This study aims to interpret 28 verses of “Hanseong-akbu (漢城樂府)” written by Go Seong-gyeom (高聖謙). “Hanseong-akbu” is a collection of 28 verses of a quatrain with seven Chinese characters in each line selected by him from those poems singing the reign of peace and prosperity with focus on the descriptions of the mountains and streams, palaces, prominent figures, rivers, and folklore of the capital. This collection leads the readers to think about the background of their creation including the author’s view of the capital city and also shows that the poems based on Hanyang continued until the mid-19th century. Go Seong-gyeom was worried that there was no poem about Nam Mountain and the Han River to be left for the future generation, even though Hanseong had been established as the nation’s capital over four hundred years since the foundation of the Joseon dynasty and the magnificence of the capital’s scenery including mountains and rivers as well as its customs, cultural relics and institutions are at its highest in the country. That’s the reason why he wrote “Hanseong-akbu” for the purpose of handing it down to the posterity. In addition, the topics and contents were described separately and categorized into three groups: 1) the grandeur of the scenery, castles, and palaces; 2) the rituals held by the government officials including the morning assemblies and the formalities of paying tributes; and 3) various types of figures including the noblemen in high-class society, bold, vigorous and righteous persons, those engaged in big merchandising, famous gisaeng, and marketplaces among others. The representative poems that described Hanyang since the 18th century, are “Seongsijeondosi” written under the command of King Jeongjo and “Hankyongsa” written by Kang Yi-cheon around the same time, and “Hankyoung-jabyoung” written by Kang Se-ryun, Hong Eui-ho, and Kang Jun-heum at the beginning of the 19th century. They reportedly succeeded the trend in the aspect that they all recited the prosperous age of the city and the private and social life around the common space of the national capital. “Hanseong-akbu” shows that such trend continued until the mid-19th century. This is the product of the combination of his spirit of writing, who wanted to leave a legacy of prosperity centering around the nation’s capital and his thought for the classical poem genre of ‘akbu’. Go Seong-gyeom’s “Hanseong-akbu” emphasized melody and rhythm, and differentiated itself from previous works.