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2016, Vol., No.20

  • 1.

    Manchukuo as ‘the State of Morality-Righteousness’ and Kenkoku University -On the Discourse of Sakuda Soichi, Nishi Sinichiro, Ch'oe Nam-Son

    Haesoo Kang | 2016, (20) | pp.76~118 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    This study analyses writings that discuss ‘the existence and purpose’ (the principle and ‘the true meaning’ according to Sakuda) of Manchukuo by Sakuda Soichi, the vice-chancellor of Manchuria Kenkoku University and the head of the research division. Along with this the paper discusses the discourse of ‘morality-righteousness’(Ch: 道義) and ‘the state of moralityrighteousness’( Ch: 道義國家) expanded by Nishi Shinichiro, the emeritus professor of Kenkoku Univeristy and Ch'oe Nam-son who was invited as a ‘policy professor’. I think through how ‘morality-righteousness’ and ‘the state of morality-righteousness’ discourse as part of Imperial Japan's ‘imperial consciousness’ gave rise to a national ideology of Manchukuo and the problems associated with it. Lastly I offer to trace how Ch'oe Nam-son's ‘morality-righteousness’ and ‘the state of morality-righteousness’ discourse may be connected to Rhee Syngman's ‘National founding ideology’ as well as ‘the movement to enhance righteousness’ under the Park Chung-hee regime.
  • 2.

    Policy of the Japanese Government for the Korean Residing in Japan and Korea - Japan Talks -from Suzuki Hajime to Sakanaka Hidenori-

    leesung | 2016, (20) | pp.119~150 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    After the defeat, the Japanese government did not have a Korean policy in Japan from a long-term perspective. The Japanese government who was only watching Korean residents in Japan as a cumbersome existence was concerned only with their management and crackdown. However, in the mid-1950's when the legal status negotiations at the Japan-South Korea talks were difficult, the Japanese government established a basic policy to solve the problem by naturalization of Koreans in Japan to Japan. It was suzuki hajime, the chief of the immigration bureau who participated in legal position negotiations to have led the establishment of such a policy. He insisted that Koreans who have totally settled in Japanese society should be given a stable status of residence as much as possible and that conditions of naturalization should be relaxed so that Japanese nationality can be easily acquired. In the 1970s, sakanaka, a staff member of the immigration bureau, asserted that Korean residents in Japan would become more established if they gave a stable status of residence, which in turn would lead to an increase in naturalization. It can be said that sakanaka's assertion inherits and embodies suzuki' s argument.
  • 3.

    Scope and Limitations of Exercising Jurisdiction in Areas of Overlapping Maritime Claims between Korea and Japan

    김자영 | 2016, (20) | pp.151~177 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    Areas of overlapping maritime claims are not high seas, and Coastal States have rights and obligations in these areas according to UN Convention on the Law of the Sea. Coast States with overlapping EEZ or continental shelf claims have a good faith duty to seek provisional arrangements and the duty to avoid jeopardising or hampering the reaching of a boundary agreement under article 74/83 para(3). Coastal States make unilateral attempts to make scope and application of their jurisdiction into a law and have legal basis for unilateral exercising their maritme jurisdiction. In this situation, unilateral enforcement can spill over into maritime conflict. Korea and Japan have overlapping jurisdictional claims in the East Sea and the East China Sea. This article considers diverse problems regarding exercise of conflicting jurisdiction between Korea and Japan by the time of final delimitation of the EEZ and continental shelf from all angles.
  • 4.

    The Continental Shelf of Korea-Japan Joint Development Zone Agreement as an Offshore Cooperation in the Northeast Asia: toward an Establishment of Joint Developmental Cooperation Regime

    Park, Chang-Gun | 안도준코 | 2016, (20) | pp.178~207 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    This study takes close look at establishing of cooperation system around the coast of northeast and how it works in institutional implementation of the continental shelf of Korea-Japan joint development zone agreement. East China Sea that the claims of countries are confronted about the boundary of the continental shelf is the hot potatoes of the marine regime. As all these problems like continental shelf, boundary delimitation of exclusive economic zone, sovereignty issue of Chinese-Japanese around Senkaku/Diàoyúdo and Ieodo problem between Korea and Japan are entangled complexly, it is realistic to seek solutions utilizing multilateral framework rather than running a channel of conversation bilaterally. However, since Chinese-Japanese, Korean-Japanese and Korean-Chinese agreements about the fishing problem is connected each other respectively, waters that are not bounded are regulated and managing as the joint regulated waters. Even though there is a criticism for approaching the way of Danaagae, Northeast Asia offshore cooperation can be evaluated as the practical solution so as to secure fishery resources and protect the safety and life of fishermen and not to be an issue the problems that are difficult to solve. Korean-Japanese governments did not demarcate the boundary of the continentalshelf of the East China Sea and it was the continental shelf of Korea and Japan that led to political consensus by ways of joint management and development. In this agreement, continental shelf boundary of the sea area that claims both sides deal with boundary delimitation the ways of Danaagae so joint waters are defined in the Donghae and joint development is regulated in the continental shelf of East China Sea. In other words, the two countries, Korea and Japan, put the first button in order to fulfill institutional settlement of joint developmental cooperation regime about the continental shelf.
  • 5.

    Japan's Political Process Surrounding the Formation of Economic Cooperation Method

    김은정 | 2016, (20) | pp.208~240 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This paper examines the negotiation process regarding the claim issue at Korea - Japan talks that had been developed for 14 years since 1951, namely the claim settlement on economic cooperation system in 1965 and its policy origins, focusing on the political process of the Japanese government. Existing studies tend to explain the claim issue agreement on economic cooperation method as a product of the United States’ pressure or a mere political compromise. On the contrary, this paper focuses on the bureaucratic politics within the Japanese government and analyzes factors affecting the settlement on economic cooperation method from a perspective distinctive from existing interpretations. This study analyzes the Japanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs documents that were released in 2008, and empirically reinterprets the history of the Korea - Japan talks by explaining and complementing unclear dimensions in previous research. At the same time, it provides a new framework of analysis to review the nature of Japanese diplomacy after Korea’s liberation and the problems of current Korea-Japan relations.