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2015, Vol., No.17

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    The Korean Studies in Japan's Anthropology

    유혁수 | 2015, (17) | pp.133~166 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    This study analyzes the existing Japanese legislations about foreigners and proposes couple of improvements to these. The existing Japanese legislations about foreigners is not necessarily satisfactory level from the score of the Migration Integration Policy Index, this study argues that one of main causes originates from the history and the character of Japan as an ethnic nation. Next we divide 4 periods of the history of Japanese foreigner policy, that is, 1st period (1945-1979) as rampant of exclusion and discrimination and forced assimilation, 2nd period (1980-1989) as laid with some solid foundation to equality and internationalization, 3rd period (1990-2005) as one step to multicultural symbiotic society and finally 4th period (2005~) as impasse to further step to multicultural symbiotic society. In 3rd chapter, we examine the existing Japanese legislations about foreigners from the viewpoint of limitation to enjoyment of rights. These include immigration law, two main political rights (suffrage and engage in public service), freedom of choice of occupation, finally, right to education. In conclusion, we propose couple of improvements to the existing Japanese legislations of foreigners including the partial introduction of jus soli and/or jus domicile and recognition of a category of ‘non-Japanese’ Japanese nationals.
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    Human Rights of Korean Residents in Japan: A Critical Analysis

    신혜봉 | 2015, (17) | pp.167~189 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    Issues concerning human rights of Korean residents in Japan are usually dealt with in the framework of “human rights of aliens” in Japanese constitutional law. However, given the historical background that the Koreans from the ex-colony of Japan came to settle in this country, as well as the fact that they were unilaterally deprived of their Japanese nationality after the war, treating those Koreans and their descendants simply as “foreigners” raises grave concern in terms of their legal status. In addition, Japan is now a State party to a number of human rights treaties, by which it is obligated to ensure rights to all individuals within its jurisdiction regardless of nationality. This article critically analyzes the situation of human rights of Korean residents in Japan in light of international human rights law. It also emphasizes that discrimination against Koreans including hate speech has much to do with the lack of history education, and that human rights treaties provide useful insight on this point as well.
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    Fifty Years of Japan-Korea Trade Relations Mutual Benefits

    권오경 | 2015, (17) | pp.190~210 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    Korea's economy has long relied on the Japanese economy to achieve industrialization. This is because 1) Korea and Japan are close to one another culturally and geographically, and while some believe the second reason is because of the normalization funding exchanged between the two countries as recompense for the Japanese invasion of Korea, the real reason is that 2) Japan offers goods and services rather than money. In addition, imports from Japan played a much larger role in South Korea’s economy than those of any other country. In addition, Korea’s reliance on Japan has decreased little by little to the point that on the contrary, Korea is becoming a confirmed competitor of Japan and its economy. This growth is particularly noticeable in the electrical machinery industry, and there is also much growth in the transportation machinery industry. From this background, we see Korea’s economy growing as a result of a relatively short period of industrialization, its new IT industry, modularity, its performance in emerging markets, the spillover of talent from Japanese companies, Six Sigma, the high yen, and so on. Finally, like the competition between American and Japanese companies, the Korea-Japan economic competition aims for the emergence of more daring companies that are scrap-and-build.
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    Polarized Views on NHK, the Public Broadcaster's Political Independence or Impartiality: An Analysis of Japanese Newspaper Editorials

    황성빈 | 2015, (17) | pp.211~255 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    This paper analyzed how Japanese major newspapers have defined and discussed NHK=the public broadcaster’s norm and responsibility from 1980s now on. For this purpose, I have collected the editorials that included ‘NHK’ using the database of each newspaper, and carried out a discourse analysis on the editorials, focusing on the difference between the liberals(the Asashi and the Mainich) and the conservatives(the Yomiuri and the Sankei). From 1980s to 1990s, the main issue regarding NHK had been its organizational and channel expansion, while political independence and impartiality issue was not a hot-debated issue regardless of the ideological difference between the two camps. However, since late 1990s, some delicate but significant differences between the two camps became noticeable with regard to the public broadcaster’s responsibility on political impartiality and fairness in the Japanese public sphere. The liberal papers interpreted the doctrines based on the liberal model, but the conservatives had different perceptions of the same doctrine following the government model. Ironically enough, it has been around the historical issue, especially about ‘the comfort women system’ by the imperial Japanese army that the controversy became extensive between the two camps. When, the controversy around the public broadcaster’s political independence and impartiality became fierce in 2005, 2007 and 2013, the comfort women issue was in the background, or in the center.In other words, the history problem has occupied the central positions in the controversy about the public broadcaster’s norm and responsibility. The paper argued that “the culture war” erupted by the conservative side, which claims to “historical revisionism”, have also been imposed on the discussion about the norms and responsibility of the public broadcaster. In the vortex, the liberal definition of public broadcasting that have been formed after the war and have symbolized the postwar democracy of Japan became a mere façade.
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    Who Tweets What about the Treaty between Japan and Korea?: A Change of Discourse Norm in Japanese Society

    이광호 | 2015, (17) | pp.256~285 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study analyzed tweets on ‘the Treaty on Basic Relations between Japan and Korea’ posted on the Twitter in Japan in terms of the specific assertions made and characteristics of users who posted them. In Japan, anti-Korea discourses have been continuously produced and distributed mainly on anonymous Internet discussion sites. This study has an interest in examining how ‘Korea’ has been discussed on the Twitter which is considered as a less anonymous media under certain conditions, with a special focus on the possible relations with the change of political environment in Japan resulted from ‘the return of conservative regime.’ Major findings are 1) that a rapid increase of the Treaty related tweets was observed since 2012 when Abe Shinzo’s party started to get wide public supports, 2) that most of the tweets made largely same assertions as the Japanese government and/or right-wing groups have raised, and 3) that majority of the users who posted those tweets identified themselves with nationalists, the right-leaned, or conservatives. These findings suggest that a change in discourse norms is currently occurring in Japanese society and the change might be advanced further for right wings to easily voice in the near future.
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