A New Search for Spatialization - With Focus on Portable Architecture -
As the contemporary people’s way of life is changing flexibly and rapidlywith the development of technology, residential space of today has come toshow a nomadic characteristic that is diverse and variable. The extinction oftraditional space and streets has also dismantled a boundary between theinterior and the exterior of residential space. Contemporary people, therefore,came to have a new nomadic way of thinking based on a nomadic lifestyle,free from the time-honored sedentary value systems and codes. This study,therefore, has raised a question of how we can figure out the concept ofspace and territory with the post-metaphysical thinking and then has chosenthe contents and projects of Portable Architecture as the concrete target ofanalysis.
In order to carry out the project, we will borrow not only an idea ofHeidegger who explained the concept of space and things but also Deleuze’sidea of déterritorialization and reterritorialization. According to Heidegger, anexistential man as dasein exists by experiencing proximity and familiarityrather than isolated closeness and exclusiveness and his idea of space ismade with much focus on generating a meaning related to space. Meanwhile,settling the division of territory and constructing houses do not just boildown to the element of residence for Deleuze. According to Deleuze, theyare the generative events like the mental activities or artistic activities of human beings on one hand and the generation and creation of recurrence likethe case of “eternal return” mentioned by Nietzsche on the other. Therefore,we have to focus on the difference and the generation manifested in building,constructing, erecting, disconnecting, lowering, rearranging and moving houses,and rebuilding them after picking out a new location. In Heidegger’s concept,dasein personifies familiarity with space with difficulty and develops into amovement of opening a door to nature and life and of communicating withthem. This is a realm where the energy of generation and creation –mentioned by Deleuze – is sprouting endlessly. Therefore, it is thought thatDeleuze intended to explain the potential power of existence that is expressedpowerfully at a point where a nomadic character emerges rather thanidealistically yearning for the movement of spatialization in the romantic lifeof nomadism by borrowing the thoughts of Heidegger. This study hasattempted to make a philosophical investigation over the contents and projectsof Portable Architecture that can clearly show the nomadic character – inorder to develop the philosophical thinking into a critical philosophicalmovement that can help resolve real issues rather than letting it remainmerely in a movement of abstract ideas. It will be more important toexamine how Portable Architecture can help dasein to lead an existential lifeunder the diverse conditions of not only science and technology but alsoclimate change, energy, and environment and to form a network with space,rather than assessing the outcome of Portable Architecture in terms ofpractical dimension or economic profit. In other words, this study aims tofigure out how the existential beings who are experiencing the rapid changesof urban space form multiple identities, interact with it, and adapt to changesin their environment.