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pISSN : 1598-8457 / eISSN : 2508-4550

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2013, Vol., No.51

  • 1.

    ChoUng-Jeon, as Seen Hero’s Time and Hero’s Territory Graph -An Essay on Korean Classic Structure-

    Yongcheol Kim | 2013, (51) | pp.5~26 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The fictional process of ChoUng-Jeon, an korean hero novel, can represent the line and surface of a graph. On this graph, plot and charaters appear in order. This graph is a Hero’s Time and Hero’s Territory Graph. This graph display a curved line. It goes below and then goes up. This curve display hero’s fall and restoration. Hero and the world fall at the same time. And hero builds strength and relieves the world. Required time is ten years. In ten years the world delay the perishment and wait for hero’s relief. Hero’s time graph display a trial and preparation and messianic hero in turn. The messiainc hero is a fundamental form. The heroic time diplay a stage of fall-trial-preparation-restoration-peace time in turn. Hero’s time graph is Hero’s territory graph, too. The part below central line is hero ChoUng’s territory. This territory is in proportion to ChoUng’s heroic strength. This territory represents hero’s Mom. Hero’s Mom repeats the process of disaccord/accord of subjective/objective. In this process, Hero’s Mom drives ChoUng-Jeon forward. The characters appear on the stage in this graph. The characters represent three charactiristics. First, Father’s absence. Second, crossing appearance of upper/ lower class. Third, swinging appearance of exposing and disposing characters
  • 2.

    The Research of Literary Exchange between Lee Hak-kyu and Han Jae-ryeom

    JUNG EUN JOO | 2013, (51) | pp.27~48 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    Lee Hak-kyu and Han Jae-ryeom met for the first time since 1793, before being exiled in 1801, the friendship was more than anyone. They visit each other’s house and gave writing, and book through the exchange of academic consensus has formed. And deep friendship of two men after the death of Han was continued until his son. In addition, the friendship of two men just does not stay on the level of giving and receiving for poetry, including book exchange has been expanded to the area of intellectual exchange. As time passes after the two men formed a common area of academic interest. Meanwhile,the friendship of two men of the researchers were out of sight. But the two men who went into exile than before to maintain a thick friendship and literary consensus was formed. The search for their friendship, relationships of the late Joseon scholars will be able to present a new aspect. Furthermore, each of them used to study the literature and studies shall be deemed to provide rich nourishment.
  • 3.

    Gegensätzliche Elemente im Werk Erdbeben in Chili von Heinrich von Kleist

    SHIN JONG RAK | 2013, (51) | pp.49~68 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    Als Schriftsteller lebte Kleist in der Zeit der Klassik und Romantik. Dennoch zählt er nicht zu Klassik und Romantik, sondern entwickelt seinen eigenen Stil. Seine Novellen enthalten dramatische Elemente vor allem bei der Beschreibung der Figuren. Die spezielle Konfiguration und die konfrontative, extreme Darstellung in seinen Werken gehören zu keiner bestimmten literarischen Strömung, deshalb bleiben seine Werke in literarischen Kreisen lange unbeachtet. Zunächst schreibt Kleist Dramen, später Novellen. Seiner Meinung nach ist das Drama anständiger und wertvoller als der Roman. Er muss jedoch aus wirtschaftlichen Gründen Romane schreiben. In seinen literarischen Werken sind folgende Elemente zu finden: Intensive Emotionen, Unbewusste Kraft, Tod,Leben Freude, Trauer, Hoffnung und Verzweiflung. Die gegensätzlichen Elemente erscheinen in seinen Werken als wichtiges Motiv. Kleist studiert Kant, wodurch sein Vertrauen in die absolute Wahrheit über die menschliche Vernunft erschüttert wird. Schließlich kommt die Erkenntnis hinzu, dass es unmöglich ist, die Wahrheit zu erkennen. Während Kleist Rousseau studiert, entdeckt er die grundlegenden Werte der Menschen. Er versucht nach dem Sinn des menschlichen Daseins zu suchen. Rousseaus stellt die Behauptung auf, dass verschiedene Klassen von Menschen einander lieben und zu ihrem natürlichen Zustand versöhnen. Nachdem Kleist Rousseaus ‘Gesellschaftsvertrag’ liest, träumte er von einer idealen Gemeinschaft,muss aber zugeben, dass es eine Fantasie ist.
  • 4.

    Quest for Self in Zeffirelli’s The Taming of the Shrew

    Chon, Byongsok | 2013, (51) | pp.69~86 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    Franco Zeffirelli’s The Taming of the Shrew, upon its release in 1967, received both academic and public attention not only because it starred Elizabeth Taylor and Richard Burton, the then-married star couple, as Katherine and Petruchio, but also because it optimized the advantage of film for a creative adaptation of Shakespeare. In this paper, I explore how Zeffirelli uses Shakespeare’s induction of the play to invite the spectators to the world of the filmed Padua. I argue that, by using four different kinds of inductions, Zeffirelli elevates the spectators’ expectation and prepares them for an exciting fantastic turnover of the Paduan society. The four inductions-invitation to the energetic and idyllic Paduan society, studio realism producing picturesque images and scenes, a carnival that provokes and encourages overthrow of the preexisting order, and the starring of Taylor and Burton, famous enough to even overshadow Zeffirelli and Shakespeare- welcome the spectators to a pleasingly vivid screen where Taylor and Burton would certainly commit an act of disruptive idiosyncrasy. Also, by closely examining selected shots in the film, I demonstrate how Zeffirelli illustrates the issue of identity formation: how Katherine transforms herself from a socially defined shrew to an independent entity.
  • 5.

  • 6.

    Memory, Imagination and Symbol

    Kim, Jong-Gyu | 2013, (51) | pp.109~130 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    The aim of this paper is to criticize the digital externalization of memory from the point of view of humanities. This sort of externalization is based on the engineering approach which aims at realizing the ‘Total Recall’, with which the limitation of human biological memory is able to be overcome. But the origin of this approach is typically grounded on the modern thought. In the modern thought, the mechanism of human knowledge process was quite simply explained by regarding it as dualistic process. This explanatory simplicity makes the engineering approach encounter the modern thought. In the virtue of this simplicity, human memory can be identified with data stored in a computer’s memory. It is the main point from which ‘Total Recall’ starts. But,can we accept this the meaning of human memory? Human memory can be explained and understood in various ways, and this variety of explanation and understanding stems from the relation between human memory and imagination. Given the perspective of humanities, especially from the idea of Gilbert Durand and Ernst Cassirer, human memory and imagination is originally rooted in the human symbolic faculty. The ‘Mnemosyne’, which means the origin of the memory, is the very example of relation among these. So, in proceeding to explain the human memory and imagination, we should bear their own original meaning in mind. Much to our regret, the current engineering approach seems to be a great distance away from their original meaning. In this sense, there is a high probability of reduction of the meaning of human memory and imagination in the contemporary engineering approach of the human memory. It is important to question and elucidate the original meaning of human memory and imagination in this situation. This is very important in both humanities and engineering technology.
  • 7.

    Over the Converging toward the Harmonizing

    Jong Kwan Lee | 2013, (51) | pp.131~160 | number of Cited : 10
    Abstract
    Currently the academic research activities are mostly dominated by the research trend ‘Convergence’. Unfortunately the convergence are misused and even abused in various field including education without being reflected on the inherent content of it. This misuse and abuse of convergence implicates the danger to mislead the development of education as well as of academic research. In fact the convergence as has been first issued since 2002 in the NSF Report “Convergent technologies to improve human performance” has a very specified meaning in that the cutting edge technologies represented by Nao-,Bio-,Info and Cogno technologies can be converged on the material at nano scale. Seen from humanistic perspectives this NBIC convergence which has promoted mainly from economical reason to maximize the economic performance of human since then contains various kind of basic problems which require a critical reflection. The purpose of this paper is to reveal the basic problems implicated in the NBIC convergence, proposing the new way of academic collaboration based on the collaborative creativity.
  • 8.

    A Study on Patient-Physician Ralation Based on Conception of Contract

    Jang Dong-ik | 2013, (51) | pp.161~182 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    I first start to discuss about rationalism and, with this discussion, suggest a new vision which is out of old medical system having difficult problems which can disturb a development of medical society. I argument that though we knew only a little people have reason and rationality, rationalism know us we all have same reason and rationality. I observe how to be introduced ‘contract’ term in history of rationalism. And I verify that how ‘contract’ term is applied into the relation between physician and patent. I examine the advantage over disadvantage of reciprocal view which the contract model is belong to by this discussion about how ‘contract’ term is applied into the relation between physician and patent. I introduce Veatch’s four model of the relation between physician and patent in odrder to evaluation of reciprocal view. Contrasting with paternalism which is focussed on role of reason and reciprocal view which have an inclination to an establishment by ‘contract’ term in relation between physician and patent, I will suggest the possibility of a advisable relation between physician and patent.
  • 9.

    Eyes of Desire and Dynamic Energy of Life -Focused on ≪Hyewonjeonshincheop≫by Shin, Yoon Bok-

    Soyeon Eom | 2013, (51) | pp.183~202 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    It was from King Yeongjo to King Sunjo that genre paintings were prevailed. HYEWON(1758?∼1803 after this) was once HWAWON, but from twenties, he had been wandered as a outsider and got into townsmen in Seoul, so he painted well theirs enjoying, amusement, and daily occurrences in bar-whorehouse. ≪Hyewonjeonshincheop≫was the commercial paintings which expressed the taste and desire of the powerful noble family of Seoul changed to modern consumer society and the luxurious trends like noble of the new-rich class. In the late Joseon period, the view of painting was raised ‘new trend’. It also coincided with painting theorists’ ‘HYEONGSINGWEOMBIRON(theory of combining object with soul)’, namely, natural law could be perfected by painting with mastering the object. The want and senses image of ≪HWJC≫ is reproduced recomposed intentionally images by HYEWON in visual message. He creates the image not only in a simple looking but also in his internalized-senses work as ‘sensed’ man. His inner conscious is not halt in the representation of visual sense experience, but revives is his own image, that is, vivid tension of characters, through the setting of various time and space. Therefore, the image of Sin, Yoonbok is the credible medium for representation of desirer as well as the reduced everyday world. We can be caught naturally uncovered way of cognition through sensual hints -sound, smell, touch, and so on-which are prepared to visual image.