The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of organizational culture on organization and organizational performance, and it was targeting for 350 public officials (local governments, foundation under local governments, public corporation) who research work and consulting were implemented for. When it comes to the response to questionnaires, 313 copies out of 350 were verified on the research hypothesis of the research model by using statistical package programs of SPSS 20.0 and AMOS 20.0. Results of the research hypothesis on research model show that firstly, regarding the research hypothesis 1 that the organizational culture of public organization will have a positive (+) significant effect on learning organization, the organizational culture recognized by the organizational members of public organizations showed a positive influence on the learning organization. In other words, it showed that the organizational culture recognized by the organization members of public organizations is a major factor in building a learning organization. Secondly, regarding the research hypothesis 2, the result of the relationship between organizational culture and organizational performance, that the organizational culture recognized by the organizational members of the public sector showed a positive influence and it implies the importance of recognizing and transforming the organizational culture of public organizations to improve organizational performance of public organizations. Thirdly, regarding the research hypothesis 3, the organizational culture recognized by the organizational members of public organizations showed an influence on organizational performance and also showed apositive(+) influence on organizational performance through learning organization. As the organizational culture recognized by the organization members in the public sectoris influencing the organizational performance through the learning organization, various implementation plans are required to improve organizational culture, improving learning organization, and improving organizational performance in accordance with the characteristics of public organizations.