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2018, Vol., No.71

  • 1.

    The Meaning of the Work and the Age of Technological Revolution

    Kim, Jong-Gyu | 2018, (71) | pp.5~35 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Human work is the fundamental cultural activities in that human beings have built their own unique cultural world through the work. This public meaning of the work collapsed in the wake of the industrial revolution, after which human production activities have been restricted to those using tools. As a result, Homo faber was reduced to a tool-using man, rather than a tool-making man, and the cultural meaning of the Homo faber has become extremely narrow. In this process, the new technological revolution is understood from the two standpoints. One is that human work is no longer attributable to the private realm, and the other is the boundary of human activities has been extremely restricted. These two are not separate facts, and in this respect they are both a crisis to man and an opportunity at the same time. In order to make this an opportunity, it is necessary to pursue and criticize the meaning of human work that has been distorted since the modern era, and to examine the meaning and possibility of human work that can cope with the age of new technological revolution.
  • 2.

    The Fourth Industrial Revolution and Democratization in the Workplace

    Jong Kwan Lee | 2018, (71) | pp.37~70 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    Since 2016, South Korea has taken part in the Fourth Industrial Revolution and has endeavored to stand at the forefront of the global movement. However, the nation’s vision for the Fourth Industrial Revolution still relies heavily on the 4th Industrial Report of the World Economic Forum (WEF), which is led by Davos Forum, and has been biased toward the market-oriented technology. The government has declared a human-centered fourth industrial revolution, but the discussions over and the studies about humans are not easily found. At the present time—being the starting point of the Fourth Industrial Revolution—the number of antisocial economic activities such as the speculation on real estate and virtual currency is rising. In this context, this paper critically examines our current economic and cultural situation and reveals human existence as Homo Culturalis in order to make the Fourth Industrial Revolution a truly human-centered revolution. By re-illuminating the Fourth Industrial Revolution of Germany which has enjoyed a socio-economic prosperity based on the human understanding of Homo Culturalis from the perspective of its social market economy, the paper identifies the locomotive power of the Fourth Industrial Revolution as democratization in the workplace, rather than artificial intelligence (AI). In conclusion, the paper deals with the future role of the enterprises—which are the actual driving force of the Fourth Industrial Revolution in South Korea— after drawing the implications from the case study of the Fourth Industrial Revolution in Germany.
  • 3.

    A Study on the Methods of Knowledge-sharing and Their Application In the Era of Technological Revolution

    Kim, Insuk | nam, yuoosun | 2018, (71) | pp.71~96 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    The greatest competitive edge in the era of the fourth industrial revolution, the era of technological revolution, is the convergence ability based on networking of various academic fields. Convergence competency can be reinforced by sharing interdisciplinary knowledge. For example, a humanities major can share knowledge in different fields of study with a major in natural sciences and vice versa. Time and technology are changing too fast to perceive all areas alone without sharing knowledge. Therefore, it is necessary to create an environment in which different kinds of knowledge can be shared in the sector of college education. So how do you share knowledge? In this paper, we propose a framework of knowledge sharing program in universities by conducting ‘a science slam’ and ‘a learner-centered teaching method’, which are the representative knowledge sharing programs in Germany, for university students. Under the slogan ‘Everybody is a teacher, everybody is a learner’, we introduce the examples of learners of various fields sharing knowledge with their counterparts in other academic disciplines. Such an attempt could be the foundation of knowledge sharing in the new era.
  • 4.

    Another Method for Remembering and Representing the Jeju April 3 Incident - Focusing on the Documentary Film “Jeju Prayer” -

    Cho, Myung-Ki | 2018, (71) | pp.97~132 | number of Cited : 1
    This study will examine how the past and the present collide with each other or encounter by intervening in the opposite entity and how the two can converge on the thematic consciousness of the Jeju April 3 Incident by analyzing the documentary film “Jeju Prayer (2012)” as a text dealing with the memory of the historic incident. The film “Jeju Prayer” is not only a prayer (exorcism) but also a pilgrimage/dark tour. The film repeats the collision and intersection of the two processes by constructing the process of prayer (exorcism) and the process of pilgrimage/dark tour incongruously and in a multi-layered level simultaneously. Through this, the real task of mourning cannot but ceaselessly and continuously be carried out by the present gaze of the agent of mourning, and the Jeju April 3 Incident is preserved as an ‘event’ that would neither be the same nor extinct, located between presence and absence. A place that is actively summoned as it names the Jeju April 3 Incident ‘an event’ is Gangjeong Village, in particular, Gureombi Rock, where Jeju-do Naval Base is being constructed. The camera pays attention to the victims of the Jeju April 3 Incident, who still keep silence, rather than the outsiders who characterize Gangjeong Village into a place where the pros and cons opinions exist over the issue, and thereby enriches the cross point of pilgrimage/dark tour and prayer (exorcism), thus reawakening the present meaning of the incident. Through the two devices of prayer (exorcism) and pilgrimage/dark tour, the two different beings ― outsider/pilgrim and the survivors of the Jeju April 3 Incident ― interpenetrate each other and become the beings that can produce the present anew and can create imagination.
  • 5.

    Study on Aspects of Content Knowledge Composition in writing of the International Undergraduate Students in Korean Universities

    Ryu, Hyun-Jung | 2018, (71) | pp.133~162 | number of Cited : 2
    The purpose of this study is to examine the aspects of content knowledge composition in the writing of the international undergraduate students at Korean universities. This study tries to confirm the definition of the content knowledge for writing, analyze the writing-texts of the international undergraduate students at Korean universities and compare it with those of the Korean students. The importance of writing education in Korean language education for an academic purpose is increasing with a significant rise in the number of the international undergraduate students at Korean universities. The focus of the studies on writing education in Korean language education for an academic purpose is now changing from exercising writing skills to accumulating the background knowledge for writing. This study shows that the international undergraduate students studying at Korean universities have several problems in terms of searching, collecting, and selecting the information for writing on the Internet by utilizing search engines and suggests some solutions for it. The result of this study is expected to provide information on anticipated future studies in Korean language education for an academic purpose for the international undergraduate students. Another expectation is that this study would be followed by many more notable studies on content knowledge composition in writing for the education of writing in Korean for an academic purpose.
  • 6.

    A Study on the Legendary Significance of “Seolmundae Halmang,” a Folk Tale of a Female Giant Indigenous to Jeju Island

    Jeong, Jin-hee | 2018, (71) | pp.163~196 | number of Cited : 3
    Recent research on “Seolmundae Halmang” (Grandmother Seolmundae), a folk tale of a female giant indigenous to Jeju Island, has tended to focus on exploring the mythical genealogy of the titular character. With the vast majority of scholars in the academic circles supporting a theory that Seolmundae Halmang was a later transformation of a creator goddess, a minority of opinions grasping this character’s genealogy differently has been presented as well. In contrast, a relatively few have examined the Seolmundae Halmang legend as a literary work, posing the question of the significance associated with or bestowed on the tale as it was enjoyed within the groups that have transmitted it. Because the story of Seolmundae Halmang was not perceived as that of a creator goddess in the space where the tale was transmitted, it is necessary, in terms of research history, to examine the position occupied by this personage in the imaginative world of the legends in Jeju Island and the utility of her legend. Consequently, the present study has classified the transmission of the Seolmundae Halmang legend per type and, based on this, sought to examine the legendary significance of the tale. The present study has discussed the legendary utility of imagining giants, the significance of the “drowned giant,” and the depiction of a female giant as well as the gender issue.
  • 7.

    The Symptom of The Text and the Social Context - A Study on the Aesthetic Modernity and the Social Meaning of Choi In-Hoon’s Novel Gu-un-mong (A Dream of Nine Clouds) -

    Kim Jung Kwan | 2018, (71) | pp.197~239 | number of Cited : 1
    This thesis is aimed at interpreting Choi In-Hoon’s art-philosophical idea and the social context in his novel style by analyzing how the allegory ― which is the prototypical symbol form and the aesthetic expression mode of his novel Gu-un-mong (A Dream of Nine Clouds) ― is applied to the structure of the text. The allegory in Choi’s novel is interpreted as the mimetic reaction of aesthetic modernity about the social contradiction in an era when value collapses. This thesis focuses first on searching the nature of value-broken society and the mental structure of the period through the allegorical formality and narrative structure, and next on scanning the essential function and meaning of Choi’s fiction aesthetics trying to rescue the dead history. For this, this thesis uses the research methodology that divides the principle of the text production of the novel Gu-un-mong (A Dream of Nine Clouds) into three categories ― the allegory of the pattern field, the allegory of the psychology field and the allegory of the narration field ― and then interprets the social meaning on the basis of the structural homology among the categories. It is expected that this thesis identifies the original form of the text production and the value of the sociology of novel by reading out the function and meaning of the allegorical narration-mode developed by parody-style of the romance.
  • 8.

    Arguments over Personhood, the Principle of Species and the Right to Life from the Perspective of Ethical Concerns on Abortion

    Chang Dong Ik | 2018, (71) | pp.241~272 | number of Cited : 0
    When it comes to the issue of ethical concerns on abortion, both liberalists and conservatives are urged to clarify their position with which they can grant a right to life because their views have been founded on the rights theory from the duty-centered ethics and moral position of fetus over whether fetuses are given the rights to life or not. If fetuses have a right to life, they should be esteemed to be respectable and not to be killed in any society, or if they do not have it, we don’t need to take care of them from the moral standard. Though liberalists and conservatives have tried to present characteristics and properties which give a right to life to living creatures, they couldn’t come up with offering the proper reasons or grounds for giving a right to life to them. Worst of all, they don’t seem to have much interest in suggesting some reasons. It is so difficult for liberalists and conservatives alike to suggest the characteristics which give a right to life, so they have difficulties in not providing evidence which this characteristics would give a right to life. As long as it is based on the theory of rights, it is even impossible to present some reasons concerning giving a right to life. Both liberalists and conservatives are in the same fate of all positions in relying on the rights theory of morality. In this paper, I will discuss that liberalists and conservatives relying on the rights theory can’t show some reasons why their characteristics give a right to life to living creatures, and I will try to show they have not the capacity to do so because they are based on the rights theory. I will suggest, thus, conservatives and liberalists based on the rights theory would not offer a justifiable solution we can adopt and would not produce a good ethical view in terms of abortion.
  • 9.

    An Analysis of Plato’s Statesman - Focusing on the Specificity of Division(Diairesis) -

    Kim Tae Kyung | 2018, (71) | pp.273~303 | number of Cited : 0
    Plato’s Statesman shows not only the definition of statesman(politikos) or politics(politikē) but also the performance of the dialectic for its definition, especially the practice of division(diairesis) which is a procedure of dialectic. Plato also notes that the purpose of this dialogue is “to be more skillful in dialectic(dialectikōteros, 284d6)”. However, when reading this dialogue, we should keep in mind that we should not read it only in one way or the other. In this regard, this paper analyzes the Plato’s Statesman and aims to clarify the structure and contents of the dialogue as well as showing the specificity of division performed there. Thus, the specificity of division found from the analysis of Statesman is as follows. First, division before the myth (mythos) is thoroughly dichotomous, but by relying on the process of subjective dianoetic procedure, not only has it created wrong division, but it has also led to failed definition. Because this division does not reveal the way(tropos) in which politics is involved in man. Second, division after the myth is not limited to the dichotomy, but it reveals the way in which politics is involved in the human being by carrying out ‘division according to the form(kat’eidē)”. Particularly, this division, which is not limited only to the dichotomy, has the specificity that only the other part of the division to be eliminated is strictly considered as a form and then removed. Through this procedure, this division not only provides a richer definition of statesman or politics, but also enables us to be more skillful in dialectic.
  • 10.

    The Theory of Mind Cultivation by Jeong Yak-Yong - The Conflicts over the Methods of Controlling Mind with Manners by the Sorai School -

    lee giwon | 2018, (71) | pp.305~336 | number of Cited : 0
    This paper has made a comparative analysis of the idea of proprieties of Jeong Yak-Yong and those of Sorai and Shundai from the perspective of the theory of mind cultivation. In terms of the understanding of proprieties, Jeong Yak-Yong, Sorai, and Shundai have similar, but different aspects to each other. Jeong Yak-Yong mentions the issue of heartburn, by emphasizing the importance of mind control based on proprieties. He says that the Song Confucian scholars’ theory of mind cultivation eventually causes the ‘heartburn’, which is supported by Sorai and Shundai. Nevertheless, Jeong Yak-Yong, Sorai, and Shundai show differences with regard to the methods of overcoming the ‘heartburn’. Jeong Yak-Yong shows a strong belief in mind while Sorai and Shundai do not trust mind because Sorai and Shundai deny the universality of mind. In accordance with the matter of acknowledging the universality of mind for the mind control with proprieties, Jeong Yak-Yong, Sorai, and Shundai stand in a position different to each other. In the aspect of the theory of mind cultivation, Jeong Yak-Yong, Sorai, and Shundai show a considerable distance from each other. The expansion of this philosophical distance could be led to the differences in the study of Confucianism in the Joseon dynasty and Japan. In order to more closely examine these differences, a comparative approach to the respective Confucian scholars would be an important task.
  • 11.

    A Critical Examination on Methodological Blind Faith - A Phenomenological Criticism on Standardization of Social Research Methodology -

    Huiwon Kim | 2018, (71) | pp.337~369 | number of Cited : 0
    This paper attempts to criticize social research methodologies with regard to its standardization from the perspective of phenomenology. To achieve this, the paper analyzes and criticizes factor analysis on which quantitative research is made. Besides, qualitative research through which researchers try to overcome the limit of quantitative research is proven to have its limitation of being standardized, which results from its blind acceptance of methodology. This paper suggests that blind adoption of methodology is related to the crisis of science and that the character of phenomenology as die Wissenschaftslehre (the Science of Knowledge) can serve as a way to cope with the academic crisis. Therefore, the paper concludes that researchers as the world-builders must challenge against the methodology.