Based on the concept of ‘cyborg’, this article looked at the awareness of the boundary problem in Yun Yi-hyung’s novels. Thinking about the boundaries that can be categorized as the boundary between humans and machines, reality and virtual reality, and heterosexuality and homosexuality is ultimately an attempt to overcome the narrative of hierarchy and exclusion ‒ created by the system of neoliberalism, economy, and Internet culture ‒ through science and technology.
“Danny” and “Sua” deal with the boundaries between humans and machines.
“Danny” visualized the economic environment of grandmothers who perform care work through robots, and “Sua” takes issue with the ‘look of hierarchization’ through the question of the boundary between the female robot ‘Sua’ and the female protagonist. “Lunch at Istua Park” and “Big Wolf Parang” deal with the economic background of virtual reality across the real/ virtual boundary. “Lunch at Istua Park” emphasized a robot-human connection by affirming the existence of virtual space controlled by the state, and “Big Wolf Parang” portrays those people who are familiar with the situation of being engaged in endless competition to obtain capital under the neoliberal system. The two works evoke the violence of the virtual world and contemplate a new way of connecting technology and humans. “Luca” and “Seung-hye and Mi-oh” deal with the issue of homosexuality, but do not disclose the violence of churches or heterosexuals. The two works criticize the ontology of the modern people through which they can prove their existence only by rejecting the other world, and seek the possibility of coexistence between the two heterogeneous worlds.
In conclusion, it can be said that Yun Yi-hyung reflected on our society where technology becomes part of our daily life through writing and sought a network of coexistence and solidarity, not confrontation.