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2018, Vol., No.24

  • 1.

    The Visits of Chosen and Ryukyu Delegations and a Dutchman to Edo, and the Ordinances and Precedents of Bakuhu(幕府) - Focused on Chosen Ryuku Arantazinnobu(「朝鮮琉球阿蘭陀人之部」) of Kyohosenyoruisyu(『享保撰要類集』) -

    Jieun Her | 2018, (24) | pp.143~186 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    This study aims to examine how the Edo government(江戶幕府) received and treated the delegations of Chosen and Ryukyu(琉球) in comparison with the Dutchman through the analysis on Kyohosenyoruisyu a compilation of precedents and ordinances in relation to the visits of Chosen and Ryukyu delegations and a Dutchman to Edo during the time of Shogun Tokugawa Yoshimune(徳川吉宗) who was the eighth shogun of Edo Shogunate; this kind of studies have rarely been carried out in the research of delegations to date. The findings verified through the analysis are as follows: First, the Edo receptions of the Chosen delegation in 1719 and the Ryukyu delegation in 1718 were simplified compared to previous delegations in receptions and ceremonial matters as they were treated on the same line of the policies executed by Tokugawa Yoshimune such as in Kyoho reforms. Second, at the time of the Edo visit of Ryukyu delegation in 1718, Tokugawa Yoshimune treated Ryukyu as a ‘subject state’ which was under the influence of Japan, not as a ‘foreign country’, and even if a lord of Satsuma
  • 2.

    Rewriting ‘Herstory’ of Postwar Memory - The Narrative of a War Bride in Sawako Ariyoshi's Hishoku -

    Jiyoung Kim | 2018, (24) | pp.187~222 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Ariyoshi Sawako(1931~1984) is one of Japan's most prominent and prolific postwar women writers; however, her provocative literary works have yet to be critically examined. This paper undertakes a thorough re-reading of Ariyoshi's novel Hishoku (1964) and explores how her re-writing of history provokes far-reaching insights into how nationalism and gender correlate in representations of postwar American-Japanese relations. Ariyoshi wrote Hishoku after spending one year stay in New York (1959) at the invitation of the Rockefeller Foundation. The novel recounts the story of a war bride, Emiko, who married an African American GI. By presenting this first-person narration of a war bride, a voice that has been historically ignored, Ariyoshi pluralizes and re-writes “History”; in other words, she writes “Herstory.” This paper elucidates how Hishoku offers a counter-narrative to previous representations of the Occupation, thereby calling Japan’s national memory into question. Furthermore, this paper also examines how Hishoku, which was written in response to the Cultural Cold War, reflects on racial discrimination.
  • 3.

    A Holocaust Trio of A Failed State, A Failed Hegemony and A Modern State: A Conceptual Analysis of the Sino-Japanese War and Japan's Genocide of the Donghak Peasant Armies

    SON, Key-young | 2018, (24) | pp.223~259 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    This research analyzes the transformation of East Asia’s international order and the masses of Joseon as the victims of the era from the perspectives of international relations and historical studies. While conducting an interdisciplinary analysis to achieve cross-fertilization between the two academic disciplines, this research aims to undertake the collection of historical data and the conceptualization of historical facts. This research illustrates the Sino-Japanese War and the Donghak Peasants War from the international, national and popular movement levels by using the concept of “state failure” and the methods for analyzing the Holocaust of Jews. This approach sheds light on the international and domestic environment that made possible the genocide of the Donghak peasant armies and villagers whose victim count ranges from 30,000 to 300,000 to 400,000. It argues that the Sino-Japanese War and the Holocaust of the Donghak peasant armies and villagers were caused by a trio of a modern state(Japan), a failed state(Joseon) and a failed hegemony(Qing), with the former exhibiting aggressiveness and brutality and the latter two producing governance crises.
  • 4.

    A Study on the Questions of Korean History in the University Enterance Examinations of Japan

    Kim, Bo-Rim | 2018, (24) | pp.259~290 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Since the arrival of the Abe regime, Japan has envisioned a new university entrance system for high school linked University(高大接續改革) In order to emphasize the need to develop better Korean history questions that open up the horizon of the Korea-Japan relationship in the new examination system, I would like to analize the questions related to Korean history in the university entrance exam during the recent three years of Japan(2016~2018) No Korean history related items were submitted in the subject of World History A in the 2005 University Enterance Examination of Japan(‘Center Test’) by National Center for University Enterance Examinations. However, after analyzing the Center Test at the present time more than 10 years ago, the quantity and quality of Korean history related items have changed a lot. Especially, The subject of World History A have more than 30% of East Asian contents. It is also improving in terms of qualitative aspects such as expanding of items such as dealing with Korean history related matters as the right answer and the independent Korean history items. However, in the modern and contemporary history, it is not possible to present the repressive nature of colonial rule.
  • 5.

    The U.S.-Japan Alliance and the Senkaku/Diaoyu Dao Islands Dispute : Is the U.S. a Mediator or Conflict-Inducer?

    JA HYUN Chun | 2018, (24) | pp.291~313 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    There has been continued tension between Japan and China in the East China Sea since 2010. The managing or resolution of the Senkaku/Diaoyu Dao Islands dispute is so critical that many observers have emphasized the importance of the role of the U.S. and have called upon the country to act as a mediator. However, there has been no research on the change in the U.S. stance. Therefore, this study examines the changes in the U.S.’s stance on the Senkaku/Diaoyu Dao Islands dispute by analyzing its position over time. A three-phase analysis of the U.S.’s stance will be examined through the analyzing of the Obama administration. The analysis of various mediums including the statements of high-level policymakers will show that the U.S.’s stance has changed from neutral to intervention and that its support of Japan is becoming increasingly conspicuous. The conclusion will aim to propose the implications this research has for Northeast Asia.