This article sought to clarify the conflicts that occur among the familiues and the generations of the ethnic Koreans society overseas, with much focus on maintenance of ethnic identity and role as a member of the country they live.
The collapse of the Soviet Union has changed the customs, traditions, norms of family life of Koreans living in CIS and Kazakhstan. However, this phenomenon can provide a new clue to the revival of ethnic Koreans.
Residents of multi-ethnic countries were not only required to possess a certain culture of the ethnic parties but also to have the basic qualifications, virtue and competence to live as the citizens of a multi-ethnic country. This sense of shared commitment underlies the basis of the Kazakhstan community today.
Ethnic Koreans living in Kazakhstan are finding in the family a form to preserve their traditions and maintain national self-consciousness. I regarded the family as an important parameter. So in order to maintain the extended family system, they wanted to hold a hierarchy of families and family members. After the dissolution of the Soviet Union, however, there appeared diverse problems: weakening of traditional families, nuclearization of families and the conflicts among the generations, between husband and wife, and between men and women in the wake of women’s advance into society or the job market.
Today, the rise in the cases of mixed marriages in the ethnic Korean families results in new conflicts among generations and families. However, according to family members, especially the role of mother sometimes acts as a positive instrument to accommodate the cultures of various people and communication. Mixed marriage-tied Korean families need to forge a culture of positive, integration and communication, rather than focusing on conflictual elements of the national culture. This entirely starts from the family.
With the collapse of socialism, there are aspects that strengthen the nationalist policy of Kazakhstan. However, this effort succeeded and a new awareness of national consciousness and a need to elevate the tradition of ethnic minorities may appear. With the expansion of relations with South Korea, ethnic Koreans, especially the younger generations, are increasingly making efforts to share and learn the language and culture of Korea.