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2023, Vol.8, No.4

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  • 1.

    The Effect of Brand Personalized Marketing on Advertising Avoidance and Brand Loyalty of the MZ Generation

    Ik-Su Kim , Byung-Hwan Hyun | 2023, 8(4) | pp.1~15 | number of Cited : 0
    This study was conducted from May 10th to 30th, 2023 to confirm the relationship between advertisement irritation, privacy concerns, personalized marketing, and social influence of brand customized advertisements on advertisement avoidance and brand loyalty targeting the MZ generation. The following results were verified using the SPSS 28.0 and Smart PLS 4.0 programs for a valid survey of 400 people targeting the MZ generation nationwide on a daily basis. First, advertisement irritation had a positive (+) effect on advertisement avoidance but had no effect on brand loyalty, and personalized marketing had a positive (+) effect on advertisement avoidance but had no effect on brand loyalty. Second, concerns about personal information had a positive (+) effect on avoidance of advertisements and brand loyalty. Third, social influence had a positive (+) effect on advertisement avoidance and brand loyalty. Fourth, advertisement avoidance played a significant mediating role between advertisement irritation and brand avoidance, but did not play a significant mediating role between personalized marketing and social influence. Based on these results, this study is meaningful in that it can be used as basic data for research on advertising avoidance and brand loyalty and for establishing strategies necessary for brand marketing activities.
  • 2.

    A Study on the Effect of Job Satisfaction of Young Employees on the Desired Period of Service: Focusing on Gender Difference

    Ki Tae Park | 2023, 8(4) | pp.17~27 | number of Cited : 0
    This study aims to examine how the organizational satisfaction affects the desired period of service in the current workplace among young employees. Among detailed organizational satisfaction variables with nine sub-categories, a level of satisfaction with (1) tasks and (2) compensation and recognition policies have a positive effect on the desired period of service in the current workplace. In addition, there is gender difference in the determinants of the desired period of service in the current workplace. For male employees, (1) leadership, (2) tasks and (3) compensation and recognition policies positively affect the desired period of service in the current workplace. For female employees, (1) environment and (2) career and HR training have a positive impact on the desired period of service in the current workplace. Using these results this research suggests implications that how company prevents the outflow of human resource by increasing the desired period of service of young employees.
  • 3.

    A Study on the Application of Risk Weighting Factors in Risk Assessment Through Manufacturing Accident Analysis

    In-Sung Kim , Seok-Jin Song , Gyu-Sun Cho | 2023, 8(4) | pp.29~36 | number of Cited : 0
    In order to prevent industrial accidents, this study presented a methodology to ensure that risk aggravating factors are reflected in risk assessments at manufacturing sites and demonstrated it by applying it to actual manufacturing sites. As a result of a statistical analysis of all 242,906 accidents that occurred in the manufacturing industry over the past 10 years, new workers less than 6 months old, foreign workers, older workers over 55 years old, and jobs where hands and arms are exposed to risk areas, Non-routine work performed from 9 o'clock to 12 o'clock showed a significantly high accident rate. In addition, a weighted value was applied to estimate the possibility of an accident at the risk determination stage through focus group interviews. Through the results of this study, risk weighting factors can be quantitatively reflected in risk assessment, which is meaningful in preventing accidents by evaluating the size of the identified risk closer.
  • 4.

    A Study on Need for Safe Baseline Isolation Standard for Chemical Plant Equipment

    Su-Ji Choi , Sang-Gil Kim , Gyu-Sun Cho | 2023, 8(4) | pp.37~46 | number of Cited : 0
    Due to the aging, advancement, and complexity of chemical facilities, non-routine work such as facility inspection, repair, or maintenance work is increasing. Of the 1,483 accidents that occurred over the past 10 years at chemical product manufacturing sites subject to PSM, accidents that occurred during non-routine work accounted for 56% (932 Cases) of the total. It can be seen that more accidents occur during non-routine work than during routine work. In particular, in order to improve the economy and efficiency of factory operation, there are cases where some facilities are stopped without stopping the entire factory and then inspection, repair, or maintenance work is performed while isolated from the operating facilities. Therefore, first, a safe isolation method must be selected by establishing an isolation standard (Baseline Isolation Standard) based on the chemicals handled, operating conditions, and risk level of the equipment in the chemical plant. Second, since current domestic laws and standards do not suggest the need for specific quarantine standards, it is necessary to institutionalize the preparation of quarantine standards. Technical and institutional improvements are needed to prevent fires, explosions, and poisoning accidents caused by leaks of chemical substances.
  • 5.

    Effect of Tool Box Meeting of Plant Construction Workers on Disaster Prevention Behavior for Chemical Accident Prevention

    Oh Il-Hwan , Sang-Gil Kim , Gyu-Sun Cho | 2023, 8(4) | pp.47~60 | number of Cited : 0
    The purpose of this study is to examine the causal relationship between self-efficacy and safety consciousness of health belief factors and how they affect the disaster prevention behavior of construction workers using TBM. To this end, a research model is presented that applies the main variables of the Health Belief Theory, a social psychological health behavior change model developed to predict and explain health-related behaviors. To empirically verify the research model of this study, a survey was conducted among construction workers who have experience in using TBMs for chemical plant construction. The results showed that, first, the perceived severity of construction workers utilizing chemical plant construction has a significant effect on self-efficacy and safety consciousness; second, the perceived probability of construction workers utilizing chemical plant construction has a significant effect on self-efficacy and safety consciousness. Third, the perceived obstacles of construction workers utilizing chemical plant construction have a significant effect on self-efficacy and safety consciousness. Fourth, the perceived benefits of construction workers utilizing chemical plant construction were found to have a significant effect on self-efficacy and safety awareness. The purpose of this study is to reduce critical accidents through disaster prevention behavior of chemical plant construction workers through TBM.
  • 6.

    A Study on the Performance of Industrial Accident Prevention in Safety Management Institution -Focus on Comparison with Self-Managed Safety Workplace-

    Lee Seung-Kuk , Seok-Jin Song , Kim In-Sung and 1 other persons | 2023, 8(4) | pp.61~67 | number of Cited : 0
    This study compared, analyzed, and verified the accident rate and accident fatality rate (per 10,000 workers) of workplaces that perform safety management on behalf of a safety management institutions designated and registered in accordance with the OSHAct and workplaces that perform safety management. According to the research results, the significance was confirmed that the group with a low accident rate was the workplaces that self-appointed safety managers, workplaces with self-appointed safety managers in size with less than 300 employees, and workplaces in the industrial accident insurance industry in the manufacturing and transportation, warehouse, and telecommunications industries. The groups with a low accidental death rate were workplaces with less than 300 employees, workplaces where safety management was performed on behalf of safety management institutions, and workplaces with selfappointment for other medical businesses. In this study, it was confirmed that the accident rate in the safety management agency's workplaces was higher than that of its own appointed workplaces, and that there were some differences in the accident fatality rate depending on the size and industry. Therefore, since the current safety management agency system cannot ensure the effect of preventing accidental deaths, there is a need for comprehensive improvement of the agency system and improvement of the system to strengthen expertise in preventing industrial accidents.
  • 7.

    The Effects of Job Stress and Professional Value on Happiness of Product Designer: The Moderated Mediation Model of Grit

    Li Sha Liu , Lee Chang Seek | 2023, 8(4) | pp.69~79 | number of Cited : 0
    This study sought to propose ways to improve the happiness of Chinese product designers by verifying whether grit moderates the effect of job stress on happiness through professional values. A purposively sampled participants of 335 Chinese product designers living in Guangdong Province, southern China, were selected. Data analysis was performed using SPSS PC+ Win. Ver. 26.0 and PROCESS Macro ver. 4.2. The statistical techniques applied were frequency analysis, reliability analysis, correlation analysis, and moderated mediation effect analysis. The research results are as follows. First, job stress showed a negative correlation with professional value and grit, but did not show a significant correlation with happiness. Except for job stress, there was a positive significant correlation between other variables. Second, the conditional indirect effect was significant when grit was M-SD, M, or M+SD. Therefore, the moderated mediating role of grit was verified. However, as professional value increased, grit played a role in increasing happiness. Still, in the path of job stress -> professional value -> happiness, grit did not buffer the negative effect of job stress on happiness through professional stress. Suggestions were made to improve the happiness of product designers using professional values and grit.
  • 8.

    Moderated Mediation Model of Growth Mindset in the Link between Academic Achievement, Teachers’ Autonomy Support and Happiness

    Mei Qi , Lee Chang Seek | 2023, 8(4) | pp.81~89 | number of Cited : 0
    This study aims to provide basic data to increase the happiness of college students by verifying whether a growth mindset moderates the mediating effect of teachers' autonomy support for students in the relationship between academic achievement and happiness. The survey subjects were intentionally sampled from 396 engineering students attending a university in Guangzhou who performed a business practice project. The questionnaire method was used to collect data, and the collected data was analyzed using SPSS PC+ Win. 27.0 and PROCESS macro 4.2. The applied statistical techniques were frequency, reliability, correlation, and moderated mediation effect analysis. The research results are as follows. First, there was a significant positive correlation between academic achievement, teachers' autonomy support, growth mindset, and happiness. Second, a growth mindset played a role in increasing the impact of academic achievement on happiness through teachers' autonomy support. Therefore, it was confirmed that a growth mindset increases the mediating effect of teachers' autonomy support in the relationship between academic achievement and happiness. Based on the research results, measures to improve the happiness of college students were suggested.
  • 9.

    Effect of Parental Support for Multicultural Youth on Career Attitude Determinism: Mediating Effect of Bicultural Acceptance Attitude

    Jeong In-Suk | 2023, 8(4) | pp.91~99 | number of Cited : 0
    The purpose of this study was to confirm the determination of the career attitude of multicultural youth, which will be the growth engine of Korean society in the future, and to determine the effect of parental support for multicultural youth on career attitude determination. Multicultural adolescents experience more difficulties in parental support and career attitude determination than ordinary adolescents due to confusion over biculturalism exposed at birth. Therefore, this study confirmed the effect of parental support of multicultural adolescents on career attitude determination and verified the effect of bicultural acceptance attitude. To this end, data from the 8th year of the Multicultural Youth Panel (MAPS) conducted by the Korea Youth Policy Institute were used, and a total of 1,229 multicultural teenagers in the 2nd year of high school participated in the study. For data analysis, frequency analysis, descriptive statistical analysis, correlation analysis, path model suitability verification, path model coefficient, and mediating effect verification were conducted. Based on the results of these studies, it was intended to provide basic data for developing an integrated program that improves parental support and career attitude determination of multicultural adolescents.
  • 10.

    A Study on the Factors Influencing Job Satisfaction of Social Workers: Focusing on Welfare Centers for People with Disabilities

    Son Dajin , Kim Gyounghwa , Shin Eunkyoung | 2023, 8(4) | pp.101~111 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This purpose of this study was to examine the factors influencing job satisfaction of social workers working at welfare centers for people with disabilities in multiple dimensions, such as demographic characteristics, personal characteristics, job characteristics, and organizational characteristics. To achieve the purpose, a survey was conducted on 900 social workers working at 45 welfare centers for people with disabilities nationwide, and a total of 770 sample were analyzed. Hierarchical regression analysis was used. The main results were as follows. First, age(-) had a significant effect on job satisfaction. Second, resilience(+) was Statistically significant. Third, turnover intention(-) and Feedback(+) had a significant effect. Finally, organization trust and participative decision-making influenced job satisfaction positively. Based on these findings, implications for expanding the understanding of job satisfaction and enhancing job satisfaction of social workers working at the welfare centers were presented in multiple dimensions.
  • 11.

    The Relationship between Lifestyle and Life Satisfaction of Single-Person Youth Households: Focusing on the Mediating Effect of Interpersonal Relationship and the Moderating Effect of Parents’ Socioeconomic Status

    Min Cheol-gi | 2023, 8(4) | pp.113~122 | number of Cited : 0
    This study is a research study aimed at finding out the relationship between lifestyle and life satisfaction of single youth households and the relationship between the mediating role of interpersonal relationships and the effect of parents' social and economic status regulation in the relationship between lifestyle and life satisfaction. To this end, this study conducted a self-written survey of single-person youth households across the country through an online survey institution, regardless of gender, and used a total of 501 copies out of 520 subjects for final results analysis. The data were analyzed using the SPSS 25.0 and AMOS 25.0 programs, and the applied statistical techniques included correlation analysis, confirmatory factor analysis, structural equation model analysis, multi-group analysis, and bootstrap. As a result of the study, there was a significant positive (+) correlation between lifestyle, life satisfaction, and interpersonal relationships of single youth households, and interpersonal relationships were found to have a mediating effect in the relationship between lifestyle and life satisfaction. It was found to have a significant positive (+) effect on income and income satisfaction, but the moderating effect of education, economic activity, housing ownership type, and class consciousness was not significant. Based on the results of these studies, it was intended to provide basic data for developing various community programs and institutional arrangements for single youth households.
  • 12.

    A Study on the Enhancement of Human Relationship Satisfaction for Overcoming the Economic Exclusion of the Elderly in the Super-aged Society

    Kim Young-Chul , Lee Pyung-Hwa | 2023, 8(4) | pp.123~129 | number of Cited : 0
    This study was intended to discuss the economic exclusion of the elderly, which may be experienced in a super-aged society, and to propose a method to improve the interpersonal satisfaction of the elderly through the expansion of social networks in order to overcome this. As a result of this study, first, it suggests that the method of overcoming economic exclusion and improving human satisfaction requires a high interest in women in the subject, and the elderly, low-educated, It was found that it is urgent to overcome the economic exclusion of the low-income class. Second, as a result of examining the effect of social network on human relationship satisfaction, it was found that the more women, the higher the age, the more shopping, and the smoother communication with children, the higher the human relationship satisfaction. Third, as a result of examining the effect of economic exclusion on human relationship satisfaction, it was found that the more leisure activities visited relatives and relatives, and the more paid facilities used social networks, the lower the relationship satisfaction. Therefore, it can be seen that improvement measures for leisure activities and social networks are required. Fourth, as a result of examining the mediating effect of the social network, the social exclusion in the causal relationship in which the independent variable economic exclusion affects the dependent variable, human relationship satisfaction, The relational network was found to have a complete mediating effect. In conclusion, economic exclusion and social network affect human relationship satisfaction, and it was found that human relationship satisfaction improved only when economic exclusion was overcome and social network was improved.
  • 13.

    A Study on the Response of Military Sexual Violence: Based on Big Data Analysis of Related Articles

    Kim Young-Ran , Lee Min-Sun , Song Hyun | 2023, 8(4) | pp.131~137 | number of Cited : 0
    This study collected and analyzed articles related to military sex crimes covered in the news from February 2019 to May 28, 2022 in order to identify problems arising from sexual crimes in the military. In order to understand the current status of military sexual violence reported in the media, articles were collected using BIGKinds, a news big data analysis system, and using the Textom program, the study was conducted using frequency analysis by period, word cloud, and semantic network analysis techniques for keywords. The study was conducted using the technique. As a result of data analysis, first, it was confirmed that the public's attention was focused on the victims in reports related to sex crimes within the military. Second, the problem of the lukewarm system of the relevant authorities in responding to sex crimes was revealed. Third, there was a lack of support for victims of sex crimes.
  • 14.

    An Overseas Research Trends in Dream Analysis -Focused on Overseas Journals-

    Kong Hyun-Min , Shin Dong-Yeol | 2023, 8(4) | pp.139~146 | number of Cited : 0
    The purpose of this study is to examine the research trends of overseas journals related to dream analysis over the five-year period between 2019 and 2023, and to draw implications for future domestic research directions related to dream analysis. For this purpose, 84 overseas journals searched on Google scholar from 2019 to 2023 were selected and analyzed for research trends, including publication year, journal by topic, theory of use, major research topics, and research methods. The results of the analysis showed that, first, the number of published studies increased from 2019 to 2021 and then decreased, and related studies were active in each country during the COVID-19 period. Second, there was a tendency to interpret the unconscious through dream analysis and apply it to various fields. Third, the trend of research methods was 53 studies using qualitative research, 24 studies using quantitative research, 5 mixed studies, and 2 meta-analyses. Finally, we discuss our findings and suggest further research in the field of dream analysis.
  • 15.

    A Study on the Experience of Social Support in the Education and Care of Children of Married Migrant Women

    Jung Young-mi , Nam Bu-Hyun | 2023, 8(4) | pp.147~162 | number of Cited : 0
    This study explored the experience of social support in the education and rearing of children of immigrant women through international marriage and found its essential meaning. First of all, the husband's social support was very important, but the relationship with the husband had a different effect on childrearing and education. Parents-in-law had a positive and negative impact on child rearing and education of them due to cultural conflicts between the two countries. Their own mother was a strong support that gave them great strength just by being there, and as their children grew up, they regarded their mother as the source of bilingual education for their children. Other supporters around them were Korean friends who connected Korean society by sharing information on child care and education. Friends who spoke and communicated in their native language were emotional and psychological supporters that bonded the same experience of parenting and education for their children. In conclusion, the research participants expected a better life for themselves and their children by using a multi-layered social support system as well as a transnational family network in the process of child education and care. Accordingly, it was proposed to systematically improve the laws, systems, and policy support so that the social support system can be further strengthened at the family, community, and transnational levels for the education and care of children of immigrant women through international marriage.
  • 16.

    Successful Lifelong Learning Strategies for Slow Learners: Applying Grit and Growth Mindset

    Shin Eun Mi , Choi Ok Geun , Lee Gyu Dal and 2 other persons | 2023, 8(4) | pp.163~176 | number of Cited : 0
    Through a literature review, this study examined the concept of slow learners and the lifelong learning characteristics of slow learners, and sought ways to achieve successful lifelong learning by utilizing grit and growth mindset among non-cognitive characteristics. Slow learners were experiencing difficulties in cognitive, academic, linguistic, social and emotional, and behavioral characteristics. For successful lifelong learning of slow learners, it was necessary to set long-term goals rather than short-term goals and to maintain effort and consistency of interest to achieve the goals. In addition, it was confirmed that in order to achieve long-term goals, it is necessary to believe that change can be achieved through effort and learning. In other words, the need for learning using grit and growth mindset was confirmed. Based on these previous research results, it was presented as a lifelong learning strategy for slow learners that applied grit and growth mindset, which are non-cognitive characteristics, rather than cognitive characteristics such as intelligence.
  • 17.

    A Study on Private Investigator’s Role against Digital Related Social Problems

    Hur Myung Bum , Kim Kwon Ho , Yeom Keon-ryeong | 2023, 8(4) | pp.177~186 | number of Cited : 0
    Modern society is operated based on the internet, wireless networks, and digital devices to the extent that it is called a digital society. In particular, as most of financial transactions, information movement, and commercial activities are based online, various social problems and side effects related to this are increasing rapidly. Representative examples include industrial espionage activities and leakage of industrial technology, and social problems such as illegal goods trade such as drugs using online and online gambling are increasing to a serious level. These digital-based social problems cannot be solved only by the activities and capabilities of judicial institutions such as police and prosecutors. Now that the private investigation market is open, active intervention using them is necessary. To this end, it is necessary to actively cultivate private investigator's ability to investigate and collect evidence in relation to digital social and criminal problems. In addition, each private investigation education institution or association should actively invest and research this.
  • 18.

    A Comparative Study on the Relationship between MBTI Personality Types and Character Cards of Tarot

    Park So-Hyun , Na Hyeok-Jin | 2023, 8(4) | pp.187~200 | number of Cited : 0
    The purpose of this paper is to correspond to four-elements in astrology theory, an intellectual from ancient times, that show personality temperament among MBTI, a representative personality type test in modern times, furthermore, by examining 16 personality type cards in tarot, a play culture and fortune telling culture in which the four-element theory is integrated in symbols, it is a comparative consideration that connects the characteristics of the character types contained in them to the 16 personality types of MBTI. The four preferred types of MBTI are Extravesion(E) and Introversion(I), Sensing(S) and Intuition(N), Thinking(T) and Feeling(F), Judgment(J) and Perception(P). Among them, Western four-elements were able to respond to Fire, Water, Air, and Earth in the order of NF(iNtuitive Feeling Type), SF(Sensory Feeling Type), NT(iNtuitive Thinking Type), and ST(Sensory Thinking Type). This is a result that can be derived by comparing individual personality theory and MBTI temperament theory among the symbols contained in ancient astrological theories. And the classification of boys, knights, queens, and kings in the four classes of person cards could be divided according to the MBTI attitude index. The boy showed an adaptive introvert using I and P, the knight showed an adaptive extrovert using E and P, the queen showed a decisive introvert using I and J, and the king showed an adaptive extrovert using E and J.
  • 19.

    Research on Solitude and Mental Health in Psychology

    Yoon Seok-Min | 2023, 8(4) | pp.201~207 | number of Cited : 0
    This study presents literature research on solitude and mental health in psychology as one of the problems in modern society. Solitude has been understood as a psychologically diverse concept. In psychology, solitude has been understood in a variety of ways: as a pathological phenomenon, a source of conflict in childhood, an expression of maladjustment, and a factor influencing current experiences. Solitude is an objective state of being alone without social interaction, while loneliness and privacy are subjective concepts, with loneliness indicating a need for the presence of others. On the contrary, the religious solitary is a solitary being before God. Isolation and sensory restriction, which humans voluntarily choose, is a cure for loneliness. Also, solitude is associated with positive well-being and healthy adaptability. Humans need to have inner freedom by turning loneliness into solitude. This suggests that loneliness can be overcome through solitude, and that positive thinking can overcome negativity, loneliness, and depression.
  • 20.

    Qualitative Study on Vocational Rehabilitation Program Participation Experience of Mentally Ill Patients in Psychiatric Day Hospital Care

    Eom Kwang-Jin , Kim Jung-yoo | 2023, 8(4) | pp.209~220 | number of Cited : 0
    This study used general qualitative research and G-PhotoVoice methods to study the experience of psychiatric patients participating in vocational rehabilitation programs in daytime hospitals. The researcher in this study conducted interviews more than two times with five patients who took part in the program and data was also collected from additional conversations while patients were admitted or on outpatient visit after being discharged from the day hospital. In addition, semi-structured group interview with photos was also conducted. As a result of the study, the participants' experience of participating in the day hospital vocational rehabilitation program was found to be "experiencing difficulties in vocational activities," "joying working together," "getting a sense of stability," and "feeling that they have grown."Based on these findings, this study discussed the implications of activating vocational rehabilitation in daytime hospitals and promoting the growth of psychiatric patients.
  • 21.

    A Study on the Application of Classic Astrology to Predict Occupational Integrity

    Kim Do-Yeon , Kim Ki-Seung | 2023, 8(4) | pp.221~227 | number of Cited : 0
    This study is a study to analyze Nativity's occupational aptitude by examining the functions and structures of the planets that make up the Nativity birth chart of Classic Astrology. If the occupation that appears in the birth chart is viewed as an individual's natural occupation, it is analyzed through the strength and weakness of the sign and planets, and the aspect (relationship with the planet). In Classic Astrology's nativity birth chart, there are three major planets when judging occupations: Venus (♀). Mars (♂). It was thought to be determined by Mercury (☿). However, in order to meet the diversity of jobs required in today's highly developed knowledge and information society, there are some shortcomings, so Saturn (♄), Jupiter (♃), Sun (☉), Moon (☽) was added to apply the aptitude for the job. Thus, the native’s ASC vocational aptitude could be applied more diversely and broadly based on the relationship between planets and their aspects. As a result, Venus (♀. Venus) means enjoying artistic work that people think is beautiful and making it a pleasure in life, while Mars (♂) means work that requires physical strength and strength, such as working days. Mercury (☿) means using knowledge and brains, and the Sun (☉) plays a role in giving authority to jobs and talents. The Moon (☽) helps the native gain people's trust in his or her profession and talents, Jupiter (♃) helps the native to revive his or her profession and talents through faith, sincerity, fairness, and generosity, and Saturn (♄) can appear as an obstacle that blocks career and talent due to greed, sadness, poverty, etc. As a result of the study, it was found that the native's occupations vary depending on the strengths and weaknesses of the planets and their aspect relationships.
  • 22.

    Solution Method of Hypochondriasis through Focused Distraction

    Jeon Joseph | 2023, 8(4) | pp.229~239 | number of Cited : 0
    This research as a literature study is to clarify solution method of hypochondriasis through focused distraction. Hypochondriasis is called by various terms such as somatization symptoms, health anxiety, illness phobia, illness anxiety disorder, hypochondriacal disorder, hypochondriacal neurosis, and hypochondria personality disorder. Hypochondria is basically a factor that causes worry, fear, anxiety, and even phobia, lowering the quality of life at home, work, and society. As the quality of life of individuals is decreasing, the field of counseling psychology and psychological counseling has the task of solving this problem and restoring psychological peace. Accordingly, this study is an attempt to explore the symptoms of hypochondria by using the distraction strategy among cognitive strategies as a way to resolve the condition. Focused distraction strategy can be said to be a kind of cognitive ‘avoidance strategy’. Focused distraction strategy is a way to avoid being overly focused on one's health. In addition, it weakens health concerns by ‘dispersing’ or ‘distracting’ the ‘attention’ focused on health in another direction.
  • 23.

    A Study on Improving Private Investigation Work Efficiency to Missing Cases

    Kim Sang Min , Sun Jun Ho , Yeom Keon-ryeong | 2023, 8(4) | pp.241~250 | number of Cited : 0
    In investigating missing persons cases, the focus is on strengthening the efficiency of detectives' work in investigating missing persons cases. Disappearance cases are seen as a problem that directly affects social safety and individual well-being. The research has the following structure. The introduction presents the necessity, scope, and methodology of the study. Next, we analyze the definition, causes, types and actual conditions of disappearance cases. In terms of problems in the process of handling missing persons cases, the initial response process, problems in the response of related agencies after reporting, problems due to the prolongation of the case, and problems due to legal restrictions are analyzed. In the plan to improve the work efficiency of detectives for disappearance cases, the revitalization of public interest investigation networks, strengthening of capacity related to disappearance case investigation, professional public interest detective certification system, and establishment of exception provisions for detective activities are discussed. In the conclusion, we present what is necessary for the activities of public interest detectives specializing in missing persons cases.
  • 24.

    Research Trends on S.Freud Dream Analysis -Focused on Domestic Academic Journals-

    Kwon Hye-Jin , Shin Dong-Yeol | 2023, 8(4) | pp.251~256 | number of Cited : 0
    The purpose of this study is to find out how much research has been done on dream analysis based on S.Freud’s psychoanalytic theory, and to suggest the necessity of dream research and follow-up research on dream research. The research method was based on analysis of domestic academic journals from 2019 to 2023, a study on S. Freud’s dream analysis. Among them, the data were collected and organized through a keyword classification process from the Research Information Service (RISS) and the Korean Journal Citation Index (KCI). The classification categories were psychoanalysis, domestic academic journals, dream analysis, dream interpretation, dream analysis research trends, and dream research trends. In particular, psychoanalysis, dream analysis, domestic academic journals, and research trends were searched. The conclusion was drawn as follows. First, studies on research trends on dream analysis in domestic academic journals did not occupy a large proportion. Second, the ratio of research trends centered on dream analysis keywords was also significantly low. Third, the use and frequency of dream analysis was low. Fourth, research on Korean testing tools based on dream analysis is needed.
  • 25.

    Research on Efficiency of Western China’s Universities under the “Double First-Class” Initiative

    Youming Li , Sim Jae-Yeon | 2023, 8(4) | pp.257~266 | number of Cited : 0
    The research focuses on the provincial universities in the western region of China and investigates the research level of 12 provincial universities from 2017 to 2021, considering both static efficiency and dynamic efficiency. The static efficiency is examined using Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA), while the dynamic efficiency is analyzed using the Malmquist model. The analysis results are as follows: the scientific research efficiency of universities in the 12 western provinces is generally not high. Against the background of the “Double First-Class” construction, the overall efficiency of scientific research in universities is showing an increasing trend. The main reason for the increase in scientific research efficiency is the increase in scale efficiency in recent years. The total factor productivity (TFP) of research activities is influenced by the technology progress index and exhibits a pattern of initial increase, followed by a decline, and then an increase again. Research conclusion: Western colleges and universities should reasonably allocate resources for scientific research activities, perfect scientific research mechanisms, improve management standards, promote scientific innovation and corresponding achievements, and ultimately raise the scientific and technological level in western China.
  • 26.

    A Study on the Economic Efficiency of Tourism Industry in China’s Bohai Rim Region Using DEA Model

    Li Ting , Sim Jae-Yeon | 2023, 8(4) | pp.267~276 | number of Cited : 0
    Based on the tourism input-output data of five provinces and cities in China's Bohai Rim region from 2015∼ 2021, this study analyzes the efficiency of regional tourism using DEA-BCC and DEA-Malmquist index, as well as its contribution to regional economic efficiency, and identifies factors influencing the comprehensive efficiency. The research results indicate that the comprehensive efficiency of the tourism industry in the China Bohai Sea region has reached an optimal level of 88.9%, but there is still room for improvement, with overall fluctuations. The overall productivity of the tourism industry exhibits a "U"-shaped fluctuating pattern, with growth mainly driven by technological advancements. Due to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, the region experienced a nearly 50% decrease in total factor productivity in 2019∼2020. However, in 2021, with the implementation of various government stimulus policies, the tourism efficiency rapidly recovered to 80% of pre-pandemic levels. In terms of the impact of the tourism industry on the regional economy in the China Bohai Sea region, Hebei Province stands out as a significant contributor. Based on the aforementioned research findings, the following recommendations are proposed in three aspects: optimizing the supply structure, increasing innovation investment, and strengthening internal collaboration. These recommendations provide valuable insights for enhancing regional tourism efficiency and promoting regional synergy.