This study aims to examine the relative effects of social support and resilience on retirement readiness in the prudent male and female generations through hierarchical regression analysis. The results of the study first, As a result of verifying the difference between men and women in social support, resilience, and retirement readiness, there was a significant difference between the overall social support and the subvariables of emotional, intelligence, material, and retirement readiness, the physical. especially, Women had higher averages of social support, resilience, and retirement readiness than men. second, The relative impact of social support and resilience on retirement readiness is In model 1, men have family type, living conditions, and final education, and women have living conditions, average monthly income, In Model 2 and Model 3, both men and women showed the same trend. Model 2 shows living conditions, average monthly income, social support, Model 3 had a significant effect on living conditions, social support, and resilience. Namely, Both men and women recognized that social support and resilience had the greatest relative effect on retirement readiness, which was the main variable. Through this study, the middle-aged generation especially, It is significant in suggesting the need to find ways of social support for women and to increase resilience.