Journal of Humanities 2021 KCI Impact Factor : 0.37

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pISSN : 1598-8457 / eISSN : 2508-4550

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2022, Vol., No.86

  • 1.

    Anti-colonial Solidarity in the Literary Circles of Manchukuo - Focusing on the Process of Translation and Acceptance of Korean Novels in East Asia -

    Song, Yanxuan | 2022, (86) | pp.5~63 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    This paper examines the context of the translation and introduction of the text in Japan and Manchuria, targeting “Red Mountain” by Kim Dong-in, “Don” by Yi Hyo-seok and “Gasil” by Yi Gwang-su. With the growing interest of the Japanese literary circles in different cultures and the development of the commercial publishing industry, the three novels of colonized Joseon moved to their birthplace of Japan. Subsequently, due to the influence of the minority literature trend, such works were translated into Chinese to inform the reality of Joseon and introduce Joseon literature to Manchuria in 1940, and were published again in A Collection of Joseon Short Stories (Joseon danpyeon soseolseon) in 1941. Looking at the fact that the novels of colonized Joseon made ethnic, linguistic, and literary exchanges in colonial Manchuria, we can see how anti-colonial solidarity in East Asia occurred and how it is expressed through literary activities. Against the integration of East Asia imposed by the Japanese colonialists, intellectuals living in Manchuria borrowed Joseon novels to develop an East Asian anti-colonial solidarity that combines nationalism and internationalism.
  • 2.

    The Establishment and Spread of Hamchang Cooperative in Gyeongsangbuk-do under Japanese Colonial Rule

    Kim Yikyung | 2022, (86) | pp.65~108 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    This study has analyzed the pattern of cooperatives that spread around Gyeongsangbuk-do from 1927 to the early 1930s and the characteristics of the Hamchang Cooperative at the center. Gyeongsangbuk-do was an area that witnessed a remarkable increase in the number of consumer cooperatives during the period from 1927 to the early 1930s, and at the center was the Hamchang Cooperative. Founded in January 1927, the Hamchang Cooperative emphasized the principle of cooperatives, stipulating restrictions on investment to prevent the abuse of the propertied persons, and promoting democratic operation among the members. In addition, it promoted operations tailored to regional situations, such as investment policies in consideration of the poor, encouraging grain savings, supporting the operation of local night schools, and providing grain at a production cost during the spring austerity season through a reserve fund for loss compensation. Through this, it is possible to examine the combination of the method of operating democratic cooperatives in Europe and the culture of economic solidarity in Korea. The Hamchang Cooperative Model spread around Gyeongsangbuk-do until the early 1930s, and it was widely known across the nation, being boosted by a nationwide lecturing tour planned by the cooperative movement organization. Since 1927, the cooperative principle emphasized by the Hamchang Cooperative has continued to function as an important code of conduct in Korea.
  • 3.

    A Study on “Hanseong-akbu” by Nongni Go Seong-gyeom

    Bang Hyun A | 2022, (86) | pp.109~148 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    This study aims to interpret 28 verses of “Hanseong-akbu (漢城樂府)” written by Go Seong-gyeom (高聖謙). “Hanseong-akbu” is a collection of 28 verses of a quatrain with seven Chinese characters in each line selected by him from those poems singing the reign of peace and prosperity with focus on the descriptions of the mountains and streams, palaces, prominent figures, rivers, and folklore of the capital. This collection leads the readers to think about the background of their creation including the author’s view of the capital city and also shows that the poems based on Hanyang continued until the mid-19th century. Go Seong-gyeom was worried that there was no poem about Nam Mountain and the Han River to be left for the future generation, even though Hanseong had been established as the nation’s capital over four hundred years since the foundation of the Joseon dynasty and the magnificence of the capital’s scenery including mountains and rivers as well as its customs, cultural relics and institutions are at its highest in the country. That’s the reason why he wrote “Hanseong-akbu” for the purpose of handing it down to the posterity. In addition, the topics and contents were described separately and categorized into three groups: 1) the grandeur of the scenery, castles, and palaces; 2) the rituals held by the government officials including the morning assemblies and the formalities of paying tributes; and 3) various types of figures including the noblemen in high-class society, bold, vigorous and righteous persons, those engaged in big merchandising, famous gisaeng, and marketplaces among others. The representative poems that described Hanyang since the 18th century, are “Seongsijeondosi” written under the command of King Jeongjo and “Hankyongsa” written by Kang Yi-cheon around the same time, and “Hankyoung-jabyoung” written by Kang Se-ryun, Hong Eui-ho, and Kang Jun-heum at the beginning of the 19th century. They reportedly succeeded the trend in the aspect that they all recited the prosperous age of the city and the private and social life around the common space of the national capital. “Hanseong-akbu” shows that such trend continued until the mid-19th century. This is the product of the combination of his spirit of writing, who wanted to leave a legacy of prosperity centering around the nation’s capital and his thought for the classical poem genre of ‘akbu’. Go Seong-gyeom’s “Hanseong-akbu” emphasized melody and rhythm, and differentiated itself from previous works.
  • 4.

    A Study on the Juxtaposition Effect and Pluralism of Heterogeneous Languages in Bae Sam-sik’s Play Hwajeonga

    KWON SUNDAE | 2022, (86) | pp.149~175 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study is to examine heteroglossia found in Hwajeonga written by Bae Sam-sik. In the process of creating a work by composing lines only with the Andong district dialects, the author of Hwajeonga adopts a strategic device to juxtapose heterogenous languages in order to reveal hybridity in language and otherness effectively. Juxtaposition found in Hwajeonga is made in two levels. One is the level in which the scenes using English are inserted effectively to show polyglossia that occurs between Korean and English, and the other is the level in which the scenes using languages either historically or culturally forgotten or almost in the risk of being lost are inserted effectively to reveal heteroglossia that appears in Korean. The former exists mainly in the synchronic context while the latter is mostly present in the diachronic context. With regard to polyglossia in the former, different levels of Andong’s dialects and English are juxtaposed to show that linguistic activity is the product of interaction in which diverse languages come across. Concerning heteroglossia in the latter, various levels that embrace the changes of time are juxtaposed to reveal the polyphonic world of linguistic activities that are overlapped with one another. Hwajeonga reminds us of the fact that the standard language-local language system is not a hierarchical dominant-subordinate relationship with one single center, but a pluralistic relationship with differences.
  • 5.

    The Cause of the Sungkyunkwan University Dispute in 1955 and Its Meaning - Focusing on the Issue of Dismissal of Vice-President Lee Jeong-gyu -

    OH, JEYEON | 2022, (86) | pp.177~211 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    This article examines the specific contents and causes of the Sungkyunkwan University dispute that occurred in 1955, focusing on the issue of dismissal of Vice-President Lee Jeong-gyu, which was the starting point of the dispute. Lee Jeong-gyu, who was appointed as a professor at Sungkyunkwan University in 1947, played a big role in the early development of Sungkyunkwan University by helping Kim Chang-sook. In particular, he contributed greatly to the expansion of the faculty and the school building. However, in January 1955, Lee Jeong-gyu was dismissed as vice-president. Sungkyunkwan University was immediately caught up in a dispute. The dismissal of Vice-Chancellor Lee Jeong-gyu in 1955 and the resulting dispute at Sungkyunkwan University was a pain that occurred in the process of establishing the identity of Sungkyunkwan University in the early days. Vice-President Lee Jeong-gyu’s dismissal came from a conflict with President Kim Chang-sook. The root cause of this conflict was the identity problem of the school, which arose in the process of developing Sungkyunkwan University based on Confucianism into a modern university.
  • 6.

    An Aristotle-based Explanation of Virtue Ethics with Regard to Nazi’s Courage and Unity of Virtue

    Jang Dong-ik | 2022, (86) | pp.213~238 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    This paper is aimed at looking for a way to maintain the unity of virtue without compromising the characteristics of virtue. Section 2, while discussing the issue of whether the bravery of a Nazi soldier can be a virtue, will explain what difficulties could arise in asserting the unity of virtue. Section 3 will suggest the conditions for the unity of virtue according to each condition and at the same time examine the characteristics of the unity of virtue. Besides, it will also present three viewpoints of the unity of virtue: an ontological, a semantic, and a theoretical perspective. This study will suggest that, of the three viewpoints, the condition for the unity of virtue from the theoretical point of view is the most reasonable in virtue ethics. In section 4,this paper will show that Aristotle’s unity of virtue has a special relation to practical wisdom, and thus corresponds to a theoretical view of the unity of virtue. In section 5, as a conclusion, it will be discussed that the confusion and difficulties arising from the unity of virtue can be resolved by distinguishing the ‘natural virtue’ and ‘virtue in the strict sense’.