
The case studies show that the development of MOOTW should start with the awareness of security environment and entail an appropriate operational type to the Korean situation. Along with that, political legitimacy, unity of effort, and institutionalized legal system should be involved. The establishment of the institutionalized legal system of MOOTW is essential because it is not a matter of choice but a requisite in Korea.