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pISSN : 1598-317X / eISSN : 2713-8992

2020 KCI Impact Factor : 0.66
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Aims   1. Military history research compilation, which is the original mission of the Institution for Military History   2. A Study on the war and military history from traditional era to Contemporary era   3. Expand the field of research in military history, and improve the level of research Scope   1. Historical contents of domestic and foreign military policies, systems, and war   2. Contents of the political, diplomatic, and military sectors related to the national defense and security which suitable for the characteristics of military history   3. Research papers, book reviews, research trends, data introduction, research paper translation, etc. related to sub-paragraphs 1 and 2  

(Institution for Military History)

Citation Index
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  • Centrality Index(3yr) : 0.971
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Current Issue : 2022, Vol., No.122

  • A Study on the Fire employment of the R.O.K. Army and U.N. Forces during the Battle of Yongmunsan in May 1951

    Ryu, Eui-yeon | 2022, (122) | pp.1~36 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study attempts to research the fire employment of the 6th Infantry Division of R.O.K. Army and the 9th Corps of U.S. Armed forces in the Battle of Yongmunsan from May 17 to May 21, in 1951. The research on the history of combat has been carried out mainly in terms of maneuver, and the detailed analysis of the operation of firepower is insufficient. In order to understand the Korean War, the analysis of firepower was a key factor throughout the whole war, it is necessary to study the field artillery tactical manuals, command and control systems, weapons systems, and support systems of the artillery units of the U.N. Forces at that time. For that, this study analyzes the ROK 6th Division’s combat reports, official publicized history of the Ministry of National Defense and the Army, testimonies of artillery veterans, records of the Chinese Communist Army and reports of Soviet military advisers, and reports of the U.S. 9th Corps. In the Battle of Yongmunsan, the U.N. Forces was able to stop the large-scale offensive operation carried out by Chinese forces based on the standard of using firepower, limitation by terrain and weather conditions, overwhelming artillery capabilities compared to the enemy, and sufficient logistics support. There were various problems during operations, but they were overcome by flexible firepower operations that were not fixed. Due to the strong and effective use of firepower, the 2nd Regiment of the ROK 6th Division was able to defeat the 63rd Army of China, which was three times larger.
  • The Navy Flag : the symbol of Republic of Korea Navy

    Shin, Seongjae | 2022, (122) | pp.37~80 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The Navy Flag represents and symbolizes Republic of Korea Navy(ROK Navy). This passage aims to discuss on the process of establishment for the flag, symbols inside it, and the historical meanings behind the Navy Flag, the representation of ROK Navy. The official and historical documentation of the Navy Flag can be found in the text "Republic of Korea Naval History" published in 1961 by ROK Navy Headquarters. The text writes that the Navy Flag was first announced in June 15, 1946, when the Joseon Coast Guard was established. The original Navy Flag had the same design as the present one, exhibiting the Taegeuk symbol and the crossed anchors on the deep blue background. However, the anchors do not appear on the Navy's pictorial album published at that time. The analysis on the flag revealed although it is true that the flag was established at the time of the Joseon Coast Guard, the flag only had the Taegeuk symbol on its background, missing the crossed anchors. It was not until the official launch of ROK Navy, August 15, 1948, that the Navy Flag had the crossed anchors on its background as it is today. The deep blue background, the crossed anchors, and the Taegeuk symbol, each one symbolizes the Korean seas surrounding the country, the naval solidarity, and Republic of Korea itself. It is certain that Admiral Son Won-il and Jung Geung-mo were the central figures in the making of the Navy Flag. Admiral Kim Young-chul, Admiral Kim Il-byung, and Jang Ho-geun are also likely to be involved in the process according to records, although further examination needs to be undertaken. Of all the patterns in the Navy Flag, Taegeuk is a unique pattern symbolizing Republic of Korea. However, the crossed anchors derive from the cap badges used by the United States Navy officers. The ROK Navy chose to adopt such pattern in times of the long-lasting close ties with the United States Navy. Thus, in terms of the history of patterns, the Navy Flag patterns include Taegeuk, the symbol of Republic of Korea and the crossed anchors from US Navy. After its establishment, the Navy Flag became the prototype model for the flags of the Navy units. It also influenced the badge of 30 year service for Navy officers and chief petty officers. The Navy Flag, which consists of Taegeuk and the crossed anchors, is also used in the insignias of naval officers.
  • The anti-Japanese song at Shingheung Military Academy and Gumsung school

    Kimmyungseob | 2022, (122) | pp.81~115 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The Graduates of Shinheung Military Academy(新興武官學校) and Gumsung School(儉成學校), the cradle of the Manchurian armed independence movement in the 1910s and 20s, made many anti-Japanese songs, and they sang, kept them together, and raised the spirit of independence. The ‘Korean national anthem(愛國歌)’ sung by Shinheung Military Academy was slightly different from the lyrics of the Korean National anthem in Chapter 12 of the Patriotic Song Book in 1910, and the tune seems to be "Auld Lang Syne." Singheung Military Academy song borrows ‘Marching Through Georgia’, and Shinheung-student unit price borrows ‘Swanne River’. Among the independent military songs, there is also a song that borrowed the tune of the Japanese Changga(唱歌) and changed it into patriotic lyrics, which changed the lyrics of the song from Gwangseong School's "The Collection of the Latest Changga" in 1914. As an example, ‘(Independent Army) Yongjinga(勇進歌)’ borrowed the Japanese Changga, and ‘The Thought of Homeland’ borrowed the tune of ‘Fallow Soldier(戰友)’, a Japanese soldier, and sang it as an anti-Japanese song. Since the March 1st Movements in 1919, the original copy of the song, known as the ‘March 1st Independence Movements Song(3·1運動歌)’, had been called by many exiles, indicating that the ‘Dogang song(渡江歌)’ is the original version of the song. However, Shinheung Military Academy was inevitably closed in June 1920 due to the Japanese army invasion. Since then, Yeojun(呂準), who served as the principal established and opened Gumsung School to succeed Shinheung Military Academy. Students at Geomseong School often sang ‘Shinheung Military Academy School Song’ and ‘Songs of Independence Army’ here. In particular, among the anti-Japanese songs sung by students, ‘Song of National Humiliation’ expressed on the indignity of being lost the country by Japan in 1910, "Baseball" sung on sports day, and ‘March of Victory’ sung as a military song of the independent army.