Persistence and Change of the Welfare Act of North Korean Disabled Persons: Focusing on the Amendment of the Disabled Persons Act
The objective of this study is to compare the ‘2003 Protection Act for the Disabled with the 2013 Protection Act for the Disabled in North Korea, and to track the sustainability and shifts of the North's welfare legislation. As a result of the analysis, sustainability is as follows: First, in the case of applicable objects, a comprehensive disability is still the main target. Second, in the case of cash benefits, the government maintains subsidies for the disabled who have completely lost their working capacity and child care support for the disabled pre-school persons. Third, in the case of wages in kind, the type of the wages focused on health care and treatment for the disabled is the same as before. Fourth, there is no shift in national, institutional, corporate or group-oriented burden entities in the case of the finance. Fifth, in the case of the transfer system, the existing vertical structure of the central organization is maintained. As for the change, first, seven types of disability and preference for disabled workers have been newly appended for applications. Second, in the case of cash benefits, general scholarship provision was supplemented for disabled pupils attending special schools. Third, in the case of wages in kind, there is no noticeable change according as existing types of wages are retained. Fourth, the biggest change is detected in the finance, and a foundation for the handicapped was newly established to diversify the window for funding. Fifth, in the case of the transfer system, a partial change is detected in the middle of maintaining the existing delivery system, which includes a preventive approach to disabilities of service-specialized agencies unlike in the past.