This study concludes following conclusion after investigating character of Gajip(歌集) gagok(歌曲) owned by yosei library.
First, Gagok of Yonsei university can be knowned as published documents in late 19th century because of expression of ujo(羽調) and namchang(男唱), also has similar character with Sigayogok(詩歌謠曲), Gagokwonryu(歌曲源流) of Ilseok(一石) those were in kind of late 19th century’s gagok coexisting Gagokchang(歌曲唱) and Sijochang(時調唱). By considering relevance between Choksakyeop(促數葉) derived from Dooger(頭擧) in early 20th century and Daedongpoonga(大東風雅), and usage poetic praises in Doongjaya, published year of Gagok of Yonsei university can be presumed from late 19th century to early 20th century.
Second, Gagok of Yonsei university included famous poetries in 18th and 19th century, it was confirmed that publisher compiled this gajip by referring to kind of Gajip(歌集) like Haedonggayo(海東歌謠) of Joo. Also Kim hong-seop and Kim yong-yun and Kim cheon-il was assumed that they were in same period and had relationships with each other.
Third, Gagok of Yonsei university expressed a sense of beauty in this age by changing lyrics from existing gajip. Early 20th century presumed possessing gagok in society was age that Japga(雜歌) dominated cultural hegemony of gachang by showing powerful ability to be sensational trend. In this period, reasons why Gagok didn't include Japga was that compiler wanted to possess traditional gagok genre. Those following five things can be mentioned as Character of this gajip, ① Passing down unfamous lyrics ② Derivative version ③ Exchanges with other genres ④ Changes of author ⓹ Flexibility of Sijochang.
In ordinary, it is natural that the Korean studies have taken more active interests and research activity in space of liberation from Japanese colonial rule. Contrary to public expectations, there were not much notable research results from traditional Korean studies in modern universities.
This involved in the scattered scholars because of an ideology confrontation in some ways. But it was more critical that modern universities must complied with education policy of the U.S Military Government in Korea(USAMGIK) which based on Western studies.
However, the stream of interests and research has continued on without ceasing until now due to a lot of effort of individual researcher and university research institutes. These activities were assessed as a foundation of an explosion of interests and researches in the Korean studies starting in the 1970s.
After (The)March First Independence Movement of 1919, the national liberation movements of colony Joseon Dynasty led subsequent ones in cooperation and conflict between the forces of socialism and nationalism. The conflict aspect in both forces is weightily treated because it can show an internal inverse relation. The movement that show the aspect is the Anti-christian movement in the mid-1920's.
This thesis is going to understand aspects of the movement and logic of Cheondogyo that was the leader of the Anti-christian movement in the middle of 1920. And it is also going to analyze how Anti-christian movement and the national united front relate in the process of movement.
Cheondogyo forces kept criticizing Christianity by the magazine, "Gyebyuk" that was published by themselves from 1924. Cheondogyo forces seperated other religions to 'established religions' except for themselves and then pointed out the problems and the false of 'established religions'. Especially, Christianity was the main target of the criticism as the 'established religion' because it had the most problems.
But the criticism of Christianity by Cheondogyo forces didn't was not about Christian religion itself. They insisted the problems of Christianity were the church forces who believe, not religion itself. Cheondogyo forces only criticized the church forces for preventing the situation their movement could happen to themselves in return.
The Anti-christian movement of socialist began through the Korean folk mover competition in 1925. At that time, the korean communist party was the forces that led the Anti-christian movement. They insisted a extremely radical proletarian revolution. Christianity that was related with bourgeoisie was the target of criticism because they insisted a extremely radical revolution, On the one hand, it reflected the korean communist party's stance that rejected the united front with 'compromising' and 'reformism' group.
The Anti-Chritian seminar that was planned in October 1925 was watershed as the Anti-Christian movement of the Communist Party. Even though it foundered on police, the Anti-Christian movement was greatly heightened. However, the Anti-Christian movement was regressed a bit by the construction of a new central leadership since February 1926. It was because the national united front policy of the new contructed central leadership was different from the old one's. It was also the result that was influenced by the international situation around Comintern.
It has been a decade since the new century and passed a three yearsafter the second decade of the century. At this time, this studyinvestigates the literary criticism of Korean-Chinese literature in 2012 inorder to evaluate the achievement of Korean-Chinese literary criticismduring the past three decades of China's reform and opening up.
Doraji, the Korean-Chinese literary magazine, has its own series ofarticles, named Bimonthly Criticism, on literary criticism by contrastwith other journals that only give a brief commentary on literaturespublished in it. The articles in Doraji shed light on renowned writersin Jirin(吉林) area, and the other literary journals focus on theanalysis of authors and works reviewed by old-timer critics andgraduate students. These show the feature of Korean-Chinese literarycriticism.
In Addition, the debate over so-called Totem poetry written by NanYong Qian(南永前) has been contentious for a few years. What is atissue in some articles published in 2012 is still the matter with regardto the appropriacy of writing material and the possibility of ecologicalliterature. Moreover, studies on literary theory and literary history form an important part of Korean-Chinese literary criticism. The serialarticles of Korean-Chinese literature in 1950s, written by Wu XiangShun(喬宮糠), reveal such an achievement of literary criticism.
Regardless of the circumstance that a shift in generations is not yet accomplished, it could be said that the literary criticism of Korean-Chinese in the new century have been carrying out its due mission. It is definitely possible for both of established and prospective critics to make their best endeavors to improve Korean-Chinese literature.
The community, however, is not without its problems. It is not exceptional that prospective researchers often leave the field of literary criticism because of their precarious lives. I hope that promising critics would have a chance to contribute to the development of Korean-Chinese literature.
The sentences which contain the comparative mark ‘bi(比, than)’ inChinese)was recognized as the most typical form of comparativesentences. They are widely used in both spoken and written Chinese. For that reason, the foreign students, especially for Korean student inthe every stages of learning Chinese will be familiar with these kindof sentences. However, the Korean students, because of their differentmother-language backgrounds and/or their lack of relevant Chineseknowledge, sometimes make mistakes or misunderstand these kind ofsentences. With the purpose of making the Korean students avoidmistakes during their learning the numeric comparative sentences, thisarticle will focus on the current research results related to numericcomparative sentences and make a study on the parts which arehelpful to teaching. At the same time, in order to make the researchbe more targeted and practical, this article will focus on the ‘numericcomparative sentences’ whose conclusion item is adjective or verb with number. By researching the mistakes made by korean students, this article will get the notes and teaching guides for the future teaching.
This thesis deals with the various aspects of the traditional easternand western law. With this purpose, I intend to discuss on thefollowing basis ; first, Judicial Decisions by the Principle from Springand Autumn Annals which is considered as the traditional chinesecase law; second, the Twelve Tables which formed a basis of RomanLaw in the Roman period. Although the original historical recordsmentioned above are now disappeared and there are a few offragmentary references only left, in the view that Judicial Decisions bythe Principle from Spring and Autumn Annals and the Twelve Tablesis each the origin of eastern and western law and have a differenthistory of development, this study is worthy of comparing it.
The theme of this paper is for a new understanding of familiarimages in our ordinary lives. With the advancement of diverse mediain today’s society, we are exposed to stimulation from brilliant visualimages from the moment we wake up in the morning. Theadvancement of such technologies has made the production anddistribution of images easier, and people’s lives today cannot bementioned without being separated from images; as such, today’speople are flooded with images in their lives. However, most of theimages are artificial ones that merely possess superficial meanings,and they are images without any resonance. For that reason, it wasconcluded that this is a period in which the original role of imagesshould be considered. A chapter of new perceptions about images is tobe opened by describing images of the past, which played the role ofdelivering a specific meaning by transcending the rational perceptionof people.
Originally, an image stemmed from an activity that expressed thedesires of ancient people. They tried to change reality throughcommunion with images that they drew, and incantation began on thisbasis. That is, it would be correct to see that an image originatedfrom the nature of incantation. This paper considered that it is most important to think about the attributes of such an image. Also, it isthe essence of this paper to view images anew by introspection onthe fundamental meanings of the images that inundate contemporarysociety.
There are many resources in conflict between Patient and medicalprofessionals; a different point of views about relationship of Patient andmedical professionals, a different point of views about what is justicein society, a different point of views about what is duty or privilegeof medical professionals, a different point of views about duty ofbeneficence, etc. For all that, the different point of views about dutyof beneficence depends on the different point of views about what isduty or privilege of medical professionals. Therefore the main origin ofthe conflict between patient and medical professionals is the differentpoint of views about what is duty or privilege of medicalprofessionals, so it should be first discussed. Then it is need to beconsidered what is duty or privilege of medical professionals and whatrelation is between duty of beneficence and privilege of medicalprofessionals. So I will investigate the qualification and requirement ofprofession and its ethical characters. then I will explain the duty ofbeneficence which is supposed as a core of profession ethics. My aimin this paper is to clarify extent and range in duty of beneficence.