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2019, Vol., No.75

  • 1.

    A Study of the Patterns of Literary Therapeutic Reaction to ‘Bridge and Mother’ and the Narrative Types of Son & Daughter

    Jaiin Park | 2019, (75) | pp.5~37 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    This paper is aimed at examining the development level of the narrative patterns of son and daughter from a literary therapeutic point of view. It has discussed how to utilize the folk tale “Bridge and Mother” and apply it to the actual analysis. Taken together, with regard to the styles of transmission and the patterns of literary therapeutic reaction, there are four different narrative types in total. These types include all of the probabilities of reactions that can be found in the field of counseling based on literature therapy. In addition, the concept of connectedness and separateness can be applied to analyzing the story of son and daughter. It is the core element of the ‘individuation’ theory in psychology. It is a critical factor affecting the growth and development of children. Through this, I have confirmed the literary therapeutic feature of this story and set the evaluation criteria of the story of son and daughter. Finally, the validity of this assessment was reviewed while analyzing actual field cases.
  • 2.

    The Aspects of Old Poetic Speakers’ Voices and Their Implication on Classical Poetry in The Daehan Maeil Sinbo

    JEONG, INSOOK | 2019, (75) | pp.39~76 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study is to examine the aspects of old poetic speakers’ voices and their implication on classical poetry in The Daehan Maeil Sinbo (The Korea Daily News). The results of the study are as follows. The first aspect of the old poetic speakers’ voices is the voice of lamentation and self-confession. This voice actively reflects the gaze with which they criticize the old customs during the modern enlightenment period. The second aspect is the voice of despair and plea. This voice reflects a serious situation driven by the problems of survival, and the tears of old poetic speakers who are not properly treated as seniors and who are unjustly robbed of their property. The third aspect is the voice of lamenting the situation of getting older and worrying about the future of the country. This voice reflects the feelings of sadness toward the nation in crisis. The fourth aspect is the powerful voice of aspirations for saving the nation from the crisis. This voice reflects their conditions of being hale and strong and their loyalty. Here, the willpower of the old men is emphasized as being no less strong than that of the young men in the nation. According to The Daehan Maeil Sinbo, the old men had largely been defined as an old-fashioned model in contrast to the young generation, but there were also the cases that they, being flexible, could make fair criticisms and accept the views of other people and were also recognized as the members of the nation who could open a new era in close cooperation with the youth. This paper has examined that the third and the fourth aspects could have been promoted as a phenomenon of diverse variations of the old poetic speakers’ voices after the introduction of a new section ‘Sajo’ and the subsequent releases of ‘sijo (three-verse poem)’ in newspapers.
  • 3.

    A Study about French Wine and the Beaujolais Nouveau Festival

    Kiil Kim | 2019, (75) | pp.77~104 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    Wine is originated from Dionysus, the Greek god of fruitfulness, vegetation, grape-harvest and wine-making. Wine, having been grown around the world for a long time, has developed into different kinds of wine depending on the regions of production. Beaujolais Nouveau is the main destination of wine produced in Beaujolais, a region of Bourgogne province that is a strong competitor with wine produced in France’s Bordeaux province. Beaujolais Nouveau is delivered every year to wine lovers around the world at midnight on the third Thursday of November. This is the signal for the Beaujolais Nouveau Festival. Using the Beaujolais Nouveau Festival as a marketing tool, it became an opportunity to promote French wine around the world, and today it has become a hot tourist attraction for the French industry. Experts of French wine culture have spared no effort to bring down the maximum wine flavor with limited ingredients of high-quality grapes, thereby earning the French wine the best taste and quality recognition. The Beaujolais Nouveau Festival is centered on wine in this Beaujolais region. The Beaujolais Nouveau Festival, established as a top wine festival, preserves tradition, promotes the harmony among the local residents, promotes French and French wine, and contributes to job creation and economic development, while making its mark as a world-class folk festival today. Success factors for the Beaujolais Nouveau Festival include the reputation of the wellestablished French-style infrastructure for the festival and the enormous scale and efficient operation. However, it is regrettable that today’s Beaujolais Nouveau Festival is gradually on the decline due to its strong emphasis on marketing. In any case, at the governance level, we also need to benchmark the Beaujolais Nouveau Festival to adapt it to our environment so that Korea can promote its local agricultural products to the outside world and create and expand the wealth of regional economy.
  • 4.

    The Principle of Work Structure of Paul Klee Reflected in the Writings of Robert Walser

    MiRi Park | 2019, (75) | pp.105~134 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study is based on the premise that painter Paul Klee (1879-1940) and writer Robert Walser (1878-1956) have some commonality. The aim of this study is to compare Klee’s sketches and Walser’s writings, and examine how the principle of work structure of the former is reflected in the latter’s writings. Walser was familiar with fine art, and mentioned artistic works in his numerous writings. While he identified the essence of paintings with that of writings, he did not particularly offer the point of comparison. In contrast, Klee pondered the similarity of different arts, and offered the point of comparison called ‘shaping of movement as a space-time category’. According to Klee, a work is created by movement, and, movement of eyesight is converted into lines. His sketches are expressed as the pure description of objects as the elements of lines. Pure treatment of elements is the most perfectly achieved in his last sketches. “It Cries”, Klee’s sketch on a crying angel, and “Approach Lucifer”, a sketch of a demon, are the variations of almost the same formal elements. Nevertheless, based on the minimum structural changes, these figures imply contrasting two worlds, and perfectly express antitheses - good vs. evil, agony vs. indifference, and humility vs. arrogance. Linearity and simplicity defining Klee’s sketches are also essential in ‘And Went’ or ‘A Small Landscape’, early poems of Walser. The meanings of antithetical lines in Klee’s sketches are re-expressed as the lattice structure in the form of structural parallels composed of vertical and horizontal lines in Walser’s poems. Semantically, the lattice structure reminds us of the world of discord, and the world of opposition. Klee defines his creations as projection on a plane, and offers ‘representation of threedimension on a plane’ as his principle of creation. His work like ‘Constitution on Paralleling Horizontal Lines’ is a good example of how he changes the depth of nature into plane relations. As this sketch gives up both the depth dimension and perspective, hierarchical relations of objects are subverted, and are fixed in the situation of dismantlement. In Walser’s proses “Promenade” and “Jacob von Gunten”, the linear continuity of time is omitted, and all the accidents are rearranged in parallels on a plane. Time relations are dismantled in present or un-time, or described in a spatial category. In such ways, Klee and Walser are liberated in provocative ways from the conventional ideas of time and space.
  • 5.

    A Study on the Characteristics of Seonggyungwan in Comparison with the Central Government School in Traditional China

    HA, WONSOO | 2019, (75) | pp.135~176 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    In light of the present difficulties faced by universities in Korea, this paper is aimed at examining the traditional institutions of higher education. To this end, I compared the Seonggyungwan (Sungkyunkwan) with the central government school in Traditional China, and the results are as follows. King Chungseon of the Goryeo Dynasty named the state-run school in the capital as Seonggyungam or Seonggyungwan under the pressure of the Yuan Dynasty. Though the common title ‘seonggyun (chengjun)’ was not chosen on a voluntary basis, the newly emerging literati attended to it as the ideal school name of the ancient time in an effort to reinterpret the Confucian classics anew. In other words, it was an excellent way of embracing a new academic and social trends while retaining traditional authority under the unavoidable conditions. Seonggyungwan remained in existence in the following Joseon Dynasty, which is thus far used as a byword of Korea’s traditional central government school. If we try to interpret this term more subjectively with deep consideration, there is a possibility that we can find core values and ideologies of education. Seonggyungwan not only educated students but also performed rituals for the Confucian sages and scholars, placing emphasis on ‘dotong (idealistic legitimacy)’ of learning as opposed toi ‘chitong (realistic hegemony)’ associated with political power. Such a school system, i.e. myohakje (miaoxuezhi), had been established in China in the eighth century and was instantly introduced to the Korean Peninsula. However, the system of Joseon was not the same as that of the Ming or Qing Dynasties. For example, Confucius’ eulogistic posthumous title and the persons enshrined with him in the Daeseongjeon (Dachengdian) were different from those in China. Sunggyungwan also had a very special shrine, named Sahyeonsa (Shrine for four sages), only for the students of the central government school. As the myohakje system cherished the independent value of learning distinct from political power, Korea’s neo-Confucian literati were able to pursue their own values in higher education regardless of the practical shackles of Chinese dynasties. Therefore, we can understand that the traditional central government school in Korea did not lose their own identity while actively absorbing foreign culture, and that many people worked hard to cope with the changes of the times so as to maintain their own values. Based on these facts, this paper has been written in order to help researchers have a longer-term perspective and subjectively respond to the present realities.
  • 6.

    Politics of ‘Bitnik Existence’ and Cyberspace -Focusing on Carl Schmitt’s Conception of ‘Technology-Space-Existence’-

    Kim, Phil Gu | 2019, (75) | pp.177~215 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    This study aims to construct a theoretical frame by gathering the criticisms fragmentarily made by Carl Schmitt in his several writings about technological issues. In his discussions, Schmitt, consistently, relates the matters of ‘technology’ with those of ‘space’ and ‘existence’: according to him, development of a new technology always brings a new space into civilization; and human beings who begin to live on it could construct their existence in a new way accordingly. This can be simply formulated as ‘technology-space-existence’. In this study, by applying the frame of ‘technology-space-existence’ to the trajectory of the development of today’s Information Technology, I concluded that civil society is getting vulnerable to the populist movement, or populism-friendly, while the tension among the nomoi of the earth (whereon Cloud Data Centers or servers are located) is rising with the advent of cyberwarfare. However, this tendency is not expected to ignite absolute antagonism in the international society because the very identities of the war agencies are, mostly, based on raison d’etat (which, unlike revolutionary dogma, limits its goal to regional hegemony or national interest). Furthermore, the more online and offline convergence is achieved by the centralization of data (which is produced by entire digital utility) processing throughout the large-scale Data Centers or servers, the lesser civil society would have its control over cyberwarfare; on the other hand, thanks to the invisible and irregular characters of cyberwarfare, the administration may have much chance to increase its power to exercise control over civil society.
  • 7.

    The Cultural Condition of the ‘Human- centered’ 4th Industrial Revolution

    Kim jonggyu | 2019, (75) | pp.217~244 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This paper seeks to trace the importance and meaning of the agenda of the 4th Industrial Revolution - with its catch-phrase of promoting ‘people - centered’ plans - from a cultural and philosophical perspective, and explore the cultural conditions for its realization. The existing industrial revolution has continuously facilitated the structure of binary opposition between humans and technology, as a result of which the cultural relationship between humans and technology has been weakened. If not, the 4th Industrial Revolution will deepen the confrontational structure due to the destructive power of its innovative technology, and consequently trigger the phenomena of replacing humans at a tremendous rate. The fundamental solution to the problem is to resolve this conflict and to focus on restoring the cultural relations between technology and human beings.
  • 8.

    A Study on Korean Learners’ Production and Perception of American English ‘Can’ and ‘Can’t’

    PIAO SONGDAN | 2019, (75) | pp.245~271 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    This paper has explored the production and perception of ‘can’ and ‘can’t’ in American English among Korean learners of English. With regard to the experiment of production, we have measured the frequency of the first two formants (F1, F2) and analyzed their acoustic features. The result indicated that most of the Korean participants only produced the pronunciation of [khæn] and [khænt]. Of the seven participants, five applied the vowel /æ/ in all situations while the other two adopted vowel /ɯ/. According to the result of the perception experiment, the total ratio of errors took up 24%. Misinterpretation of [khæ ̃ʔ] to [khæn] accounted for 68% which suggested that Korean participants have difficulty in distinguishing [khæ ̃ʔ] from [khæn].